aac.h 9.74 KB
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/*
 * AAC definitions and structures
 * Copyright (c) 2005-2006 Oded Shimon ( ods15 ods15 dyndns org )
 * Copyright (c) 2006-2007 Maxim Gavrilov ( maxim.gavrilov gmail com )
 *
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 * This file is part of Libav.
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 *
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 * Libav is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
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 * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
 * version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
 *
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 * Libav is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
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 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
 * Lesser General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
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 * License along with Libav; if not, write to the Free Software
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 * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
 */

/**
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 * @file
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 * AAC definitions and structures
 * @author Oded Shimon  ( ods15 ods15 dyndns org )
 * @author Maxim Gavrilov ( maxim.gavrilov gmail com )
 */

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#ifndef AVCODEC_AAC_H
#define AVCODEC_AAC_H
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#include "avcodec.h"
#include "dsputil.h"
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#include "fft.h"
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#include "mpeg4audio.h"
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#include "sbr.h"
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#include "fmtconvert.h"
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#include <stdint.h>

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#define MAX_CHANNELS 64
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#define MAX_ELEM_ID 16
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#define TNS_MAX_ORDER 20
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#define MAX_LTP_LONG_SFB 40
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enum RawDataBlockType {
    TYPE_SCE,
    TYPE_CPE,
    TYPE_CCE,
    TYPE_LFE,
    TYPE_DSE,
    TYPE_PCE,
    TYPE_FIL,
    TYPE_END,
};

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enum ExtensionPayloadID {
    EXT_FILL,
    EXT_FILL_DATA,
    EXT_DATA_ELEMENT,
    EXT_DYNAMIC_RANGE = 0xb,
    EXT_SBR_DATA      = 0xd,
    EXT_SBR_DATA_CRC  = 0xe,
};

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enum WindowSequence {
    ONLY_LONG_SEQUENCE,
    LONG_START_SEQUENCE,
    EIGHT_SHORT_SEQUENCE,
    LONG_STOP_SEQUENCE,
};

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enum BandType {
    ZERO_BT        = 0,     ///< Scalefactors and spectral data are all zero.
    FIRST_PAIR_BT  = 5,     ///< This and later band types encode two values (rather than four) with one code word.
    ESC_BT         = 11,    ///< Spectral data are coded with an escape sequence.
    NOISE_BT       = 13,    ///< Spectral data are scaled white noise not coded in the bitstream.
    INTENSITY_BT2  = 14,    ///< Scalefactor data are intensity stereo positions.
    INTENSITY_BT   = 15,    ///< Scalefactor data are intensity stereo positions.
};

#define IS_CODEBOOK_UNSIGNED(x) ((x - 1) & 10)

enum ChannelPosition {
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    AAC_CHANNEL_OFF   = 0,
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    AAC_CHANNEL_FRONT = 1,
    AAC_CHANNEL_SIDE  = 2,
    AAC_CHANNEL_BACK  = 3,
    AAC_CHANNEL_LFE   = 4,
    AAC_CHANNEL_CC    = 5,
};

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/**
 * The point during decoding at which channel coupling is applied.
 */
enum CouplingPoint {
    BEFORE_TNS,
    BETWEEN_TNS_AND_IMDCT,
    AFTER_IMDCT = 3,
};

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/**
 * Output configuration status
 */
enum OCStatus {
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    OC_NONE,        ///< Output unconfigured
    OC_TRIAL_PCE,   ///< Output configuration under trial specified by an inband PCE
    OC_TRIAL_FRAME, ///< Output configuration under trial specified by a frame header
    OC_GLOBAL_HDR,  ///< Output configuration set in a global header but not yet locked
    OC_LOCKED,      ///< Output configuration locked in place
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};

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/**
 * Predictor State
 */
typedef struct {
    float cor0;
    float cor1;
    float var0;
    float var1;
    float r0;
    float r1;
} PredictorState;

#define MAX_PREDICTORS 672

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#define SCALE_DIV_512    36    ///< scalefactor difference that corresponds to scale difference in 512 times
#define SCALE_ONE_POS   140    ///< scalefactor index that corresponds to scale=1.0
#define SCALE_MAX_POS   255    ///< scalefactor index maximum value
#define SCALE_MAX_DIFF   60    ///< maximum scalefactor difference allowed by standard
#define SCALE_DIFF_ZERO  60    ///< codebook index corresponding to zero scalefactor indices difference
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#define POW_SF2_ZERO    200    ///< ff_aac_pow2sf_tab index corresponding to pow(2, 0);
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/**
 * Long Term Prediction
 */
typedef struct {
    int8_t present;
    int16_t lag;
    float coef;
    int8_t used[MAX_LTP_LONG_SFB];
} LongTermPrediction;

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/**
 * Individual Channel Stream
 */
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typedef struct {
    uint8_t max_sfb;            ///< number of scalefactor bands per group
    enum WindowSequence window_sequence[2];
    uint8_t use_kb_window[2];   ///< If set, use Kaiser-Bessel window, otherwise use a sinus window.
    int num_window_groups;
    uint8_t group_len[8];
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    LongTermPrediction ltp;
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    const uint16_t *swb_offset; ///< table of offsets to the lowest spectral coefficient of a scalefactor band, sfb, for a particular window
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    const uint8_t *swb_sizes;   ///< table of scalefactor band sizes for a particular window
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    int num_swb;                ///< number of scalefactor window bands
    int num_windows;
    int tns_max_bands;
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    int predictor_present;
    int predictor_initialized;
    int predictor_reset_group;
    uint8_t prediction_used[41];
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} IndividualChannelStream;
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/**
 * Temporal Noise Shaping
 */
typedef struct {
    int present;
    int n_filt[8];
    int length[8][4];
    int direction[8][4];
    int order[8][4];
    float coef[8][4][TNS_MAX_ORDER];
} TemporalNoiseShaping;

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/**
 * Dynamic Range Control - decoded from the bitstream but not processed further.
 */
typedef struct {
    int pce_instance_tag;                           ///< Indicates with which program the DRC info is associated.
    int dyn_rng_sgn[17];                            ///< DRC sign information; 0 - positive, 1 - negative
    int dyn_rng_ctl[17];                            ///< DRC magnitude information
    int exclude_mask[MAX_CHANNELS];                 ///< Channels to be excluded from DRC processing.
    int band_incr;                                  ///< Number of DRC bands greater than 1 having DRC info.
    int interpolation_scheme;                       ///< Indicates the interpolation scheme used in the SBR QMF domain.
    int band_top[17];                               ///< Indicates the top of the i-th DRC band in units of 4 spectral lines.
    int prog_ref_level;                             /**< A reference level for the long-term program audio level for all
                                                     *   channels combined.
                                                     */
} DynamicRangeControl;

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typedef struct {
    int num_pulse;
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    int start;
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    int pos[4];
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    int amp[4];
} Pulse;

/**
 * coupling parameters
 */
typedef struct {
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    enum CouplingPoint coupling_point;  ///< The point during decoding at which coupling is applied.
    int num_coupled;       ///< number of target elements
    enum RawDataBlockType type[8];   ///< Type of channel element to be coupled - SCE or CPE.
    int id_select[8];      ///< element id
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    int ch_select[8];      /**< [0] shared list of gains; [1] list of gains for right channel;
                            *   [2] list of gains for left channel; [3] lists of gains for both channels
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                            */
    float gain[16][120];
} ChannelCoupling;

/**
 * Single Channel Element - used for both SCE and LFE elements.
 */
typedef struct {
    IndividualChannelStream ics;
    TemporalNoiseShaping tns;
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    Pulse pulse;
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    enum BandType band_type[128];                   ///< band types
    int band_type_run_end[120];                     ///< band type run end points
    float sf[120];                                  ///< scalefactors
    int sf_idx[128];                                ///< scalefactor indices (used by encoder)
    uint8_t zeroes[128];                            ///< band is not coded (used by encoder)
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    DECLARE_ALIGNED(32, float,   coeffs)[1024];     ///< coefficients for IMDCT
    DECLARE_ALIGNED(32, float,   saved)[1024];      ///< overlap
    DECLARE_ALIGNED(32, float,   ret)[2048];        ///< PCM output
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    DECLARE_ALIGNED(16, float,   ltp_state)[3072];  ///< time signal for LTP
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    PredictorState predictor_state[MAX_PREDICTORS];
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} SingleChannelElement;

/**
 * channel element - generic struct for SCE/CPE/CCE/LFE
 */
typedef struct {
    // CPE specific
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    int common_window;        ///< Set if channels share a common 'IndividualChannelStream' in bitstream.
    int     ms_mode;          ///< Signals mid/side stereo flags coding mode (used by encoder)
    uint8_t ms_mask[128];     ///< Set if mid/side stereo is used for each scalefactor window band
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    // shared
    SingleChannelElement ch[2];
    // CCE specific
    ChannelCoupling coup;
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    SpectralBandReplication sbr;
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} ChannelElement;
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/**
 * main AAC context
 */
typedef struct {
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    AVCodecContext *avctx;
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    AVFrame frame;
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    MPEG4AudioConfig m4ac;

    int is_saved;                 ///< Set if elements have stored overlap from previous frame.
    DynamicRangeControl che_drc;

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    /**
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     * @name Channel element related data
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     * @{
     */
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    enum ChannelPosition che_pos[4][MAX_ELEM_ID]; /**< channel element channel mapping with the
                                                   *   first index as the first 4 raw data block types
                                                   */
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    ChannelElement          *che[4][MAX_ELEM_ID];
    ChannelElement  *tag_che_map[4][MAX_ELEM_ID];
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    int tags_mapped;
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    /** @} */
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    /**
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     * @name temporary aligned temporary buffers
     * (We do not want to have these on the stack.)
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     * @{
     */
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    DECLARE_ALIGNED(32, float, buf_mdct)[1024];
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    /** @} */

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    /**
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     * @name Computed / set up during initialization
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     * @{
     */
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    FFTContext mdct;
    FFTContext mdct_small;
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    FFTContext mdct_ltp;
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    DSPContext dsp;
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    FmtConvertContext fmt_conv;
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    int random_state;
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    /** @} */

    /**
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     * @name Members used for output interleaving
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     * @{
     */
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    float *output_data[MAX_CHANNELS];                 ///< Points to each element's 'ret' buffer (PCM output).
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    /** @} */

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    DECLARE_ALIGNED(32, float, temp)[128];
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    enum OCStatus output_configured;
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} AACContext;

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#endif /* AVCODEC_AAC_H */