Commit f8ef91ff authored by Clément Bœsch's avatar Clément Bœsch Committed by Martin Storsjö
Browse files

movenc: add faststart option for web streaming



Faststart moves the moov atom to the beginning of the file and rewrites
the rest of the file after muxing is complete.
Signed-off-by: default avatarMartin Storsjö <martin@martin.st>
parent 4622f11f
......@@ -239,6 +239,10 @@ more efficient), but with this option set, the muxer writes one moof/mdat
pair for each track, making it easier to separate tracks.
This option is implicitly set when writing ismv (Smooth Streaming) files.
@item -movflags faststart
Run a second pass moving the index (moov atom) to the beginning of the file.
This operation can take a while, and will not work in various situations such
as fragmented output, thus it is not enabled by default.
@end table
Smooth Streaming content can be pushed in real time to a publishing
......
......@@ -51,6 +51,7 @@ static const AVOption options[] = {
{ "separate_moof", "Write separate moof/mdat atoms for each track", 0, AV_OPT_TYPE_CONST, {.i64 = FF_MOV_FLAG_SEPARATE_MOOF}, INT_MIN, INT_MAX, AV_OPT_FLAG_ENCODING_PARAM, "movflags" },
{ "frag_custom", "Flush fragments on caller requests", 0, AV_OPT_TYPE_CONST, {.i64 = FF_MOV_FLAG_FRAG_CUSTOM}, INT_MIN, INT_MAX, AV_OPT_FLAG_ENCODING_PARAM, "movflags" },
{ "isml", "Create a live smooth streaming feed (for pushing to a publishing point)", 0, AV_OPT_TYPE_CONST, {.i64 = FF_MOV_FLAG_ISML}, INT_MIN, INT_MAX, AV_OPT_FLAG_ENCODING_PARAM, "movflags" },
{ "faststart", "Run a second pass to put the index (moov atom) at the beginning of the file", 0, AV_OPT_TYPE_CONST, {.i64 = FF_MOV_FLAG_FASTSTART}, INT_MIN, INT_MAX, AV_OPT_FLAG_ENCODING_PARAM, "movflags" },
FF_RTP_FLAG_OPTS(MOVMuxContext, rtp_flags),
{ "skip_iods", "Skip writing iods atom.", offsetof(MOVMuxContext, iods_skip), AV_OPT_TYPE_INT, {.i64 = 0}, 0, 1, AV_OPT_FLAG_ENCODING_PARAM},
{ "iods_audio_profile", "iods audio profile atom.", offsetof(MOVMuxContext, iods_audio_profile), AV_OPT_TYPE_INT, {.i64 = -1}, -1, 255, AV_OPT_FLAG_ENCODING_PARAM},
......@@ -3027,6 +3028,13 @@ static int mov_write_header(AVFormatContext *s)
FF_MOV_FLAG_FRAG_CUSTOM))
mov->flags |= FF_MOV_FLAG_FRAGMENT;
/* faststart: moov at the beginning of the file, if supported */
if (mov->flags & FF_MOV_FLAG_FASTSTART) {
if ((mov->flags & FF_MOV_FLAG_FRAGMENT) ||
(s->flags & AVFMT_FLAG_CUSTOM_IO))
mov->flags &= ~FF_MOV_FLAG_FASTSTART;
}
/* Non-seekable output is ok if using fragmentation. If ism_lookahead
* is enabled, we don't support non-seekable output at all. */
if (!s->pb->seekable &&
......@@ -3169,8 +3177,11 @@ static int mov_write_header(AVFormatContext *s)
FF_MOV_FLAG_FRAGMENT;
}
if (!(mov->flags & FF_MOV_FLAG_FRAGMENT))
if (!(mov->flags & FF_MOV_FLAG_FRAGMENT)) {
if (mov->flags & FF_MOV_FLAG_FASTSTART)
mov->reserved_moov_pos = avio_tell(pb);
mov_write_mdat_tag(pb, mov);
}
if (t = av_dict_get(s->metadata, "creation_time", NULL, 0))
mov->time = ff_iso8601_to_unix_time(t->value);
......@@ -3208,6 +3219,115 @@ static int mov_write_header(AVFormatContext *s)
return -1;
}
static int get_moov_size(AVFormatContext *s)
{
int ret;
uint8_t *buf;
AVIOContext *moov_buf;
MOVMuxContext *mov = s->priv_data;
if ((ret = avio_open_dyn_buf(&moov_buf)) < 0)
return ret;
mov_write_moov_tag(moov_buf, mov, s);
ret = avio_close_dyn_buf(moov_buf, &buf);
av_free(buf);
return ret;
}
/*
* This function gets the moov size if moved to the top of the file: the chunk
* offset table can switch between stco (32-bit entries) to co64 (64-bit
* entries) when the moov is moved to the beginning, so the size of the moov
* would change. It also updates the chunk offset tables.
*/
static int compute_moov_size(AVFormatContext *s)
{
int i, moov_size, moov_size2;
MOVMuxContext *mov = s->priv_data;
moov_size = get_moov_size(s);
if (moov_size < 0)
return moov_size;
for (i = 0; i < mov->nb_streams; i++)
mov->tracks[i].data_offset += moov_size;
moov_size2 = get_moov_size(s);
if (moov_size2 < 0)
return moov_size2;
/* if the size changed, we just switched from stco to co64 and need to
* update the offsets */
if (moov_size2 != moov_size)
for (i = 0; i < mov->nb_streams; i++)
mov->tracks[i].data_offset += moov_size2 - moov_size;
return moov_size2;
}
static int shift_data(AVFormatContext *s)
{
int ret = 0, moov_size;
MOVMuxContext *mov = s->priv_data;
int64_t pos, pos_end = avio_tell(s->pb);
uint8_t *buf, *read_buf[2];
int read_buf_id = 0;
int read_size[2];
AVIOContext *read_pb;
moov_size = compute_moov_size(s);
if (moov_size < 0)
return moov_size;
buf = av_malloc(moov_size * 2);
if (!buf)
return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
read_buf[0] = buf;
read_buf[1] = buf + moov_size;
/* Shift the data: the AVIO context of the output can only be used for
* writing, so we re-open the same output, but for reading. It also avoids
* a read/seek/write/seek back and forth. */
avio_flush(s->pb);
ret = avio_open(&read_pb, s->filename, AVIO_FLAG_READ);
if (ret < 0) {
av_log(s, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Unable to re-open %s output file for "
"the second pass (faststart)\n", s->filename);
goto end;
}
/* mark the end of the shift to up to the last data we wrote, and get ready
* for writing */
pos_end = avio_tell(s->pb);
avio_seek(s->pb, mov->reserved_moov_pos + moov_size, SEEK_SET);
/* start reading at where the new moov will be placed */
avio_seek(read_pb, mov->reserved_moov_pos, SEEK_SET);
pos = avio_tell(read_pb);
#define READ_BLOCK do { \
read_size[read_buf_id] = avio_read(read_pb, read_buf[read_buf_id], moov_size); \
read_buf_id ^= 1; \
} while (0)
/* shift data by chunk of at most moov_size */
READ_BLOCK;
do {
int n;
READ_BLOCK;
n = read_size[read_buf_id];
if (n <= 0)
break;
avio_write(s->pb, read_buf[read_buf_id], n);
pos += n;
} while (pos < pos_end);
avio_close(read_pb);
end:
av_free(buf);
return ret;
}
static int mov_write_trailer(AVFormatContext *s)
{
MOVMuxContext *mov = s->priv_data;
......@@ -3226,9 +3346,9 @@ static int mov_write_trailer(AVFormatContext *s)
}
}
moov_pos = avio_tell(pb);
if (!(mov->flags & FF_MOV_FLAG_FRAGMENT)) {
moov_pos = avio_tell(pb);
/* Write size of mdat tag */
if (mov->mdat_size + 8 <= UINT32_MAX) {
avio_seek(pb, mov->mdat_pos, SEEK_SET);
......@@ -3244,7 +3364,16 @@ static int mov_write_trailer(AVFormatContext *s)
}
avio_seek(pb, moov_pos, SEEK_SET);
mov_write_moov_tag(pb, mov, s);
if (mov->flags & FF_MOV_FLAG_FASTSTART) {
av_log(s, AV_LOG_INFO, "Starting second pass: moving the moov atom to the beginning of the file\n");
res = shift_data(s);
if (res == 0) {
avio_seek(s->pb, mov->reserved_moov_pos, SEEK_SET);
mov_write_moov_tag(pb, mov, s);
}
} else {
mov_write_moov_tag(pb, mov, s);
}
} else {
mov_flush_fragment(s);
mov_write_mfra_tag(pb, mov);
......
......@@ -156,6 +156,8 @@ typedef struct MOVMuxContext {
int max_fragment_size;
int ism_lookahead;
AVIOContext *mdat_buf;
int64_t reserved_moov_pos;
} MOVMuxContext;
#define FF_MOV_FLAG_RTP_HINT 1
......@@ -165,6 +167,7 @@ typedef struct MOVMuxContext {
#define FF_MOV_FLAG_SEPARATE_MOOF 16
#define FF_MOV_FLAG_FRAG_CUSTOM 32
#define FF_MOV_FLAG_ISML 64
#define FF_MOV_FLAG_FASTSTART 128
int ff_mov_write_packet(AVFormatContext *s, AVPacket *pkt);
......
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