x11grab.c 14.5 KB
Newer Older
1 2
/*
 * X11 video grab interface
3
 *
4
 * This file is part of Libav.
5
 *
6
 * Libav integration:
7 8
 * Copyright (C) 2006 Clemens Fruhwirth <clemens@endorphin.org>
 *                    Edouard Gomez <ed.gomez@free.fr>
9
 *
10
 * This file contains code from grab.c:
11
 * Copyright (c) 2000-2001 Fabrice Bellard
12 13
 *
 * This file contains code from the xvidcap project:
14 15
 * Copyright (C) 1997-1998 Rasca, Berlin
 *               2003-2004 Karl H. Beckers, Frankfurt
16
 *
17
 * Libav is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
18 19 20 21
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 * (at your option) any later version.
 *
22
 * Libav is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
23 24 25 26
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
27
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
28
 * along with Libav; if not, write to the Free Software
29
 * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
30
 */
31

Edouard Gomez's avatar
Edouard Gomez committed
32
/**
33
 * @file
Edouard Gomez's avatar
Edouard Gomez committed
34 35 36 37
 * X11 frame device demuxer by Clemens Fruhwirth <clemens@endorphin.org>
 * and Edouard Gomez <ed.gomez@free.fr>.
 */

38
#include "config.h"
39
#include "libavformat/avformat.h"
40 41 42 43 44
#include <time.h>
#include <X11/X.h>
#include <X11/Xlib.h>
#include <X11/Xlibint.h>
#include <X11/Xproto.h>
45
#include <X11/Xutil.h>
46 47
#include <sys/shm.h>
#include <X11/extensions/XShm.h>
Roxis's avatar
Roxis committed
48
#include <X11/extensions/Xfixes.h>
49

Edouard Gomez's avatar
Edouard Gomez committed
50 51 52
/**
 * X11 Device Demuxer context
 */
53
struct x11_grab
54
{
Edouard Gomez's avatar
Edouard Gomez committed
55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67
    int frame_size;          /**< Size in bytes of a grabbed frame */
    AVRational time_base;    /**< Time base */
    int64_t time_frame;      /**< Current time */

    int height;              /**< Height of the grab frame */
    int width;               /**< Width of the grab frame */
    int x_off;               /**< Horizontal top-left corner coordinate */
    int y_off;               /**< Vertical top-left corner coordinate */

    Display *dpy;            /**< X11 display from which x11grab grabs frames */
    XImage *image;           /**< X11 image holding the grab */
    int use_shm;             /**< !0 when using XShm extension */
    XShmSegmentInfo shminfo; /**< When using XShm, keeps track of XShm infos */
68
    int nomouse;
69
};
Edouard Gomez's avatar
Edouard Gomez committed
70 71

/**
72
 * Initialize the x11 grab device demuxer (public device demuxer API).
Edouard Gomez's avatar
Edouard Gomez committed
73 74 75 76
 *
 * @param s1 Context from avformat core
 * @param ap Parameters from avformat core
 * @return <ul>
77
 *          <li>AVERROR(ENOMEM) no memory left</li>
78
 *          <li>AVERROR(EIO) other failure case</li>
Edouard Gomez's avatar
Edouard Gomez committed
79 80 81
 *          <li>0 success</li>
 *         </ul>
 */
82 83
static int
x11grab_read_header(AVFormatContext *s1, AVFormatParameters *ap)
84
{
85
    struct x11_grab *x11grab = s1->priv_data;
86 87
    Display *dpy;
    AVStream *st = NULL;
88
    enum PixelFormat input_pixfmt;
89
    XImage *image;
Edouard Gomez's avatar
Edouard Gomez committed
90 91
    int x_off = 0;
    int y_off = 0;
92
    int use_shm;
93
    char *param, *offset;
94

95
    param = av_strdup(s1->filename);
96 97 98
    offset = strchr(param, '+');
    if (offset) {
        sscanf(offset, "%d,%d", &x_off, &y_off);
99
        x11grab->nomouse= strstr(offset, "nomouse");
100 101 102
        *offset= 0;
    }

103
    av_log(s1, AV_LOG_INFO, "device: %s -> display: %s x: %d y: %d width: %d height: %d\n", s1->filename, param, x_off, y_off, ap->width, ap->height);
104 105 106 107

    dpy = XOpenDisplay(param);
    if(!dpy) {
        av_log(s1, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Could not open X display.\n");
108
        return AVERROR(EIO);
109
    }
110

111
    if (ap->width <= 0 || ap->height <= 0 || ap->time_base.den <= 0) {
Benoit Fouet's avatar
Benoit Fouet committed
112
        av_log(s1, AV_LOG_ERROR, "AVParameters don't have video size and/or rate. Use -s and -r.\n");
113
        return AVERROR(EIO);
114 115 116 117
    }

    st = av_new_stream(s1, 0);
    if (!st) {
118
        return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
119 120 121 122
    }
    av_set_pts_info(st, 64, 1, 1000000); /* 64 bits pts in us */

    use_shm = XShmQueryExtension(dpy);
Edouard Gomez's avatar
Edouard Gomez committed
123
    av_log(s1, AV_LOG_INFO, "shared memory extension %s found\n", use_shm ? "" : "not");
124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138

    if(use_shm) {
        int scr = XDefaultScreen(dpy);
        image = XShmCreateImage(dpy,
                                DefaultVisual(dpy, scr),
                                DefaultDepth(dpy, scr),
                                ZPixmap,
                                NULL,
                                &x11grab->shminfo,
                                ap->width, ap->height);
        x11grab->shminfo.shmid = shmget(IPC_PRIVATE,
                                        image->bytes_per_line * image->height,
                                        IPC_CREAT|0777);
        if (x11grab->shminfo.shmid == -1) {
            av_log(s1, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Fatal: Can't get shared memory!\n");
139
            return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
140 141 142 143 144 145 146
        }
        x11grab->shminfo.shmaddr = image->data = shmat(x11grab->shminfo.shmid, 0, 0);
        x11grab->shminfo.readOnly = False;

        if (!XShmAttach(dpy, &x11grab->shminfo)) {
            av_log(s1, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Fatal: Failed to attach shared memory!\n");
            /* needs some better error subroutine :) */
147
            return AVERROR(EIO);
148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157
        }
    } else {
        image = XGetImage(dpy, RootWindow(dpy, DefaultScreen(dpy)),
                          x_off,y_off,
                          ap->width,ap->height,
                          AllPlanes, ZPixmap);
    }

    switch (image->bits_per_pixel) {
    case 8:
Diego Biurrun's avatar
Diego Biurrun committed
158
        av_log (s1, AV_LOG_DEBUG, "8 bit palette\n");
159 160 161
        input_pixfmt = PIX_FMT_PAL8;
        break;
    case 16:
Edouard Gomez's avatar
Edouard Gomez committed
162 163 164
        if (       image->red_mask   == 0xf800 &&
                   image->green_mask == 0x07e0 &&
                   image->blue_mask  == 0x001f ) {
165 166
            av_log (s1, AV_LOG_DEBUG, "16 bit RGB565\n");
            input_pixfmt = PIX_FMT_RGB565;
Edouard Gomez's avatar
Edouard Gomez committed
167 168 169
        } else if (image->red_mask   == 0x7c00 &&
                   image->green_mask == 0x03e0 &&
                   image->blue_mask  == 0x001f ) {
170 171 172 173 174
            av_log(s1, AV_LOG_DEBUG, "16 bit RGB555\n");
            input_pixfmt = PIX_FMT_RGB555;
        } else {
            av_log(s1, AV_LOG_ERROR, "RGB ordering at image depth %i not supported ... aborting\n", image->bits_per_pixel);
            av_log(s1, AV_LOG_ERROR, "color masks: r 0x%.6lx g 0x%.6lx b 0x%.6lx\n", image->red_mask, image->green_mask, image->blue_mask);
175
            return AVERROR(EIO);
176 177 178
        }
        break;
    case 24:
Edouard Gomez's avatar
Edouard Gomez committed
179 180 181
        if (        image->red_mask   == 0xff0000 &&
                    image->green_mask == 0x00ff00 &&
                    image->blue_mask  == 0x0000ff ) {
182
            input_pixfmt = PIX_FMT_BGR24;
Edouard Gomez's avatar
Edouard Gomez committed
183 184 185
        } else if ( image->red_mask   == 0x0000ff &&
                    image->green_mask == 0x00ff00 &&
                    image->blue_mask  == 0xff0000 ) {
186 187 188 189
            input_pixfmt = PIX_FMT_RGB24;
        } else {
            av_log(s1, AV_LOG_ERROR,"rgb ordering at image depth %i not supported ... aborting\n", image->bits_per_pixel);
            av_log(s1, AV_LOG_ERROR, "color masks: r 0x%.6lx g 0x%.6lx b 0x%.6lx\n", image->red_mask, image->green_mask, image->blue_mask);
190
            return AVERROR(EIO);
191 192 193
        }
        break;
    case 32:
194
#if 0
195
        GetColorInfo (image, &c_info);
Edouard Gomez's avatar
Edouard Gomez committed
196
        if ( c_info.alpha_mask == 0xff000000 && image->green_mask == 0x0000ff00) {
197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205
            /* byte order is relevant here, not endianness
             * endianness is handled by avcodec, but atm no such thing
             * as having ABGR, instead of ARGB in a word. Since we
             * need this for Solaris/SPARC, but need to do the conversion
             * for every frame we do it outside of this loop, cf. below
             * this matches both ARGB32 and ABGR32 */
            input_pixfmt = PIX_FMT_ARGB32;
        }  else {
            av_log(s1, AV_LOG_ERROR,"image depth %i not supported ... aborting\n", image->bits_per_pixel);
206
            return AVERROR(EIO);
207
        }
208
#endif
209
        input_pixfmt = PIX_FMT_RGB32;
210 211 212 213 214 215
        break;
    default:
        av_log(s1, AV_LOG_ERROR, "image depth %i not supported ... aborting\n", image->bits_per_pixel);
        return -1;
    }

Edouard Gomez's avatar
Edouard Gomez committed
216
    x11grab->frame_size = ap->width * ap->height * image->bits_per_pixel/8;
217 218 219
    x11grab->dpy = dpy;
    x11grab->width = ap->width;
    x11grab->height = ap->height;
Edouard Gomez's avatar
Edouard Gomez committed
220 221
    x11grab->time_base  = ap->time_base;
    x11grab->time_frame = av_gettime() / av_q2d(ap->time_base);
222 223 224 225 226
    x11grab->x_off = x_off;
    x11grab->y_off = y_off;
    x11grab->image = image;
    x11grab->use_shm = use_shm;

227
    st->codec->codec_type = AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO;
228
    st->codec->codec_id = CODEC_ID_RAWVIDEO;
Edouard Gomez's avatar
Edouard Gomez committed
229 230
    st->codec->width = ap->width;
    st->codec->height = ap->height;
231
    st->codec->pix_fmt = input_pixfmt;
Edouard Gomez's avatar
Edouard Gomez committed
232 233
    st->codec->time_base = ap->time_base;
    st->codec->bit_rate = x11grab->frame_size * 1/av_q2d(ap->time_base) * 8;
234 235

    return 0;
236 237
}

Edouard Gomez's avatar
Edouard Gomez committed
238
/**
239
 * Paint a mouse pointer in an X11 image.
Edouard Gomez's avatar
Edouard Gomez committed
240
 *
Diego Biurrun's avatar
Diego Biurrun committed
241
 * @param image image to paint the mouse pointer to
Edouard Gomez's avatar
Edouard Gomez committed
242 243 244
 * @param s context used to retrieve original grabbing rectangle
 *          coordinates
 */
245
static void
Roxis's avatar
Roxis committed
246
paint_mouse_pointer(XImage *image, struct x11_grab *s)
247
{
248 249 250 251
    int x_off = s->x_off;
    int y_off = s->y_off;
    int width = s->width;
    int height = s->height;
Roxis's avatar
Roxis committed
252 253 254 255 256
    Display *dpy = s->dpy;
    XFixesCursorImage *xcim;
    int x, y;
    int line, column;
    int to_line, to_column;
257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266
    int pixstride = image->bits_per_pixel >> 3;
    /* Warning: in its insanity, xlib provides unsigned image data through a
     * char* pointer, so we have to make it uint8_t to make things not break.
     * Anyone who performs further investigation of the xlib API likely risks
     * permanent brain damage. */
    uint8_t *pix = image->data;

    /* Code doesn't currently support 16-bit or PAL8 */
    if (image->bits_per_pixel != 24 && image->bits_per_pixel != 32)
        return;
267

Carl Eugen Hoyos's avatar
Carl Eugen Hoyos committed
268
    xcim = XFixesGetCursorImage(dpy);
269

Roxis's avatar
Roxis committed
270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277
    x = xcim->x - xcim->xhot;
    y = xcim->y - xcim->yhot;

    to_line = FFMIN((y + xcim->height), (height + y_off));
    to_column = FFMIN((x + xcim->width), (width + x_off));

    for (line = FFMAX(y, y_off); line < to_line; line++) {
        for (column = FFMAX(x, x_off); column < to_column; column++) {
278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293
            int  xcim_addr = (line - y) * xcim->width + column - x;
            int image_addr = ((line - y_off) * width + column - x_off) * pixstride;
            int r = (uint8_t)(xcim->pixels[xcim_addr] >>  0);
            int g = (uint8_t)(xcim->pixels[xcim_addr] >>  8);
            int b = (uint8_t)(xcim->pixels[xcim_addr] >> 16);
            int a = (uint8_t)(xcim->pixels[xcim_addr] >> 24);

            if (a == 255) {
                pix[image_addr+0] = r;
                pix[image_addr+1] = g;
                pix[image_addr+2] = b;
            } else if (a) {
                /* pixel values from XFixesGetCursorImage come premultiplied by alpha */
                pix[image_addr+0] = r + (pix[image_addr+0]*(255-a) + 255/2) / 255;
                pix[image_addr+1] = g + (pix[image_addr+1]*(255-a) + 255/2) / 255;
                pix[image_addr+2] = b + (pix[image_addr+2]*(255-a) + 255/2) / 255;
294
            }
295 296
        }
    }
Roxis's avatar
Roxis committed
297 298 299

    XFree(xcim);
    xcim = NULL;
300 301 302
}


Edouard Gomez's avatar
Edouard Gomez committed
303
/**
304
 * Read new data in the image structure.
Edouard Gomez's avatar
Edouard Gomez committed
305 306
 *
 * @param dpy X11 display to grab from
307
 * @param d
Edouard Gomez's avatar
Edouard Gomez committed
308 309 310 311
 * @param image Image where the grab will be put
 * @param x Top-Left grabbing rectangle horizontal coordinate
 * @param y Top-Left grabbing rectangle vertical coordinate
 * @return 0 if error, !0 if successful
312 313
 */
static int
Edouard Gomez's avatar
Edouard Gomez committed
314
xget_zpixmap(Display *dpy, Drawable d, XImage *image, int x, int y)
315
{
316 317 318 319 320
    xGetImageReply rep;
    xGetImageReq *req;
    long nbytes;

    if (!image) {
Edouard Gomez's avatar
Edouard Gomez committed
321
        return 0;
322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335
    }

    LockDisplay(dpy);
    GetReq(GetImage, req);

    /* First set up the standard stuff in the request */
    req->drawable = d;
    req->x = x;
    req->y = y;
    req->width = image->width;
    req->height = image->height;
    req->planeMask = (unsigned int)AllPlanes;
    req->format = ZPixmap;

Edouard Gomez's avatar
Edouard Gomez committed
336
    if (!_XReply(dpy, (xReply *)&rep, 0, xFalse) || !rep.length) {
337 338
        UnlockDisplay(dpy);
        SyncHandle();
Edouard Gomez's avatar
Edouard Gomez committed
339
        return 0;
340 341 342 343 344 345 346
    }

    nbytes = (long)rep.length << 2;
    _XReadPad(dpy, image->data, nbytes);

    UnlockDisplay(dpy);
    SyncHandle();
Edouard Gomez's avatar
Edouard Gomez committed
347
    return 1;
348 349
}

Edouard Gomez's avatar
Edouard Gomez committed
350
/**
351
 * Grab a frame from x11 (public device demuxer API).
Edouard Gomez's avatar
Edouard Gomez committed
352 353 354 355 356
 *
 * @param s1 Context from avformat core
 * @param pkt Packet holding the brabbed frame
 * @return frame size in bytes
 */
357 358
static int
x11grab_read_packet(AVFormatContext *s1, AVPacket *pkt)
359
{
360
    struct x11_grab *s = s1->priv_data;
361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369
    Display *dpy = s->dpy;
    XImage *image = s->image;
    int x_off = s->x_off;
    int y_off = s->y_off;

    int64_t curtime, delay;
    struct timespec ts;

    /* Calculate the time of the next frame */
370
    s->time_frame += INT64_C(1000000);
371 372 373 374

    /* wait based on the frame rate */
    for(;;) {
        curtime = av_gettime();
Edouard Gomez's avatar
Edouard Gomez committed
375
        delay = s->time_frame * av_q2d(s->time_base) - curtime;
376
        if (delay <= 0) {
377 378
            if (delay < INT64_C(-1000000) * av_q2d(s->time_base)) {
                s->time_frame += INT64_C(1000000);
379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387
            }
            break;
        }
        ts.tv_sec = delay / 1000000;
        ts.tv_nsec = (delay % 1000000) * 1000;
        nanosleep(&ts, NULL);
    }

    if (av_new_packet(pkt, s->frame_size) < 0) {
388
        return AVERROR(EIO);
389 390
    }

Edouard Gomez's avatar
Edouard Gomez committed
391
    pkt->pts = curtime;
392 393 394 395 396 397

    if(s->use_shm) {
        if (!XShmGetImage(dpy, RootWindow(dpy, DefaultScreen(dpy)), image, x_off, y_off, AllPlanes)) {
            av_log (s1, AV_LOG_INFO, "XShmGetImage() failed\n");
        }
    } else {
Edouard Gomez's avatar
Edouard Gomez committed
398
        if (!xget_zpixmap(dpy, RootWindow(dpy, DefaultScreen(dpy)), image, x_off, y_off)) {
399 400 401 402
            av_log (s1, AV_LOG_INFO, "XGetZPixmap() failed\n");
        }
    }

403
    if(!s->nomouse){
Roxis's avatar
Roxis committed
404
        paint_mouse_pointer(image, s);
405 406 407 408 409 410
    }


    /* XXX: avoid memcpy */
    memcpy(pkt->data, image->data, s->frame_size);
    return s->frame_size;
411 412
}

Edouard Gomez's avatar
Edouard Gomez committed
413
/**
414
 * Close x11 frame grabber (public device demuxer API).
Edouard Gomez's avatar
Edouard Gomez committed
415 416 417 418
 *
 * @param s1 Context from avformat core
 * @return 0 success, !0 failure
 */
419 420
static int
x11grab_read_close(AVFormatContext *s1)
421
{
422
    struct x11_grab *x11grab = s1->priv_data;
423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439

    /* Detach cleanly from shared mem */
    if (x11grab->use_shm) {
        XShmDetach(x11grab->dpy, &x11grab->shminfo);
        shmdt(x11grab->shminfo.shmaddr);
        shmctl(x11grab->shminfo.shmid, IPC_RMID, NULL);
    }

    /* Destroy X11 image */
    if (x11grab->image) {
        XDestroyImage(x11grab->image);
        x11grab->image = NULL;
    }

    /* Free X11 display */
    XCloseDisplay(x11grab->dpy);
    return 0;
440 441
}

Edouard Gomez's avatar
Edouard Gomez committed
442
/** x11 grabber device demuxer declaration */
443
AVInputFormat ff_x11_grab_device_demuxer =
444
{
445
    "x11grab",
446
    NULL_IF_CONFIG_SMALL("X11grab"),
447
    sizeof(struct x11_grab),
448 449 450 451 452
    NULL,
    x11grab_read_header,
    x11grab_read_packet,
    x11grab_read_close,
    .flags = AVFMT_NOFILE,
453
};