bitstream.h 25.5 KB
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/*
 * copyright (c) 2004 Michael Niedermayer <michaelni@gmx.at>
 *
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 * This file is part of FFmpeg.
 *
 * FFmpeg is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
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 * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
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 * version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
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 *
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 * FFmpeg is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
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 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
 * Lesser General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
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 * License along with FFmpeg; if not, write to the Free Software
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 * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
 */

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/**
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 * @file libavcodec/bitstream.h
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 * bitstream api header.
 */

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#ifndef AVCODEC_BITSTREAM_H
#define AVCODEC_BITSTREAM_H
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#include <stdint.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <assert.h>
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#include "libavutil/bswap.h"
#include "libavutil/common.h"
#include "libavutil/intreadwrite.h"
#include "libavutil/log.h"
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#include "mathops.h"
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#if defined(ALT_BITSTREAM_READER_LE) && !defined(ALT_BITSTREAM_READER)
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#   define ALT_BITSTREAM_READER
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#endif

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//#define ALT_BITSTREAM_WRITER
//#define ALIGNED_BITSTREAM_WRITER
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#if !defined(LIBMPEG2_BITSTREAM_READER) && !defined(A32_BITSTREAM_READER) && !defined(ALT_BITSTREAM_READER)
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#   if ARCH_ARM
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#       define A32_BITSTREAM_READER
#   else
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#       define ALT_BITSTREAM_READER
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//#define LIBMPEG2_BITSTREAM_READER
//#define A32_BITSTREAM_READER
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#   endif
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#endif
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extern const uint8_t ff_reverse[256];

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#if ARCH_X86
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// avoid +32 for shift optimization (gcc should do that ...)
static inline  int32_t NEG_SSR32( int32_t a, int8_t s){
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    __asm__ ("sarl %1, %0\n\t"
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         : "+r" (a)
         : "ic" ((uint8_t)(-s))
    );
    return a;
}
static inline uint32_t NEG_USR32(uint32_t a, int8_t s){
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    __asm__ ("shrl %1, %0\n\t"
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         : "+r" (a)
         : "ic" ((uint8_t)(-s))
    );
    return a;
}
#else
#    define NEG_SSR32(a,s) ((( int32_t)(a))>>(32-(s)))
#    define NEG_USR32(a,s) (((uint32_t)(a))>>(32-(s)))
#endif

/* bit output */

/* buf and buf_end must be present and used by every alternative writer. */
typedef struct PutBitContext {
#ifdef ALT_BITSTREAM_WRITER
    uint8_t *buf, *buf_end;
    int index;
#else
    uint32_t bit_buf;
    int bit_left;
    uint8_t *buf, *buf_ptr, *buf_end;
#endif
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    int size_in_bits;
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} PutBitContext;

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/**
 * Initializes the PutBitContext \p s.
 *
 * @param buffer the buffer where to put bits
 * @param buffer_size the size in bytes of \p buffer
 */
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static inline void init_put_bits(PutBitContext *s, uint8_t *buffer, int buffer_size)
{
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    if(buffer_size < 0) {
        buffer_size = 0;
        buffer = NULL;
    }
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    s->size_in_bits= 8*buffer_size;
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    s->buf = buffer;
    s->buf_end = s->buf + buffer_size;
#ifdef ALT_BITSTREAM_WRITER
    s->index=0;
    ((uint32_t*)(s->buf))[0]=0;
//    memset(buffer, 0, buffer_size);
#else
    s->buf_ptr = s->buf;
    s->bit_left=32;
    s->bit_buf=0;
#endif
}

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/**
 * Returns the number of bits output.
 */
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static inline int put_bits_count(PutBitContext *s)
{
#ifdef ALT_BITSTREAM_WRITER
    return s->index;
#else
    return (s->buf_ptr - s->buf) * 8 + 32 - s->bit_left;
#endif
}

/* pad the end of the output stream with zeros */
static inline void flush_put_bits(PutBitContext *s)
{
#ifdef ALT_BITSTREAM_WRITER
    align_put_bits(s);
#else
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#ifndef BITSTREAM_WRITER_LE
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    s->bit_buf<<= s->bit_left;
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#endif
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    while (s->bit_left < 32) {
        /* XXX: should test end of buffer */
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#ifdef BITSTREAM_WRITER_LE
        *s->buf_ptr++=s->bit_buf;
        s->bit_buf>>=8;
#else
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        *s->buf_ptr++=s->bit_buf >> 24;
        s->bit_buf<<=8;
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#endif
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        s->bit_left+=8;
    }
    s->bit_left=32;
    s->bit_buf=0;
#endif
}

void align_put_bits(PutBitContext *s);
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void ff_put_string(PutBitContext * pbc, const char *s, int put_zero);
void ff_copy_bits(PutBitContext *pb, const uint8_t *src, int length);
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/* bit input */
/* buffer, buffer_end and size_in_bits must be present and used by every reader */
typedef struct GetBitContext {
    const uint8_t *buffer, *buffer_end;
#ifdef ALT_BITSTREAM_READER
    int index;
#elif defined LIBMPEG2_BITSTREAM_READER
    uint8_t *buffer_ptr;
    uint32_t cache;
    int bit_count;
#elif defined A32_BITSTREAM_READER
    uint32_t *buffer_ptr;
    uint32_t cache0;
    uint32_t cache1;
    int bit_count;
#endif
    int size_in_bits;
} GetBitContext;

#define VLC_TYPE int16_t

typedef struct VLC {
    int bits;
    VLC_TYPE (*table)[2]; ///< code, bits
    int table_size, table_allocated;
} VLC;

typedef struct RL_VLC_ELEM {
    int16_t level;
    int8_t len;
    uint8_t run;
} RL_VLC_ELEM;

#ifndef ALT_BITSTREAM_WRITER
static inline void put_bits(PutBitContext *s, int n, unsigned int value)
{
    unsigned int bit_buf;
    int bit_left;

    //    printf("put_bits=%d %x\n", n, value);
    assert(n == 32 || value < (1U << n));
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    bit_buf = s->bit_buf;
    bit_left = s->bit_left;

    //    printf("n=%d value=%x cnt=%d buf=%x\n", n, value, bit_cnt, bit_buf);
    /* XXX: optimize */
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#ifdef BITSTREAM_WRITER_LE
    bit_buf |= value << (32 - bit_left);
    if (n >= bit_left) {
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#if !HAVE_FAST_UNALIGNED
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        if (3 & (intptr_t) s->buf_ptr) {
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            AV_WL32(s->buf_ptr, bit_buf);
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        } else
#endif
        *(uint32_t *)s->buf_ptr = le2me_32(bit_buf);
        s->buf_ptr+=4;
        bit_buf = (bit_left==32)?0:value >> bit_left;
        bit_left+=32;
    }
    bit_left-=n;
#else
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    if (n < bit_left) {
        bit_buf = (bit_buf<<n) | value;
        bit_left-=n;
    } else {
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        bit_buf<<=bit_left;
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        bit_buf |= value >> (n - bit_left);
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#if !HAVE_FAST_UNALIGNED
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        if (3 & (intptr_t) s->buf_ptr) {
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            AV_WB32(s->buf_ptr, bit_buf);
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        } else
#endif
        *(uint32_t *)s->buf_ptr = be2me_32(bit_buf);
        //printf("bitbuf = %08x\n", bit_buf);
        s->buf_ptr+=4;
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        bit_left+=32 - n;
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        bit_buf = value;
    }
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#endif
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    s->bit_buf = bit_buf;
    s->bit_left = bit_left;
}
#endif


#ifdef ALT_BITSTREAM_WRITER
static inline void put_bits(PutBitContext *s, int n, unsigned int value)
{
#    ifdef ALIGNED_BITSTREAM_WRITER
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#        if ARCH_X86
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    __asm__ volatile(
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        "movl %0, %%ecx                 \n\t"
        "xorl %%eax, %%eax              \n\t"
        "shrdl %%cl, %1, %%eax          \n\t"
        "shrl %%cl, %1                  \n\t"
        "movl %0, %%ecx                 \n\t"
        "shrl $3, %%ecx                 \n\t"
        "andl $0xFFFFFFFC, %%ecx        \n\t"
        "bswapl %1                      \n\t"
        "orl %1, (%2, %%ecx)            \n\t"
        "bswapl %%eax                   \n\t"
        "addl %3, %0                    \n\t"
        "movl %%eax, 4(%2, %%ecx)       \n\t"
        : "=&r" (s->index), "=&r" (value)
        : "r" (s->buf), "r" (n), "0" (s->index), "1" (value<<(-n))
        : "%eax", "%ecx"
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    );
#        else
    int index= s->index;
    uint32_t *ptr= ((uint32_t *)s->buf)+(index>>5);
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    value<<= 32-n;

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    ptr[0] |= be2me_32(value>>(index&31));
    ptr[1]  = be2me_32(value<<(32-(index&31)));
//if(n>24) printf("%d %d\n", n, value);
    index+= n;
    s->index= index;
#        endif
#    else //ALIGNED_BITSTREAM_WRITER
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#        if ARCH_X86
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    __asm__ volatile(
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        "movl $7, %%ecx                 \n\t"
        "andl %0, %%ecx                 \n\t"
        "addl %3, %%ecx                 \n\t"
        "negl %%ecx                     \n\t"
        "shll %%cl, %1                  \n\t"
        "bswapl %1                      \n\t"
        "movl %0, %%ecx                 \n\t"
        "shrl $3, %%ecx                 \n\t"
        "orl %1, (%%ecx, %2)            \n\t"
        "addl %3, %0                    \n\t"
        "movl $0, 4(%%ecx, %2)          \n\t"
        : "=&r" (s->index), "=&r" (value)
        : "r" (s->buf), "r" (n), "0" (s->index), "1" (value)
        : "%ecx"
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    );
#        else
    int index= s->index;
    uint32_t *ptr= (uint32_t*)(((uint8_t *)s->buf)+(index>>3));
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    ptr[0] |= be2me_32(value<<(32-n-(index&7) ));
    ptr[1] = 0;
//if(n>24) printf("%d %d\n", n, value);
    index+= n;
    s->index= index;
#        endif
#    endif //!ALIGNED_BITSTREAM_WRITER
}
#endif

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static inline void put_sbits(PutBitContext *pb, int bits, int32_t val)
{
    assert(bits >= 0 && bits <= 31);

    put_bits(pb, bits, val & ((1<<bits)-1));
}

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static inline uint8_t* pbBufPtr(PutBitContext *s)
{
#ifdef ALT_BITSTREAM_WRITER
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        return s->buf + (s->index>>3);
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#else
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        return s->buf_ptr;
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#endif
}

/**
 *
 * PutBitContext must be flushed & aligned to a byte boundary before calling this.
 */
static inline void skip_put_bytes(PutBitContext *s, int n){
        assert((put_bits_count(s)&7)==0);
#ifdef ALT_BITSTREAM_WRITER
        FIXME may need some cleaning of the buffer
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        s->index += n<<3;
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#else
        assert(s->bit_left==32);
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        s->buf_ptr += n;
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#endif
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}

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/**
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 * Skips the given number of bits.
 * Must only be used if the actual values in the bitstream do not matter.
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 * If \p n is 0 the behavior is undefined.
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 */
static inline void skip_put_bits(PutBitContext *s, int n){
#ifdef ALT_BITSTREAM_WRITER
    s->index += n;
#else
    s->bit_left -= n;
    s->buf_ptr-= s->bit_left>>5;
    s->bit_left &= 31;
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#endif
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}

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/**
 * Changes the end of the buffer.
 */
static inline void set_put_bits_buffer_size(PutBitContext *s, int size){
    s->buf_end= s->buf + size;
}

/* Bitstream reader API docs:
name
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    arbitrary name which is used as prefix for the internal variables
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gb
    getbitcontext

OPEN_READER(name, gb)
    loads gb into local variables

CLOSE_READER(name, gb)
    stores local vars in gb

UPDATE_CACHE(name, gb)
    refills the internal cache from the bitstream
    after this call at least MIN_CACHE_BITS will be available,

GET_CACHE(name, gb)
    will output the contents of the internal cache, next bit is MSB of 32 or 64 bit (FIXME 64bit)

SHOW_UBITS(name, gb, num)
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    will return the next num bits
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SHOW_SBITS(name, gb, num)
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    will return the next num bits and do sign extension
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SKIP_BITS(name, gb, num)
    will skip over the next num bits
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    note, this is equivalent to SKIP_CACHE; SKIP_COUNTER
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SKIP_CACHE(name, gb, num)
    will remove the next num bits from the cache (note SKIP_COUNTER MUST be called before UPDATE_CACHE / CLOSE_READER)

SKIP_COUNTER(name, gb, num)
    will increment the internal bit counter (see SKIP_CACHE & SKIP_BITS)

LAST_SKIP_CACHE(name, gb, num)
    will remove the next num bits from the cache if it is needed for UPDATE_CACHE otherwise it will do nothing

LAST_SKIP_BITS(name, gb, num)
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    is equivalent to SKIP_LAST_CACHE; SKIP_COUNTER
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for examples see get_bits, show_bits, skip_bits, get_vlc
*/

#ifdef ALT_BITSTREAM_READER
#   define MIN_CACHE_BITS 25

#   define OPEN_READER(name, gb)\
        int name##_index= (gb)->index;\
        int name##_cache= 0;\

#   define CLOSE_READER(name, gb)\
        (gb)->index= name##_index;\

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# ifdef ALT_BITSTREAM_READER_LE
#   define UPDATE_CACHE(name, gb)\
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        name##_cache= AV_RL32( ((const uint8_t *)(gb)->buffer)+(name##_index>>3) ) >> (name##_index&0x07);\
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#   define SKIP_CACHE(name, gb, num)\
        name##_cache >>= (num);
# else
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#   define UPDATE_CACHE(name, gb)\
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        name##_cache= AV_RB32( ((const uint8_t *)(gb)->buffer)+(name##_index>>3) ) << (name##_index&0x07);\
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#   define SKIP_CACHE(name, gb, num)\
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        name##_cache <<= (num);
# endif
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// FIXME name?
#   define SKIP_COUNTER(name, gb, num)\
        name##_index += (num);\

#   define SKIP_BITS(name, gb, num)\
        {\
            SKIP_CACHE(name, gb, num)\
            SKIP_COUNTER(name, gb, num)\
        }\

#   define LAST_SKIP_BITS(name, gb, num) SKIP_COUNTER(name, gb, num)
#   define LAST_SKIP_CACHE(name, gb, num) ;

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# ifdef ALT_BITSTREAM_READER_LE
#   define SHOW_UBITS(name, gb, num)\
        ((name##_cache) & (NEG_USR32(0xffffffff,num)))
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#   define SHOW_SBITS(name, gb, num)\
        NEG_SSR32((name##_cache)<<(32-(num)), num)
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# else
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#   define SHOW_UBITS(name, gb, num)\
        NEG_USR32(name##_cache, num)

#   define SHOW_SBITS(name, gb, num)\
        NEG_SSR32(name##_cache, num)
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# endif
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#   define GET_CACHE(name, gb)\
        ((uint32_t)name##_cache)

static inline int get_bits_count(GetBitContext *s){
    return s->index;
}
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static inline void skip_bits_long(GetBitContext *s, int n){
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    s->index += n;
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}

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#elif defined LIBMPEG2_BITSTREAM_READER
//libmpeg2 like reader

#   define MIN_CACHE_BITS 17

#   define OPEN_READER(name, gb)\
        int name##_bit_count=(gb)->bit_count;\
        int name##_cache= (gb)->cache;\
        uint8_t * name##_buffer_ptr=(gb)->buffer_ptr;\

#   define CLOSE_READER(name, gb)\
        (gb)->bit_count= name##_bit_count;\
        (gb)->cache= name##_cache;\
        (gb)->buffer_ptr= name##_buffer_ptr;\

#   define UPDATE_CACHE(name, gb)\
    if(name##_bit_count >= 0){\
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        name##_cache+= AV_RB16(name##_buffer_ptr) << name##_bit_count; \
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        name##_buffer_ptr+=2;\
        name##_bit_count-= 16;\
    }\

#   define SKIP_CACHE(name, gb, num)\
        name##_cache <<= (num);\

#   define SKIP_COUNTER(name, gb, num)\
        name##_bit_count += (num);\

#   define SKIP_BITS(name, gb, num)\
        {\
            SKIP_CACHE(name, gb, num)\
            SKIP_COUNTER(name, gb, num)\
        }\

#   define LAST_SKIP_BITS(name, gb, num) SKIP_BITS(name, gb, num)
#   define LAST_SKIP_CACHE(name, gb, num) SKIP_CACHE(name, gb, num)

#   define SHOW_UBITS(name, gb, num)\
        NEG_USR32(name##_cache, num)

#   define SHOW_SBITS(name, gb, num)\
        NEG_SSR32(name##_cache, num)

#   define GET_CACHE(name, gb)\
        ((uint32_t)name##_cache)

static inline int get_bits_count(GetBitContext *s){
    return (s->buffer_ptr - s->buffer)*8 - 16 + s->bit_count;
}

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static inline void skip_bits_long(GetBitContext *s, int n){
    OPEN_READER(re, s)
    re_bit_count += n;
    re_buffer_ptr += 2*(re_bit_count>>4);
    re_bit_count &= 15;
    re_cache = ((re_buffer_ptr[-2]<<8) + re_buffer_ptr[-1]) << (16+re_bit_count);
    UPDATE_CACHE(re, s)
    CLOSE_READER(re, s)
}

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#elif defined A32_BITSTREAM_READER

#   define MIN_CACHE_BITS 32

#   define OPEN_READER(name, gb)\
        int name##_bit_count=(gb)->bit_count;\
        uint32_t name##_cache0= (gb)->cache0;\
        uint32_t name##_cache1= (gb)->cache1;\
        uint32_t * name##_buffer_ptr=(gb)->buffer_ptr;\

#   define CLOSE_READER(name, gb)\
        (gb)->bit_count= name##_bit_count;\
        (gb)->cache0= name##_cache0;\
        (gb)->cache1= name##_cache1;\
        (gb)->buffer_ptr= name##_buffer_ptr;\

#   define UPDATE_CACHE(name, gb)\
    if(name##_bit_count > 0){\
        const uint32_t next= be2me_32( *name##_buffer_ptr );\
        name##_cache0 |= NEG_USR32(next,name##_bit_count);\
        name##_cache1 |= next<<name##_bit_count;\
        name##_buffer_ptr++;\
        name##_bit_count-= 32;\
    }\

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#if ARCH_X86
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#   define SKIP_CACHE(name, gb, num)\
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        __asm__(\
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            "shldl %2, %1, %0          \n\t"\
            "shll %2, %1               \n\t"\
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            : "+r" (name##_cache0), "+r" (name##_cache1)\
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            : "Ic" ((uint8_t)(num))\
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           );
#else
#   define SKIP_CACHE(name, gb, num)\
        name##_cache0 <<= (num);\
        name##_cache0 |= NEG_USR32(name##_cache1,num);\
        name##_cache1 <<= (num);
#endif

#   define SKIP_COUNTER(name, gb, num)\
        name##_bit_count += (num);\

#   define SKIP_BITS(name, gb, num)\
        {\
            SKIP_CACHE(name, gb, num)\
            SKIP_COUNTER(name, gb, num)\
        }\

#   define LAST_SKIP_BITS(name, gb, num) SKIP_BITS(name, gb, num)
#   define LAST_SKIP_CACHE(name, gb, num) SKIP_CACHE(name, gb, num)

#   define SHOW_UBITS(name, gb, num)\
        NEG_USR32(name##_cache0, num)

#   define SHOW_SBITS(name, gb, num)\
        NEG_SSR32(name##_cache0, num)

#   define GET_CACHE(name, gb)\
        (name##_cache0)

static inline int get_bits_count(GetBitContext *s){
    return ((uint8_t*)s->buffer_ptr - s->buffer)*8 - 32 + s->bit_count;
}

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static inline void skip_bits_long(GetBitContext *s, int n){
    OPEN_READER(re, s)
    re_bit_count += n;
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    re_buffer_ptr += re_bit_count>>5;
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    re_bit_count &= 31;
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    re_cache0 = be2me_32( re_buffer_ptr[-1] ) << re_bit_count;
    re_cache1 = 0;
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    UPDATE_CACHE(re, s)
    CLOSE_READER(re, s)
}

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#endif

/**
 * read mpeg1 dc style vlc (sign bit + mantisse with no MSB).
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 * if MSB not set it is negative
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 * @param n length in bits
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 * @author BERO
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 */
static inline int get_xbits(GetBitContext *s, int n){
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    register int sign;
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    register int32_t cache;
    OPEN_READER(re, s)
    UPDATE_CACHE(re, s)
    cache = GET_CACHE(re,s);
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    sign=(~cache)>>31;
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    LAST_SKIP_BITS(re, s, n)
    CLOSE_READER(re, s)
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    return (NEG_USR32(sign ^ cache, n) ^ sign) - sign;
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}

static inline int get_sbits(GetBitContext *s, int n){
    register int tmp;
    OPEN_READER(re, s)
    UPDATE_CACHE(re, s)
    tmp= SHOW_SBITS(re, s, n);
    LAST_SKIP_BITS(re, s, n)
    CLOSE_READER(re, s)
    return tmp;
}

/**
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 * reads 1-17 bits.
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 * Note, the alt bitstream reader can read up to 25 bits, but the libmpeg2 reader can't
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 */
static inline unsigned int get_bits(GetBitContext *s, int n){
    register int tmp;
    OPEN_READER(re, s)
    UPDATE_CACHE(re, s)
    tmp= SHOW_UBITS(re, s, n);
    LAST_SKIP_BITS(re, s, n)
    CLOSE_READER(re, s)
    return tmp;
}

/**
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 * shows 1-17 bits.
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 * Note, the alt bitstream reader can read up to 25 bits, but the libmpeg2 reader can't
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 */
static inline unsigned int show_bits(GetBitContext *s, int n){
    register int tmp;
    OPEN_READER(re, s)
    UPDATE_CACHE(re, s)
    tmp= SHOW_UBITS(re, s, n);
//    CLOSE_READER(re, s)
    return tmp;
}

static inline void skip_bits(GetBitContext *s, int n){
 //Note gcc seems to optimize this to s->index+=n for the ALT_READER :))
    OPEN_READER(re, s)
    UPDATE_CACHE(re, s)
    LAST_SKIP_BITS(re, s, n)
    CLOSE_READER(re, s)
}

static inline unsigned int get_bits1(GetBitContext *s){
#ifdef ALT_BITSTREAM_READER
    int index= s->index;
    uint8_t result= s->buffer[ index>>3 ];
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#ifdef ALT_BITSTREAM_READER_LE
    result>>= (index&0x07);
    result&= 1;
#else
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    result<<= (index&0x07);
    result>>= 8 - 1;
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#endif
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    index++;
    s->index= index;

    return result;
#else
    return get_bits(s, 1);
#endif
}

static inline unsigned int show_bits1(GetBitContext *s){
    return show_bits(s, 1);
}

static inline void skip_bits1(GetBitContext *s){
    skip_bits(s, 1);
}

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/**
 * reads 0-32 bits.
 */
static inline unsigned int get_bits_long(GetBitContext *s, int n){
    if(n<=17) return get_bits(s, n);
    else{
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#ifdef ALT_BITSTREAM_READER_LE
        int ret= get_bits(s, 16);
        return ret | (get_bits(s, n-16) << 16);
#else
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        int ret= get_bits(s, 16) << (n-16);
        return ret | get_bits(s, n-16);
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#endif
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    }
}

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/**
 * reads 0-32 bits as a signed integer.
 */
static inline int get_sbits_long(GetBitContext *s, int n) {
    return sign_extend(get_bits_long(s, n), n);
}

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/**
 * shows 0-32 bits.
 */
static inline unsigned int show_bits_long(GetBitContext *s, int n){
    if(n<=17) return show_bits(s, n);
    else{
        GetBitContext gb= *s;
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        return get_bits_long(&gb, n);
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    }
}

static inline int check_marker(GetBitContext *s, const char *msg)
{
    int bit= get_bits1(s);
    if(!bit)
        av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_INFO, "Marker bit missing %s\n", msg);

    return bit;
}

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/**
 * init GetBitContext.
 * @param buffer bitstream buffer, must be FF_INPUT_BUFFER_PADDING_SIZE bytes larger then the actual read bits
 * because some optimized bitstream readers read 32 or 64 bit at once and could read over the end
 * @param bit_size the size of the buffer in bits
 */
static inline void init_get_bits(GetBitContext *s,
                   const uint8_t *buffer, int bit_size)
{
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    int buffer_size= (bit_size+7)>>3;
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    if(buffer_size < 0 || bit_size < 0) {
        buffer_size = bit_size = 0;
        buffer = NULL;
    }
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    s->buffer= buffer;
    s->size_in_bits= bit_size;
    s->buffer_end= buffer + buffer_size;
#ifdef ALT_BITSTREAM_READER
    s->index=0;
#elif defined LIBMPEG2_BITSTREAM_READER
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    s->buffer_ptr = (uint8_t*)((intptr_t)buffer&(~1));
    s->bit_count = 16 + 8*((intptr_t)buffer&1);
    skip_bits_long(s, 0);
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#elif defined A32_BITSTREAM_READER
    s->buffer_ptr = (uint32_t*)((intptr_t)buffer&(~3));
    s->bit_count = 32 + 8*((intptr_t)buffer&3);
    skip_bits_long(s, 0);
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#endif
}

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static inline void align_get_bits(GetBitContext *s)
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{
    int n= (-get_bits_count(s)) & 7;
    if(n) skip_bits(s, n);
}

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#define init_vlc(vlc, nb_bits, nb_codes,\
                 bits, bits_wrap, bits_size,\
                 codes, codes_wrap, codes_size,\
                 flags)\
        init_vlc_sparse(vlc, nb_bits, nb_codes,\
                 bits, bits_wrap, bits_size,\
                 codes, codes_wrap, codes_size,\
                 NULL, 0, 0, flags)

int init_vlc_sparse(VLC *vlc, int nb_bits, int nb_codes,
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             const void *bits, int bits_wrap, int bits_size,
             const void *codes, int codes_wrap, int codes_size,
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             const void *symbols, int symbols_wrap, int symbols_size,
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             int flags);
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#define INIT_VLC_USE_STATIC 1 ///< VERY strongly deprecated and forbidden
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#define INIT_VLC_LE         2
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#define INIT_VLC_USE_NEW_STATIC 4
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void free_vlc(VLC *vlc);

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#define INIT_VLC_STATIC(vlc, bits, a,b,c,d,e,f,g, static_size)\
{\
    static VLC_TYPE table[static_size][2];\
    (vlc)->table= table;\
    (vlc)->table_allocated= static_size;\
    init_vlc(vlc, bits, a,b,c,d,e,f,g, INIT_VLC_USE_NEW_STATIC);\
}


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/**
 *
 * if the vlc code is invalid and max_depth=1 than no bits will be removed
 * if the vlc code is invalid and max_depth>1 than the number of bits removed
 * is undefined
 */
#define GET_VLC(code, name, gb, table, bits, max_depth)\
{\
    int n, index, nb_bits;\
\
    index= SHOW_UBITS(name, gb, bits);\
    code = table[index][0];\
    n    = table[index][1];\
\
    if(max_depth > 1 && n < 0){\
        LAST_SKIP_BITS(name, gb, bits)\
        UPDATE_CACHE(name, gb)\
\
        nb_bits = -n;\
\
        index= SHOW_UBITS(name, gb, nb_bits) + code;\
        code = table[index][0];\
        n    = table[index][1];\
        if(max_depth > 2 && n < 0){\
            LAST_SKIP_BITS(name, gb, nb_bits)\
            UPDATE_CACHE(name, gb)\
\
            nb_bits = -n;\
\
            index= SHOW_UBITS(name, gb, nb_bits) + code;\
            code = table[index][0];\
            n    = table[index][1];\
        }\
    }\
    SKIP_BITS(name, gb, n)\
}

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#define GET_RL_VLC(level, run, name, gb, table, bits, max_depth, need_update)\
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{\
    int n, index, nb_bits;\
\
    index= SHOW_UBITS(name, gb, bits);\
    level = table[index].level;\
    n     = table[index].len;\
\
    if(max_depth > 1 && n < 0){\
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        SKIP_BITS(name, gb, bits)\
        if(need_update){\
            UPDATE_CACHE(name, gb)\
        }\
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\
        nb_bits = -n;\
\
        index= SHOW_UBITS(name, gb, nb_bits) + level;\
        level = table[index].level;\
        n     = table[index].len;\
    }\
    run= table[index].run;\
    SKIP_BITS(name, gb, n)\
}


/**
 * parses a vlc code, faster then get_vlc()
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 * @param bits is the number of bits which will be read at once, must be
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 *             identical to nb_bits in init_vlc()
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 * @param max_depth is the number of times bits bits must be read to completely
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 *                  read the longest vlc code
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 *                  = (max_vlc_length + bits - 1) / bits
 */
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static av_always_inline int get_vlc2(GetBitContext *s, VLC_TYPE (*table)[2],
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                                  int bits, int max_depth)
{
    int code;
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    OPEN_READER(re, s)
    UPDATE_CACHE(re, s)

    GET_VLC(code, re, s, table, bits, max_depth)

    CLOSE_READER(re, s)
    return code;
}

//#define TRACE

#ifdef TRACE
static inline void print_bin(int bits, int n){
    int i;
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    for(i=n-1; i>=0; i--){
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        av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_DEBUG, "%d", (bits>>i)&1);
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    }
    for(i=n; i<24; i++)
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        av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_DEBUG, " ");
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}

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static inline int get_bits_trace(GetBitContext *s, int n, char *file, const char *func, int line){
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    int r= get_bits(s, n);
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    print_bin(r, n);
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    av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_DEBUG, "%5d %2d %3d bit @%5d in %s %s:%d\n", r, n, r, get_bits_count(s)-n, file, func, line);
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    return r;
}
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static inline int get_vlc_trace(GetBitContext *s, VLC_TYPE (*table)[2], int bits, int max_depth, char *file, const char *func, int line){
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    int show= show_bits(s, 24);
    int pos= get_bits_count(s);
    int r= get_vlc2(s, table, bits, max_depth);
    int len= get_bits_count(s) - pos;
    int bits2= show>>(24-len);
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    print_bin(bits2, len);
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    av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_DEBUG, "%5d %2d %3d vlc @%5d in %s %s:%d\n", bits2, len, r, pos, file, func, line);
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    return r;
}
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static inline int get_xbits_trace(GetBitContext *s, int n, char *file, const char *func, int line){
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    int show= show_bits(s, n);
    int r= get_xbits(s, n);
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    print_bin(show, n);
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    av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_DEBUG, "%5d %2d %3d xbt @%5d in %s %s:%d\n", show, n, r, get_bits_count(s)-n, file, func, line);
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    return r;
}

#define get_bits(s, n)  get_bits_trace(s, n, __FILE__, __PRETTY_FUNCTION__, __LINE__)
#define get_bits1(s)    get_bits_trace(s, 1, __FILE__, __PRETTY_FUNCTION__, __LINE__)
#define get_xbits(s, n) get_xbits_trace(s, n, __FILE__, __PRETTY_FUNCTION__, __LINE__)
#define get_vlc(s, vlc)            get_vlc_trace(s, (vlc)->table, (vlc)->bits, 3, __FILE__, __PRETTY_FUNCTION__, __LINE__)
#define get_vlc2(s, tab, bits, max) get_vlc_trace(s, tab, bits, max, __FILE__, __PRETTY_FUNCTION__, __LINE__)

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#define tprintf(p, ...) av_log(p, AV_LOG_DEBUG, __VA_ARGS__)
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#else //TRACE
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#define tprintf(p, ...) {}
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#endif

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static inline int decode012(GetBitContext *gb){
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    int n;
    n = get_bits1(gb);
    if (n == 0)
        return 0;
    else
        return get_bits1(gb) + 1;
}

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static inline int decode210(GetBitContext *gb){
    if (get_bits1(gb))
        return 0;
    else
        return 2 - get_bits1(gb);
}

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#endif /* AVCODEC_BITSTREAM_H */