avio.h 15.2 KB
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/*
 * copyright (c) 2001 Fabrice Bellard
 *
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 * This file is part of FFmpeg.
 *
 * FFmpeg is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
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 * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
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 * version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
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 *
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 * FFmpeg is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
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 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
 * Lesser General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
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 * License along with FFmpeg; if not, write to the Free Software
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 * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
 */
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#ifndef AVFORMAT_AVIO_H
#define AVFORMAT_AVIO_H
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/**
 * @file libavformat/avio.h
 * unbuffered I/O operations
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 *
 * @warning This file has to be considered an internal but installed
 * header, so it should not be directly included in your projects.
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 */

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#include <stdint.h>

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#include "libavutil/common.h"

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/* unbuffered I/O */

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/**
 * URL Context.
 * New fields can be added to the end with minor version bumps.
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 * Removal, reordering and changes to existing fields require a major
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 * version bump.
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 * sizeof(URLContext) must not be used outside libav*.
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 */
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typedef struct URLContext {
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#if LIBAVFORMAT_VERSION_MAJOR >= 53
    const AVClass *av_class; ///< information for av_log(). Set by url_open().
#endif
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    struct URLProtocol *prot;
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    int flags;
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    int is_streamed;  /**< true if streamed (no seek possible), default = false */
    int max_packet_size;  /**< if non zero, the stream is packetized with this max packet size */
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    void *priv_data;
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    char *filename; /**< specified filename */
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} URLContext;
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typedef struct URLPollEntry {
    URLContext *handle;
    int events;
    int revents;
} URLPollEntry;

#define URL_RDONLY 0
#define URL_WRONLY 1
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#define URL_RDWR   2

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typedef int URLInterruptCB(void);

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/**
 * Creates an URLContext for accessing to the resource indicated by
 * filename, and opens it using the URLProtocol up.
 *
 * @param puc pointer to the location where, in case of success, the
 * function puts the pointer to the created URLContext
 * @param flags flags which control how the resource indicated by filename
 * is to be opened
 * @return 0 in case of success, a negative value corresponding to an
 * AVERROR code in case of failure
 */
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int url_open_protocol (URLContext **puc, struct URLProtocol *up,
                       const char *filename, int flags);
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int url_open(URLContext **h, const char *filename, int flags);
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/**
 * Reads up to size bytes from the resource accessed by h, and stores
 * the read bytes in buf.
 *
 * @return The number of bytes actually read, or a negative value
 * corresponding to an AVERROR code in case of error. A value of zero
 * indicates that it is not possible to read more from the accessed
 * resource (except if the value of the size argument is also zero).
 */
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int url_read(URLContext *h, unsigned char *buf, int size);
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/**
 * Read as many bytes as possible (up to size), calling the
 * read function multiple times if necessary.
 * Will also retry if the read function returns AVERROR(EAGAIN).
 * This makes special short-read handling in applications
 * unnecessary, if the return value is < size then it is
 * certain there was either an error or the end of file was reached.
 */
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int url_read_complete(URLContext *h, unsigned char *buf, int size);
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int url_write(URLContext *h, unsigned char *buf, int size);
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int64_t url_seek(URLContext *h, int64_t pos, int whence);
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/**
 * Closes the resource accessed by the URLContext h, and frees the
 * memory used by it.
 *
 * @return a negative value if an error condition occurred, 0
 * otherwise
 */
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int url_close(URLContext *h);
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int url_exist(const char *filename);
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int64_t url_filesize(URLContext *h);
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/**
 * Return the file descriptor associated with this URL. For RTP, this
 * will return only the RTP file descriptor, not the RTCP file descriptor.
 * To get both, use rtp_get_file_handles().
 *
 * @return the file descriptor associated with this URL, or <0 on error.
 */
int url_get_file_handle(URLContext *h);

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/**
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 * Return the maximum packet size associated to packetized file
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 * handle. If the file is not packetized (stream like HTTP or file on
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 * disk), then 0 is returned.
 *
 * @param h file handle
 * @return maximum packet size in bytes
 */
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int url_get_max_packet_size(URLContext *h);
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void url_get_filename(URLContext *h, char *buf, int buf_size);

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/**
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 * The callback is called in blocking functions to test regulary if
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 * asynchronous interruption is needed. AVERROR(EINTR) is returned
 * in this case by the interrupted function. 'NULL' means no interrupt
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 * callback is given.
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 */
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void url_set_interrupt_cb(URLInterruptCB *interrupt_cb);

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/* not implemented */
int url_poll(URLPollEntry *poll_table, int n, int timeout);

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/**
 * Pause and resume playing - only meaningful if using a network streaming
 * protocol (e.g. MMS).
 * @param pause 1 for pause, 0 for resume
 */
int av_url_read_pause(URLContext *h, int pause);
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/**
 * Seek to a given timestamp relative to some component stream.
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 * Only meaningful if using a network streaming protocol (e.g. MMS.).
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 * @param stream_index The stream index that the timestamp is relative to.
 *        If stream_index is (-1) the timestamp should be in AV_TIME_BASE
 *        units from the beginning of the presentation.
 *        If a stream_index >= 0 is used and the protocol does not support
 *        seeking based on component streams, the call will fail with ENOTSUP.
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 * @param timestamp timestamp in AVStream.time_base units
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 *        or if there is no stream specified then in AV_TIME_BASE units.
 * @param flags Optional combination of AVSEEK_FLAG_BACKWARD, AVSEEK_FLAG_BYTE
 *        and AVSEEK_FLAG_ANY. The protocol may silently ignore
 *        AVSEEK_FLAG_BACKWARD and AVSEEK_FLAG_ANY, but AVSEEK_FLAG_BYTE will
 *        fail with ENOTSUP if used and not supported.
 * @return >= 0 on success
 * @see AVInputFormat::read_seek
 */
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int64_t av_url_read_seek(URLContext *h, int stream_index,
                         int64_t timestamp, int flags);
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/**
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 * Passing this as the "whence" parameter to a seek function causes it to
 * return the filesize without seeking anywhere. Supporting this is optional.
 * If it is not supported then the seek function will return <0.
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 */
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#define AVSEEK_SIZE 0x10000

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typedef struct URLProtocol {
    const char *name;
    int (*url_open)(URLContext *h, const char *filename, int flags);
    int (*url_read)(URLContext *h, unsigned char *buf, int size);
    int (*url_write)(URLContext *h, unsigned char *buf, int size);
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    int64_t (*url_seek)(URLContext *h, int64_t pos, int whence);
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    int (*url_close)(URLContext *h);
    struct URLProtocol *next;
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    int (*url_read_pause)(URLContext *h, int pause);
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    int64_t (*url_read_seek)(URLContext *h, int stream_index,
                             int64_t timestamp, int flags);
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    int (*url_get_file_handle)(URLContext *h);
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} URLProtocol;

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#if LIBAVFORMAT_VERSION_MAJOR < 53
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extern URLProtocol *first_protocol;
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#endif

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extern URLInterruptCB *url_interrupt_cb;
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/**
 * If protocol is NULL, returns the first registered protocol,
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 * if protocol is non-NULL, returns the next registered protocol after protocol,
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 * or NULL if protocol is the last one.
 */
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URLProtocol *av_protocol_next(URLProtocol *p);

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#if LIBAVFORMAT_VERSION_MAJOR < 53
/**
 * @deprecated Use av_register_protocol() instead.
 */
attribute_deprecated int register_protocol(URLProtocol *protocol);
#endif

int av_register_protocol(URLProtocol *protocol);
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/**
 * Bytestream IO Context.
 * New fields can be added to the end with minor version bumps.
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 * Removal, reordering and changes to existing fields require a major
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 * version bump.
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 * sizeof(ByteIOContext) must not be used outside libav*.
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 */
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typedef struct {
    unsigned char *buffer;
    int buffer_size;
    unsigned char *buf_ptr, *buf_end;
    void *opaque;
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    int (*read_packet)(void *opaque, uint8_t *buf, int buf_size);
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    int (*write_packet)(void *opaque, uint8_t *buf, int buf_size);
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    int64_t (*seek)(void *opaque, int64_t offset, int whence);
    int64_t pos; /**< position in the file of the current buffer */
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    int must_flush; /**< true if the next seek should flush */
    int eof_reached; /**< true if eof reached */
    int write_flag;  /**< true if open for writing */
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    int is_streamed;
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    int max_packet_size;
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    unsigned long checksum;
    unsigned char *checksum_ptr;
    unsigned long (*update_checksum)(unsigned long checksum, const uint8_t *buf, unsigned int size);
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    int error;         ///< contains the error code or 0 if no error happened
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    int (*read_pause)(void *opaque, int pause);
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    int64_t (*read_seek)(void *opaque, int stream_index,
                         int64_t timestamp, int flags);
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} ByteIOContext;

int init_put_byte(ByteIOContext *s,
                  unsigned char *buffer,
                  int buffer_size,
                  int write_flag,
                  void *opaque,
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                  int (*read_packet)(void *opaque, uint8_t *buf, int buf_size),
                  int (*write_packet)(void *opaque, uint8_t *buf, int buf_size),
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                  int64_t (*seek)(void *opaque, int64_t offset, int whence));
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ByteIOContext *av_alloc_put_byte(
                  unsigned char *buffer,
                  int buffer_size,
                  int write_flag,
                  void *opaque,
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                  int (*read_packet)(void *opaque, uint8_t *buf, int buf_size),
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                  int (*write_packet)(void *opaque, uint8_t *buf, int buf_size),
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                  int64_t (*seek)(void *opaque, int64_t offset, int whence));
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void put_byte(ByteIOContext *s, int b);
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void put_buffer(ByteIOContext *s, const unsigned char *buf, int size);
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void put_le64(ByteIOContext *s, uint64_t val);
void put_be64(ByteIOContext *s, uint64_t val);
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void put_le32(ByteIOContext *s, unsigned int val);
void put_be32(ByteIOContext *s, unsigned int val);
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void put_le24(ByteIOContext *s, unsigned int val);
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void put_be24(ByteIOContext *s, unsigned int val);
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void put_le16(ByteIOContext *s, unsigned int val);
void put_be16(ByteIOContext *s, unsigned int val);
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void put_tag(ByteIOContext *s, const char *tag);
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void put_strz(ByteIOContext *s, const char *buf);
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/**
 * fseek() equivalent for ByteIOContext.
 * @return new position or AVERROR.
 */
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int64_t url_fseek(ByteIOContext *s, int64_t offset, int whence);
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/**
 * Skip given number of bytes forward.
 * @param offset number of bytes
 */
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void url_fskip(ByteIOContext *s, int64_t offset);
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/**
 * ftell() equivalent for ByteIOContext.
 * @return position or AVERROR.
 */
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int64_t url_ftell(ByteIOContext *s);
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/**
 * Gets the filesize.
 * @return filesize or AVERROR
 */
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int64_t url_fsize(ByteIOContext *s);
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/**
 * feof() equivalent for ByteIOContext.
 * @return non zero if and only if end of file
 */
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int url_feof(ByteIOContext *s);
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int url_ferror(ByteIOContext *s);
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int av_url_read_fpause(ByteIOContext *h, int pause);
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int64_t av_url_read_fseek(ByteIOContext *h, int stream_index,
                          int64_t timestamp, int flags);
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#define URL_EOF (-1)
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/** @note return URL_EOF (-1) if EOF */
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int url_fgetc(ByteIOContext *s);
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/** @warning currently size is limited */
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#ifdef __GNUC__
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int url_fprintf(ByteIOContext *s, const char *fmt, ...) __attribute__ ((__format__ (__printf__, 2, 3)));
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#else
int url_fprintf(ByteIOContext *s, const char *fmt, ...);
#endif
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/** @note unlike fgets, the EOL character is not returned and a whole
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    line is parsed. return NULL if first char read was EOF */
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char *url_fgets(ByteIOContext *s, char *buf, int buf_size);

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void put_flush_packet(ByteIOContext *s);

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/**
 * Reads size bytes from ByteIOContext into buf.
 * @returns number of bytes read or AVERROR
 */
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int get_buffer(ByteIOContext *s, unsigned char *buf, int size);
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/**
 * Reads size bytes from ByteIOContext into buf.
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 * This reads at most 1 packet. If that is not enough fewer bytes will be
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 * returned.
 * @returns number of bytes read or AVERROR
 */
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int get_partial_buffer(ByteIOContext *s, unsigned char *buf, int size);
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/** @note return 0 if EOF, so you cannot use it if EOF handling is
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    necessary */
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int get_byte(ByteIOContext *s);
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unsigned int get_le24(ByteIOContext *s);
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unsigned int get_le32(ByteIOContext *s);
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uint64_t get_le64(ByteIOContext *s);
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unsigned int get_le16(ByteIOContext *s);

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char *get_strz(ByteIOContext *s, char *buf, int maxlen);
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unsigned int get_be16(ByteIOContext *s);
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unsigned int get_be24(ByteIOContext *s);
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unsigned int get_be32(ByteIOContext *s);
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uint64_t get_be64(ByteIOContext *s);
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uint64_t ff_get_v(ByteIOContext *bc);
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static inline int url_is_streamed(ByteIOContext *s)
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{
    return s->is_streamed;
}

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/** @note when opened as read/write, the buffers are only used for
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    writing */
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int url_fdopen(ByteIOContext **s, URLContext *h);
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/** @warning must be called before any I/O */
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int url_setbufsize(ByteIOContext *s, int buf_size);
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#if LIBAVFORMAT_VERSION_MAJOR < 53
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/** Reset the buffer for reading or writing.
 * @note Will drop any data currently in the buffer without transmitting it.
 * @param flags URL_RDONLY to set up the buffer for reading, or URL_WRONLY
 *        to set up the buffer for writing. */
int url_resetbuf(ByteIOContext *s, int flags);
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#endif
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/** @note when opened as read/write, the buffers are only used for
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    writing */
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int url_fopen(ByteIOContext **s, const char *filename, int flags);
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int url_fclose(ByteIOContext *s);
URLContext *url_fileno(ByteIOContext *s);
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/**
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 * Return the maximum packet size associated to packetized buffered file
 * handle. If the file is not packetized (stream like http or file on
 * disk), then 0 is returned.
 *
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 * @param s buffered file handle
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 * @return maximum packet size in bytes
 */
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int url_fget_max_packet_size(ByteIOContext *s);
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int url_open_buf(ByteIOContext **s, uint8_t *buf, int buf_size, int flags);
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/** return the written or read size */
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int url_close_buf(ByteIOContext *s);

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/**
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 * Open a write only memory stream.
 *
 * @param s new IO context
 * @return zero if no error.
 */
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int url_open_dyn_buf(ByteIOContext **s);
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/**
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 * Open a write only packetized memory stream with a maximum packet
 * size of 'max_packet_size'.  The stream is stored in a memory buffer
 * with a big endian 4 byte header giving the packet size in bytes.
 *
 * @param s new IO context
 * @param max_packet_size maximum packet size (must be > 0)
 * @return zero if no error.
 */
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int url_open_dyn_packet_buf(ByteIOContext **s, int max_packet_size);
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/**
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 * Return the written size and a pointer to the buffer. The buffer
 *  must be freed with av_free().
 * @param s IO context
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 * @param pbuffer pointer to a byte buffer
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 * @return the length of the byte buffer
 */
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int url_close_dyn_buf(ByteIOContext *s, uint8_t **pbuffer);
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unsigned long ff_crc04C11DB7_update(unsigned long checksum, const uint8_t *buf,
                                    unsigned int len);
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unsigned long get_checksum(ByteIOContext *s);
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void init_checksum(ByteIOContext *s,
                   unsigned long (*update_checksum)(unsigned long c, const uint8_t *p, unsigned int len),
                   unsigned long checksum);
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/* udp.c */
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int udp_set_remote_url(URLContext *h, const char *uri);
int udp_get_local_port(URLContext *h);
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#if (LIBAVFORMAT_VERSION_MAJOR <= 52)
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int udp_get_file_handle(URLContext *h);
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#endif
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#endif /* AVFORMAT_AVIO_H */