spdifenc.c 19.9 KB
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/*
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 * IEC 61937 muxer
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 * Copyright (c) 2009 Bartlomiej Wolowiec
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 * Copyright (c) 2010 Anssi Hannula
 * Copyright (c) 2010 Carl Eugen Hoyos
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 *
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 * This file is part of Libav.
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 *
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 * Libav is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
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 * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
 * version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
 *
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 * Libav is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
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 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
 * Lesser General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
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 * License along with Libav; if not, write to the Free Software
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 * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
 */

/**
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 * @file
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 * IEC-61937 encapsulation of various formats, used by S/PDIF
 * @author Bartlomiej Wolowiec
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 * @author Anssi Hannula
 * @author Carl Eugen Hoyos
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 */

/*
 * Terminology used in specification:
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 * data-burst - IEC61937 frame, contains header and encapsuled frame
 * burst-preambule - IEC61937 frame header, contains 16-bits words named Pa, Pb, Pc and Pd
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 * burst-payload - encapsuled frame
 * Pa, Pb - syncword - 0xF872, 0x4E1F
 * Pc - burst-info, contains data-type (bits 0-6), error flag (bit 7), data-type-dependent info (bits 8-12)
 *      and bitstream number (bits 13-15)
 * data-type - determines type of encapsuled frames
 * Pd - length code (number of bits or bytes of encapsuled frame - according to data_type)
 *
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 * IEC 61937 frames at normal usage start every specific count of bytes,
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 *      dependent from data-type (spaces between packets are filled by zeros)
 */

#include "avformat.h"
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#include "avio_internal.h"
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#include "spdif.h"
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#include "libavcodec/ac3.h"
#include "libavcodec/dca.h"
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#include "libavcodec/aacadtsdec.h"
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#include "libavutil/opt.h"
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typedef struct IEC61937Context {
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    const AVClass *av_class;
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    enum IEC61937DataType data_type;///< burst info - reference to type of payload of the data-burst
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    int length_code;                ///< length code in bits or bytes, depending on data type
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    int pkt_offset;                 ///< data burst repetition period in bytes
    uint8_t *buffer;                ///< allocated buffer, used for swap bytes
    int buffer_size;                ///< size of allocated buffer

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    uint8_t *out_buf;               ///< pointer to the outgoing data before byte-swapping
    int out_bytes;                  ///< amount of outgoing bytes

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    int use_preamble;               ///< preamble enabled (disabled for exactly pre-padded DTS)
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    int extra_bswap;                ///< extra bswap for payload (for LE DTS => standard BE DTS)

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    uint8_t *hd_buf;                ///< allocated buffer to concatenate hd audio frames
    int hd_buf_size;                ///< size of the hd audio buffer
    int hd_buf_count;               ///< number of frames in the hd audio buffer
    int hd_buf_filled;              ///< amount of bytes in the hd audio buffer

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    int dtshd_skip;                 ///< counter used for skipping DTS-HD frames

    /* AVOptions: */
    int dtshd_rate;
    int dtshd_fallback;
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#define SPDIF_FLAG_BIGENDIAN    0x01
    int spdif_flags;
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    /// function, which generates codec dependent header information.
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    /// Sets data_type and pkt_offset, and length_code, out_bytes, out_buf if necessary
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    int (*header_info) (AVFormatContext *s, AVPacket *pkt);
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} IEC61937Context;
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static const AVOption options[] = {
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{ "spdif_flags", "IEC 61937 encapsulation flags", offsetof(IEC61937Context, spdif_flags), AV_OPT_TYPE_FLAGS, {.dbl = 0}, 0, INT_MAX, AV_OPT_FLAG_ENCODING_PARAM, "spdif_flags" },
{ "be", "output in big-endian format (for use as s16be)", 0, AV_OPT_TYPE_CONST, {.dbl = SPDIF_FLAG_BIGENDIAN},  0, INT_MAX, AV_OPT_FLAG_ENCODING_PARAM, "spdif_flags" },
{ "dtshd_rate", "mux complete DTS frames in HD mode at the specified IEC958 rate (in Hz, default 0=disabled)", offsetof(IEC61937Context, dtshd_rate), AV_OPT_TYPE_INT, {.dbl = 0}, 0, 768000, AV_OPT_FLAG_ENCODING_PARAM },
{ "dtshd_fallback_time", "min secs to strip HD for after an overflow (-1: till the end, default 60)", offsetof(IEC61937Context, dtshd_fallback), AV_OPT_TYPE_INT, {.dbl = 60}, -1, INT_MAX, AV_OPT_FLAG_ENCODING_PARAM },
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{ NULL },
};

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static const AVClass class = {
    .class_name     = "spdif",
    .item_name      = av_default_item_name,
    .option         = options,
    .version        = LIBAVUTIL_VERSION_INT,
};
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static int spdif_header_ac3(AVFormatContext *s, AVPacket *pkt)
{
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    IEC61937Context *ctx = s->priv_data;
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    int bitstream_mode = pkt->data[5] & 0x7;
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    ctx->data_type  = IEC61937_AC3 | (bitstream_mode << 8);
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    ctx->pkt_offset = AC3_FRAME_SIZE << 2;
    return 0;
}

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static int spdif_header_eac3(AVFormatContext *s, AVPacket *pkt)
{
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    IEC61937Context *ctx = s->priv_data;
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    static const uint8_t eac3_repeat[4] = {6, 3, 2, 1};
    int repeat = 1;

    if ((pkt->data[4] & 0xc0) != 0xc0) /* fscod */
        repeat = eac3_repeat[(pkt->data[4] & 0x30) >> 4]; /* numblkscod */

    ctx->hd_buf = av_fast_realloc(ctx->hd_buf, &ctx->hd_buf_size, ctx->hd_buf_filled + pkt->size);
    if (!ctx->hd_buf)
        return AVERROR(ENOMEM);

    memcpy(&ctx->hd_buf[ctx->hd_buf_filled], pkt->data, pkt->size);

    ctx->hd_buf_filled += pkt->size;
    if (++ctx->hd_buf_count < repeat){
        ctx->pkt_offset = 0;
        return 0;
    }
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    ctx->data_type   = IEC61937_EAC3;
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    ctx->pkt_offset  = 24576;
    ctx->out_buf     = ctx->hd_buf;
    ctx->out_bytes   = ctx->hd_buf_filled;
    ctx->length_code = ctx->hd_buf_filled;

    ctx->hd_buf_count  = 0;
    ctx->hd_buf_filled = 0;
    return 0;
}

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/*
 * DTS type IV (DTS-HD) can be transmitted with various frame repetition
 * periods; longer repetition periods allow for longer packets and therefore
 * higher bitrate. Longer repetition periods mean that the constant bitrate of
 * the outputted IEC 61937 stream is higher.
 * The repetition period is measured in IEC 60958 frames (4 bytes).
 */
static int spdif_dts4_subtype(int period)
{
    switch (period) {
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    case 512:   return 0x0;
    case 1024:  return 0x1;
    case 2048:  return 0x2;
    case 4096:  return 0x3;
    case 8192:  return 0x4;
    case 16384: return 0x5;
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    }
    return -1;
}

static int spdif_header_dts4(AVFormatContext *s, AVPacket *pkt, int core_size,
                             int sample_rate, int blocks)
{
    IEC61937Context *ctx = s->priv_data;
    static const char dtshd_start_code[10] = { 0x01, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0xfe, 0xfe };
    int pkt_size = pkt->size;
    int period;
    int subtype;

    if (!core_size) {
        av_log(s, AV_LOG_ERROR, "HD mode not supported for this format\n");
        return AVERROR(EINVAL);
    }

    if (!sample_rate) {
        av_log(s, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Unknown DTS sample rate for HD\n");
        return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
    }

    period = ctx->dtshd_rate * (blocks << 5) / sample_rate;
    subtype = spdif_dts4_subtype(period);

    if (subtype < 0) {
        av_log(s, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Specified HD rate of %d Hz would require an "
               "impossible repetition period of %d for the current DTS stream"
               " (blocks = %d, sample rate = %d)\n", ctx->dtshd_rate, period,
               blocks << 5, sample_rate);
        return AVERROR(EINVAL);
    }

    /* set pkt_offset and DTS IV subtype according to the requested output
     * rate */
    ctx->pkt_offset = period * 4;
    ctx->data_type = IEC61937_DTSHD | subtype << 8;

    /* If the bitrate is too high for transmitting at the selected
     * repetition period setting, strip DTS-HD until a good amount
     * of consecutive non-overflowing HD frames have been observed.
     * This generally only happens if the caller is cramming a Master
     * Audio stream into 192kHz IEC 60958 (which may or may not fit). */
    if (sizeof(dtshd_start_code) + 2 + pkt_size
            > ctx->pkt_offset - BURST_HEADER_SIZE && core_size) {
        if (!ctx->dtshd_skip)
            av_log(s, AV_LOG_WARNING, "DTS-HD bitrate too high, "
                                      "temporarily sending core only\n");
        if (ctx->dtshd_fallback > 0)
            ctx->dtshd_skip = sample_rate * ctx->dtshd_fallback / (blocks << 5);
        else
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            /* skip permanently (dtshd_fallback == -1) or just once
             * (dtshd_fallback == 0) */
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            ctx->dtshd_skip = 1;
    }
    if (ctx->dtshd_skip && core_size) {
        pkt_size = core_size;
        if (ctx->dtshd_fallback >= 0)
            --ctx->dtshd_skip;
    }

    ctx->out_bytes   = sizeof(dtshd_start_code) + 2 + pkt_size;
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    /* Align so that (length_code & 0xf) == 0x8. This is reportedly needed
     * with some receivers, but the exact requirement is unconfirmed. */
    ctx->length_code = FFALIGN(ctx->out_bytes + 0x8, 0x10) - 0x8;
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    av_fast_malloc(&ctx->hd_buf, &ctx->hd_buf_size, ctx->out_bytes);
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    if (!ctx->hd_buf)
        return AVERROR(ENOMEM);

    ctx->out_buf = ctx->hd_buf;

    memcpy(ctx->hd_buf, dtshd_start_code, sizeof(dtshd_start_code));
    AV_WB16(ctx->hd_buf + sizeof(dtshd_start_code), pkt_size);
    memcpy(ctx->hd_buf + sizeof(dtshd_start_code) + 2, pkt->data, pkt_size);

    return 0;
}

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static int spdif_header_dts(AVFormatContext *s, AVPacket *pkt)
{
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    IEC61937Context *ctx = s->priv_data;
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    uint32_t syncword_dts = AV_RB32(pkt->data);
    int blocks;
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    int sample_rate = 0;
    int core_size = 0;

    if (pkt->size < 9)
        return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
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    switch (syncword_dts) {
    case DCA_MARKER_RAW_BE:
        blocks = (AV_RB16(pkt->data + 4) >> 2) & 0x7f;
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        core_size = ((AV_RB24(pkt->data + 5) >> 4) & 0x3fff) + 1;
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        sample_rate = avpriv_dca_sample_rates[(pkt->data[8] >> 2) & 0x0f];
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        break;
    case DCA_MARKER_RAW_LE:
        blocks = (AV_RL16(pkt->data + 4) >> 2) & 0x7f;
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        ctx->extra_bswap = 1;
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        break;
    case DCA_MARKER_14B_BE:
        blocks =
            (((pkt->data[5] & 0x07) << 4) | ((pkt->data[6] & 0x3f) >> 2));
        break;
    case DCA_MARKER_14B_LE:
        blocks =
            (((pkt->data[4] & 0x07) << 4) | ((pkt->data[7] & 0x3f) >> 2));
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        ctx->extra_bswap = 1;
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        break;
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    case DCA_HD_MARKER:
        /* We only handle HD frames that are paired with core. However,
           sometimes DTS-HD streams with core have a stray HD frame without
           core in the beginning of the stream. */
        av_log(s, AV_LOG_ERROR, "stray DTS-HD frame\n");
        return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
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    default:
        av_log(s, AV_LOG_ERROR, "bad DTS syncword 0x%x\n", syncword_dts);
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        return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
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    }
    blocks++;
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    if (ctx->dtshd_rate)
        /* DTS type IV output requested */
        return spdif_header_dts4(s, pkt, core_size, sample_rate, blocks);

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    switch (blocks) {
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    case  512 >> 5: ctx->data_type = IEC61937_DTS1; break;
    case 1024 >> 5: ctx->data_type = IEC61937_DTS2; break;
    case 2048 >> 5: ctx->data_type = IEC61937_DTS3; break;
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    default:
        av_log(s, AV_LOG_ERROR, "%i samples in DTS frame not supported\n",
               blocks << 5);
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        return AVERROR(ENOSYS);
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    }
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    /* discard extraneous data by default */
    if (core_size && core_size < pkt->size) {
        ctx->out_bytes = core_size;
        ctx->length_code = core_size << 3;
    }

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    ctx->pkt_offset = blocks << 7;

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    if (ctx->out_bytes == ctx->pkt_offset) {
        /* The DTS stream fits exactly into the output stream, so skip the
         * preamble as it would not fit in there. This is the case for dts
         * discs and dts-in-wav. */
        ctx->use_preamble = 0;
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    } else if (ctx->out_bytes > ctx->pkt_offset - BURST_HEADER_SIZE) {
        av_log_ask_for_sample(s, "Unrecognized large DTS frame.");
        /* This will fail with a "bitrate too high" in the caller */
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    }

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    return 0;
}

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static const enum IEC61937DataType mpeg_data_type[2][3] = {
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    //     LAYER1                      LAYER2                  LAYER3
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    { IEC61937_MPEG2_LAYER1_LSF, IEC61937_MPEG2_LAYER2_LSF, IEC61937_MPEG2_LAYER3_LSF },//MPEG2 LSF
    { IEC61937_MPEG1_LAYER1,     IEC61937_MPEG1_LAYER23,    IEC61937_MPEG1_LAYER23 },   //MPEG1
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};

static int spdif_header_mpeg(AVFormatContext *s, AVPacket *pkt)
{
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    IEC61937Context *ctx = s->priv_data;
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    int version =      (pkt->data[1] >> 3) & 3;
    int layer   = 3 - ((pkt->data[1] >> 1) & 3);
    int extension = pkt->data[2] & 1;

    if (layer == 3 || version == 1) {
        av_log(s, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Wrong MPEG file format\n");
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        return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
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    }
    av_log(s, AV_LOG_DEBUG, "version: %i layer: %i extension: %i\n", version, layer, extension);
    if (version == 2 && extension) {
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        ctx->data_type  = IEC61937_MPEG2_EXT;
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        ctx->pkt_offset = 4608;
    } else {
        ctx->data_type  = mpeg_data_type [version & 1][layer];
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        ctx->pkt_offset = spdif_mpeg_pkt_offset[version & 1][layer];
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    }
    // TODO Data type dependant info (normal/karaoke, dynamic range control)
    return 0;
}

static int spdif_header_aac(AVFormatContext *s, AVPacket *pkt)
{
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    IEC61937Context *ctx = s->priv_data;
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    AACADTSHeaderInfo hdr;
    GetBitContext gbc;
    int ret;

    init_get_bits(&gbc, pkt->data, AAC_ADTS_HEADER_SIZE * 8);
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    ret = avpriv_aac_parse_header(&gbc, &hdr);
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    if (ret < 0) {
        av_log(s, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Wrong AAC file format\n");
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        return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
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    }

    ctx->pkt_offset = hdr.samples << 2;
    switch (hdr.num_aac_frames) {
    case 1:
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        ctx->data_type = IEC61937_MPEG2_AAC;
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        break;
    case 2:
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        ctx->data_type = IEC61937_MPEG2_AAC_LSF_2048;
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        break;
    case 4:
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        ctx->data_type = IEC61937_MPEG2_AAC_LSF_4096;
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        break;
    default:
        av_log(s, AV_LOG_ERROR, "%i samples in AAC frame not supported\n",
               hdr.samples);
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        return AVERROR(EINVAL);
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    }
    //TODO Data type dependent info (LC profile/SBR)
    return 0;
}

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/*
 * It seems Dolby TrueHD frames have to be encapsulated in MAT frames before
 * they can be encapsulated in IEC 61937.
 * Here we encapsulate 24 TrueHD frames in a single MAT frame, padding them
 * to achieve constant rate.
 * The actual format of a MAT frame is unknown, but the below seems to work.
 * However, it seems it is not actually necessary for the 24 TrueHD frames to
 * be in an exact alignment with the MAT frame.
 */
#define MAT_FRAME_SIZE          61424
#define TRUEHD_FRAME_OFFSET     2560
#define MAT_MIDDLE_CODE_OFFSET  -4

static int spdif_header_truehd(AVFormatContext *s, AVPacket *pkt)
{
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    IEC61937Context *ctx = s->priv_data;
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    int mat_code_length = 0;
    const char mat_end_code[16] = { 0xC3, 0xC2, 0xC0, 0xC4, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x97, 0x11 };

    if (!ctx->hd_buf_count) {
        const char mat_start_code[20] = { 0x07, 0x9E, 0x00, 0x03, 0x84, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01, 0x80, 0x00, 0x56, 0xA5, 0x3B, 0xF4, 0x81, 0x83, 0x49, 0x80, 0x77, 0xE0 };
        mat_code_length = sizeof(mat_start_code) + BURST_HEADER_SIZE;
        memcpy(ctx->hd_buf, mat_start_code, sizeof(mat_start_code));

    } else if (ctx->hd_buf_count == 12) {
        const char mat_middle_code[12] = { 0xC3, 0xC1, 0x42, 0x49, 0x3B, 0xFA, 0x82, 0x83, 0x49, 0x80, 0x77, 0xE0 };
        mat_code_length = sizeof(mat_middle_code) + MAT_MIDDLE_CODE_OFFSET;
        memcpy(&ctx->hd_buf[12 * TRUEHD_FRAME_OFFSET - BURST_HEADER_SIZE + MAT_MIDDLE_CODE_OFFSET],
               mat_middle_code, sizeof(mat_middle_code));
    }

    if (pkt->size > TRUEHD_FRAME_OFFSET - mat_code_length) {
        /* if such frames exist, we'd need some more complex logic to
         * distribute the TrueHD frames in the MAT frame */
        av_log(s, AV_LOG_ERROR, "TrueHD frame too big, %d bytes\n", pkt->size);
        av_log_ask_for_sample(s, NULL);
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        return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
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    }

    memcpy(&ctx->hd_buf[ctx->hd_buf_count * TRUEHD_FRAME_OFFSET - BURST_HEADER_SIZE + mat_code_length],
           pkt->data, pkt->size);
    memset(&ctx->hd_buf[ctx->hd_buf_count * TRUEHD_FRAME_OFFSET - BURST_HEADER_SIZE + mat_code_length + pkt->size],
           0, TRUEHD_FRAME_OFFSET - pkt->size - mat_code_length);

    if (++ctx->hd_buf_count < 24){
        ctx->pkt_offset = 0;
        return 0;
    }
    memcpy(&ctx->hd_buf[MAT_FRAME_SIZE - sizeof(mat_end_code)], mat_end_code, sizeof(mat_end_code));
    ctx->hd_buf_count = 0;

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    ctx->data_type   = IEC61937_TRUEHD;
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    ctx->pkt_offset  = 61440;
    ctx->out_buf     = ctx->hd_buf;
    ctx->out_bytes   = MAT_FRAME_SIZE;
    ctx->length_code = MAT_FRAME_SIZE;
    return 0;
}

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static int spdif_write_header(AVFormatContext *s)
{
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    IEC61937Context *ctx = s->priv_data;
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    switch (s->streams[0]->codec->codec_id) {
    case CODEC_ID_AC3:
        ctx->header_info = spdif_header_ac3;
        break;
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    case CODEC_ID_EAC3:
        ctx->header_info = spdif_header_eac3;
        break;
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    case CODEC_ID_MP1:
    case CODEC_ID_MP2:
    case CODEC_ID_MP3:
        ctx->header_info = spdif_header_mpeg;
        break;
    case CODEC_ID_DTS:
        ctx->header_info = spdif_header_dts;
        break;
    case CODEC_ID_AAC:
        ctx->header_info = spdif_header_aac;
        break;
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    case CODEC_ID_TRUEHD:
        ctx->header_info = spdif_header_truehd;
        ctx->hd_buf = av_malloc(MAT_FRAME_SIZE);
        if (!ctx->hd_buf)
            return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
        break;
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    default:
        av_log(s, AV_LOG_ERROR, "codec not supported\n");
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        return AVERROR_PATCHWELCOME;
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    }
    return 0;
}

static int spdif_write_trailer(AVFormatContext *s)
{
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    IEC61937Context *ctx = s->priv_data;
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    av_freep(&ctx->buffer);
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    av_freep(&ctx->hd_buf);
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    return 0;
}

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static av_always_inline void spdif_put_16(IEC61937Context *ctx,
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                                          AVIOContext *pb, unsigned int val)
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{
    if (ctx->spdif_flags & SPDIF_FLAG_BIGENDIAN)
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        avio_wb16(pb, val);
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    else
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        avio_wl16(pb, val);
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}

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static int spdif_write_packet(struct AVFormatContext *s, AVPacket *pkt)
{
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    IEC61937Context *ctx = s->priv_data;
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    int ret, padding;

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    ctx->out_buf = pkt->data;
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    ctx->out_bytes = pkt->size;
    ctx->length_code = FFALIGN(pkt->size, 2) << 3;
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    ctx->use_preamble = 1;
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    ctx->extra_bswap = 0;
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    ret = ctx->header_info(s, pkt);
    if (ret < 0)
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        return ret;
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    if (!ctx->pkt_offset)
        return 0;
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    padding = (ctx->pkt_offset - ctx->use_preamble * BURST_HEADER_SIZE - ctx->out_bytes) & ~1;
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    if (padding < 0) {
        av_log(s, AV_LOG_ERROR, "bitrate is too high\n");
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        return AVERROR(EINVAL);
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    }

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    if (ctx->use_preamble) {
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        spdif_put_16(ctx, s->pb, SYNCWORD1);       //Pa
        spdif_put_16(ctx, s->pb, SYNCWORD2);       //Pb
        spdif_put_16(ctx, s->pb, ctx->data_type);  //Pc
        spdif_put_16(ctx, s->pb, ctx->length_code);//Pd
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    }
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    if (ctx->extra_bswap ^ (ctx->spdif_flags & SPDIF_FLAG_BIGENDIAN)) {
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    avio_write(s->pb, ctx->out_buf, ctx->out_bytes & ~1);
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    } else {
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    av_fast_malloc(&ctx->buffer, &ctx->buffer_size, ctx->out_bytes + FF_INPUT_BUFFER_PADDING_SIZE);
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    if (!ctx->buffer)
        return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
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    ff_spdif_bswap_buf16((uint16_t *)ctx->buffer, (uint16_t *)ctx->out_buf, ctx->out_bytes >> 1);
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    avio_write(s->pb, ctx->buffer, ctx->out_bytes & ~1);
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    }
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    /* a final lone byte has to be MSB aligned */
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    if (ctx->out_bytes & 1)
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        spdif_put_16(ctx, s->pb, ctx->out_buf[ctx->out_bytes - 1] << 8);
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    ffio_fill(s->pb, 0, padding);
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    av_log(s, AV_LOG_DEBUG, "type=%x len=%i pkt_offset=%i\n",
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           ctx->data_type, ctx->out_bytes, ctx->pkt_offset);
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    avio_flush(s->pb);
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    return 0;
}

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AVOutputFormat ff_spdif_muxer = {
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    .name              = "spdif",
    .long_name         = NULL_IF_CONFIG_SMALL("IEC 61937 (used on S/PDIF - IEC958)"),
    .extensions        = "spdif",
    .priv_data_size    = sizeof(IEC61937Context),
    .audio_codec       = CODEC_ID_AC3,
    .video_codec       = CODEC_ID_NONE,
    .write_header      = spdif_write_header,
    .write_packet      = spdif_write_packet,
    .write_trailer     = spdif_write_trailer,
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    .flags             = AVFMT_NOTIMESTAMPS,
    .priv_class        = &class,
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};