Commit e500315b authored by Vladimir Voroshilov's avatar Vladimir Voroshilov
Browse files

gain code, gain pitch and pitch delay decoding for ACELP based codecs

Originally committed as revision 14037 to svn://svn.ffmpeg.org/ffmpeg/trunk
parent 44528363
/*
* gain code, gain pitch and pitch delay decoding
*
* Copyright (c) 2008 Vladimir Voroshilov
*
* This file is part of FFmpeg.
*
* FFmpeg is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
* License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
* version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
*
* FFmpeg is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
* Lesser General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
* License along with FFmpeg; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
*/
#include "avcodec.h"
#include "acelp_pitch_delay.h"
#include "acelp_math.h"
int ff_acelp_decode_8bit_to_1st_delay3(int ac_index)
{
ac_index += 58;
if(ac_index > 254)
ac_index = 3 * ac_index - 510;
return ac_index;
}
int ff_acelp_decode_4bit_to_2nd_delay3(
int ac_index,
int pitch_delay_min)
{
if(ac_index < 4)
return 3 * (ac_index + pitch_delay_min);
else if(ac_index < 12)
return 3 * pitch_delay_min + ac_index + 6;
else
return 3 * (ac_index + pitch_delay_min) - 18;
}
int ff_acelp_decode_5_6_bit_to_2nd_delay3(
int ac_index,
int pitch_delay_min)
{
return 3 * pitch_delay_min + ac_index - 2;
}
int ff_acelp_decode_9bit_to_1st_delay6(int ac_index)
{
if(ac_index < 463)
return ac_index + 105;
else
return 6 * (ac_index - 368);
}
int ff_acelp_decode_6bit_to_2nd_delay6(
int ac_index,
int pitch_delay_min)
{
return 6 * pitch_delay_min + ac_index - 3;
}
void ff_acelp_update_past_gain(
int16_t* quant_energy,
int gain_corr_factor,
int log2_ma_pred_order,
int erasure)
{
int i;
int avg_gain=quant_energy[(1 << log2_ma_pred_order) - 1]; // (5.10)
for(i=(1 << log2_ma_pred_order) - 1; i>0; i--)
{
avg_gain += quant_energy[i-1];
quant_energy[i] = quant_energy[i-1];
}
if(erasure)
quant_energy[0] = FFMAX(avg_gain >> log2_ma_pred_order, -10240) - 4096; // -10 and -4 in (5.10)
else
quant_energy[0] = (6165 * ((ff_log2(gain_corr_factor) >> 2) - (13 << 13))) >> 13;
}
int16_t ff_acelp_decode_gain_code(
int gain_corr_factor,
const int16_t* fc_v,
int mr_energy,
const int16_t* quant_energy,
const int16_t* ma_prediction_coeff,
int subframe_size,
int ma_pred_order)
{
int i;
mr_energy <<= 10;
for(i=0; i<ma_pred_order; i++)
mr_energy += quant_energy[i] * ma_prediction_coeff[i];
#ifdef G729_BITEXACT
mr_energy += (((-6165LL * ff_log2(sum_of_squares(fc_v, subframe_size, 0, 0))) >> 3) & ~0x3ff);
mr_energy = (5439 * (mr_energy >> 15)) >> 8; // (0.15) = (0.15) * (7.23)
return bidir_sal(
((ff_exp2(mr_energy & 0x7fff) + 16) >> 5) * (gain_corr_factor >> 1),
(mr_energy >> 15) - 25
);
#else
mr_energy = gain_corr_factor * exp(M_LN10 / (20 << 23) * mr_energy) /
sqrt(sum_of_squares(fc_v, subframe_size, 0, 0));
return mr_energy >> 12;
#endif
}
/*
* gain code, gain pitch and pitch delay decoding
*
* Copyright (c) 2008 Vladimir Voroshilov
*
* This file is part of FFmpeg.
*
* FFmpeg is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
* License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
* version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
*
* FFmpeg is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
* Lesser General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
* License along with FFmpeg; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
*/
#ifndef FFMPEG_ACELP_PITCH_DELAY_H
#define FFMPEG_ACELP_PITCH_DELAY_H
#include <stdint.h>
#define PITCH_DELAY_MIN 20
#define PITCH_DELAY_MAX 143
/**
* \brief Decode pitch delay of the first subframe encoded by 8 bits with 1/3
* resolution.
* \param ac_index adaptive codebook index (8 bits)
*
* \return pitch delay in 1/3 units
*
* Pitch delay is coded:
* with 1/3 resolution, 19 < pitch_delay < 85
* integers only, 85 <= pitch_delay <= 143
*/
int ff_acelp_decode_8bit_to_1st_delay3(int ac_index);
/**
* \brief Decode pitch delay of the second subframe encoded by 5 or 6 bits
* with 1/3 precision.
* \param ac_index adaptive codebook index (5 or 6 bits)
* \param pitch_delay_min lower bound (integer) of pitch delay interval
* for second subframe
*
* \return pitch delay in 1/3 units
*
* Pitch delay is coded:
* with 1/3 resolution, -6 < pitch_delay - int(prev_pitch_delay) < 5
*
* \remark The routine is used in G.729 @8k, AMR @10.2k, AMR @7.95k,
* AMR @7.4k for the second subframe.
*/
int ff_acelp_decode_5_6_bit_to_2nd_delay3(
int ac_index,
int pitch_delay_min);
/**
* \brief Decode pitch delay with 1/3 precision.
* \param ac_index adaptive codebook index (4 bits)
* \param pitch_delay_min lower bound (integer) of pitch delay interval for
* second subframe
*
* \return pitch delay in 1/3 units
*
* Pitch delay is coded:
* integers only, -6 < pitch_delay - int(prev_pitch_delay) <= -2
* with 1/3 resolution, -2 < pitch_delay - int(prev_pitch_delay) < 1
* integers only, 1 <= pitch_delay - int(prev_pitch_delay) < 5
*
* \remark The routine is used in G.729 @6.4k, AMR @6.7k, AMR @5.9k,
* AMR @5.15k, AMR @4.75k for the second subframe.
*/
int ff_acelp_decode_4bit_to_2nd_delay3(
int ac_index,
int pitch_delay_min);
/**
* \brief Decode pitch delay of the first subframe encoded by 9 bits
* with 1/6 precision.
* \param ac_index adaptive codebook index (9 bits)
* \param pitch_delay_min lower bound (integer) of pitch delay interval for
* second subframe
*
* \return pitch delay in 1/6 units
*
* Pitch delay is coded:
* with 1/6 resolution, 17 < pitch_delay < 95
* integers only, 95 <= pitch_delay <= 143
*
* \remark The routine is used in AMR @12.2k for the first and third subframes.
*/
int ff_acelp_decode_9bit_to_1st_delay6(int ac_index);
/**
* \brief Decode pitch delay of the second subframe encoded by 6 bits
* with 1/6 precision.
* \param ac_index adaptive codebook index (6 bits)
* \param pitch_delay_min lower bound (integer) of pitch delay interval for
* second subframe
*
* \return pitch delay in 1/6 units
*
* Pitch delay is coded:
* with 1/6 resolution, -6 < pitch_delay - int(prev_pitch_delay) < 5
*
* \remark The routine is used in AMR @12.2k for the second and fourth subframes.
*/
int ff_acelp_decode_6bit_to_2nd_delay6(
int ac_index,
int pitch_delay_min);
/**
* \brief Update past quantized energies
* \param quant_energy [in/out] past quantized energies (5.10)
* \param gain_corr_factor gain correction factor
* \param log2_ma_pred_order log2() of MA prediction order
* \param erasure frame erasure flag
*
* If frame erasure flag is not equal to zero, memory is updated with
* averaged energy, attenuated by 4dB:
* max(avg(quant_energy[i])-4, -14), i=0,ma_pred_order
*
* In normal mode memory is updated with
* Er - Ep = 20 * log10(gain_corr_factor)
*
* \remark The routine is used in G.729 and AMR (all modes).
*/
void ff_acelp_update_past_gain(
int16_t* quant_energy,
int gain_corr_factor,
int log2_ma_pred_order,
int erasure);
/**
* \brief Decode the adaptive codebook gain and add
* correction (4.1.5 and 3.9.1 of G.729).
* \param gain_corr_factor gain correction factor (2.13)
* \param fc_v fixed-codebook vector (2.13)
* \param mr_energy mean innovation energy and fixed-point correction (7.13)
* \param quant_energy [in/out] past quantized energies (5.10)
* \param subframe_size length of subframe
* \param ma_pred_order MA prediction order
*
* \return quantized fixed-codebook gain (14.1)
*
* The routine implements equations 69, 66 and 71 of the G.729 specification (3.9.1)
*
* Em - mean innovation energy (dB, constant, depends on decoding algorithm)
* Ep - mean-removed predicted energy (dB)
* Er - mean-removed innovation energy (dB)
* Ei - mean energy of the fixed-codebook contribution (dB)
* N - subframe_size
* M - MA (Moving Average) prediction order
* gc - fixed-codebook gain
* gc_p - predicted fixed-codebook gain
*
* Fixed codebook gain is computed using predicted gain gc_p and
* correction factor gain_corr_factor as shown below:
*
* gc = gc_p * gain_corr_factor
*
* The predicted fixed codebook gain gc_p is found by predicting
* the energy of the fixed-codebook contribution from the energy
* of previous fixed-codebook contributions.
*
* mean = 1/N * sum(i,0,N){ fc_v[i] * fc_v[i] }
*
* Ei = 10log(mean)
*
* Er = 10log(1/N * gc^2 * mean) - Em = 20log(gc) + Ei - Em
*
* Replacing Er with Ep and gc with gc_p we will receive:
*
* Ep = 10log(1/N * gc_p^2 * mean) - Em = 20log(gc_p) + Ei - Em
*
* and from above:
*
* gc_p = 10^((Ep - Ei + Em) / 20)
*
* Ep is predicted using past energies and prediction coefficients:
*
* Ep = sum(i,0,M){ ma_prediction_coeff[i] * quant_energy[i] }
*
* gc_p in fixed-point arithmetic is calculated as following:
*
* mean = 1/N * sum(i,0,N){ (fc_v[i] / 2^13) * (fc_v[i] / 2^13) } =
* = 1/N * sum(i,0,N) { fc_v[i] * fc_v[i] } / 2^26
*
* Ei = 10log(mean) = -10log(N) - 10log(2^26) +
* + 10log(sum(i,0,N) { fc_v[i] * fc_v[i] })
*
* Ep - Ei + Em = Ep + Em + 10log(N) + 10log(2^26) -
* - 10log(sum(i,0,N) { fc_v[i] * fc_v[i] }) =
* = Ep + mr_energy - 10log(sum(i,0,N) { fc_v[i] * fc_v[i] })
*
* gc_p = 10 ^ ((Ep - Ei + Em) / 20) =
* = 2 ^ (3.3219 * (Ep - Ei + Em) / 20) = 2 ^ (0.166 * (Ep - Ei + Em))
*
* where
*
* mr_energy = Em + 10log(N) + 10log(2^26)
*
* \remark The routine is used in G.729 and AMR (all modes).
*/
int16_t ff_acelp_decode_gain_code(
int gain_corr_factor,
const int16_t* fc_v,
int mr_energy,
const int16_t* quant_energy,
const int16_t* ma_prediction_coeff,
int subframe_size,
int max_pred_order);
#endif /* FFMPEG_ACELP_PITCH_DELAY_H */
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