aes.c 8.45 KB
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/*
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 * copyright (c) 2007 Michael Niedermayer <michaelni@gmx.at>
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 *
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 * some optimization ideas from aes128.c by Reimar Doeffinger
 *
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 * This file is part of Libav.
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 *
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 * Libav is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
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 * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
 * version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
 *
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 * Libav is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
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 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
 * Lesser General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
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 * License along with Libav; if not, write to the Free Software
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 * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
 */

#include "common.h"
#include "aes.h"

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typedef union {
    uint64_t u64[2];
    uint32_t u32[4];
    uint8_t u8x4[4][4];
    uint8_t u8[16];
} av_aes_block;

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typedef struct AVAES{
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    // Note: round_key[16] is accessed in the init code, but this only
    // overwrites state, which does not matter (see also r7471).
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    av_aes_block round_key[15];
    av_aes_block state[2];
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    int rounds;
}AVAES;

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const int av_aes_size= sizeof(AVAES);

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static const uint8_t rcon[10] = {
  0x01, 0x02, 0x04, 0x08, 0x10, 0x20, 0x40, 0x80, 0x1b, 0x36
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};

static uint8_t     sbox[256];
static uint8_t inv_sbox[256];
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#if CONFIG_SMALL
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static uint32_t enc_multbl[1][256];
static uint32_t dec_multbl[1][256];
#else
static uint32_t enc_multbl[4][256];
static uint32_t dec_multbl[4][256];
#endif
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static inline void addkey(av_aes_block *dst, const av_aes_block *src, const av_aes_block *round_key){
    dst->u64[0] = src->u64[0] ^ round_key->u64[0];
    dst->u64[1] = src->u64[1] ^ round_key->u64[1];
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}

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static void subshift(av_aes_block s0[2], int s, const uint8_t *box){
    av_aes_block *s1= (av_aes_block *)(s0[0].u8 - s);
    av_aes_block *s3= (av_aes_block *)(s0[0].u8 + s);
    s0[0].u8[0]=box[s0[1].u8[ 0]]; s0[0].u8[ 4]=box[s0[1].u8[ 4]]; s0[0].u8[ 8]=box[s0[1].u8[ 8]]; s0[0].u8[12]=box[s0[1].u8[12]];
    s1[0].u8[3]=box[s1[1].u8[ 7]]; s1[0].u8[ 7]=box[s1[1].u8[11]]; s1[0].u8[11]=box[s1[1].u8[15]]; s1[0].u8[15]=box[s1[1].u8[ 3]];
    s0[0].u8[2]=box[s0[1].u8[10]]; s0[0].u8[10]=box[s0[1].u8[ 2]]; s0[0].u8[ 6]=box[s0[1].u8[14]]; s0[0].u8[14]=box[s0[1].u8[ 6]];
    s3[0].u8[1]=box[s3[1].u8[13]]; s3[0].u8[13]=box[s3[1].u8[ 9]]; s3[0].u8[ 9]=box[s3[1].u8[ 5]]; s3[0].u8[ 5]=box[s3[1].u8[ 1]];
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}
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static inline int mix_core(uint32_t multbl[][256], int a, int b, int c, int d){
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#if CONFIG_SMALL
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#define ROT(x,s) ((x<<s)|(x>>(32-s)))
    return multbl[0][a] ^ ROT(multbl[0][b], 8) ^ ROT(multbl[0][c], 16) ^ ROT(multbl[0][d], 24);
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#else
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    return multbl[0][a] ^ multbl[1][b] ^ multbl[2][c] ^ multbl[3][d];
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#endif
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}
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static inline void mix(av_aes_block state[2], uint32_t multbl[][256], int s1, int s3){
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    uint8_t (*src)[4] = state[1].u8x4;
    state[0].u32[0] = mix_core(multbl, src[0][0], src[s1  ][1], src[2][2], src[s3  ][3]);
    state[0].u32[1] = mix_core(multbl, src[1][0], src[s3-1][1], src[3][2], src[s1-1][3]);
    state[0].u32[2] = mix_core(multbl, src[2][0], src[s3  ][1], src[0][2], src[s1  ][3]);
    state[0].u32[3] = mix_core(multbl, src[3][0], src[s1-1][1], src[1][2], src[s3-1][3]);
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}
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static inline void crypt(AVAES *a, int s, const uint8_t *sbox, uint32_t multbl[][256]){
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    int r;
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    for(r=a->rounds-1; r>0; r--){
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        mix(a->state, multbl, 3-s, 1+s);
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        addkey(&a->state[1], &a->state[0], &a->round_key[r]);
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    }
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    subshift(&a->state[0], s, sbox);
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}

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void av_aes_crypt(AVAES *a, uint8_t *dst_, const uint8_t *src_, int count, uint8_t *iv_, int decrypt){
    av_aes_block *dst = (av_aes_block *)dst_;
    const av_aes_block *src = (const av_aes_block *)src_;
    av_aes_block *iv = (av_aes_block *)iv_;
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    while(count--){
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        addkey(&a->state[1], src, &a->round_key[a->rounds]);
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        if(decrypt) {
            crypt(a, 0, inv_sbox, dec_multbl);
            if(iv){
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                addkey(&a->state[0], &a->state[0], iv);
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                memcpy(iv, src, 16);
            }
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            addkey(dst, &a->state[0], &a->round_key[0]);
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        }else{
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            if(iv) addkey(&a->state[1], &a->state[1], iv);
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            crypt(a, 2,     sbox, enc_multbl);
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            addkey(dst, &a->state[0], &a->round_key[0]);
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            if(iv) memcpy(iv, dst, 16);
        }
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        src++;
        dst++;
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    }
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}

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static void init_multbl2(uint8_t tbl[1024], const int c[4], const uint8_t *log8, const uint8_t *alog8, const uint8_t *sbox){
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    int i, j;
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    for(i=0; i<1024; i++){
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        int x= sbox[i>>2];
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        if(x) tbl[i]= alog8[ log8[x] + log8[c[i&3]] ];
    }
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#if !CONFIG_SMALL
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    for(j=256; j<1024; j++)
        for(i=0; i<4; i++)
            tbl[4*j+i]= tbl[4*j + ((i-1)&3) - 1024];
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#endif
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}

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// this is based on the reference AES code by Paulo Barreto and Vincent Rijmen
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int av_aes_init(AVAES *a, const uint8_t *key, int key_bits, int decrypt) {
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    int i, j, t, rconpointer = 0;
    uint8_t tk[8][4];
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    int KC= key_bits>>5;
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    int rounds= KC + 6;
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    uint8_t  log8[256];
    uint8_t alog8[512];
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    if(!enc_multbl[FF_ARRAY_ELEMS(enc_multbl)-1][FF_ARRAY_ELEMS(enc_multbl[0])-1]){
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        j=1;
        for(i=0; i<255; i++){
            alog8[i]=
            alog8[i+255]= j;
            log8[j]= i;
            j^= j+j;
            if(j>255) j^= 0x11B;
        }
        for(i=0; i<256; i++){
            j= i ? alog8[255-log8[i]] : 0;
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            j ^= (j<<1) ^ (j<<2) ^ (j<<3) ^ (j<<4);
            j = (j ^ (j>>8) ^ 99) & 255;
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            inv_sbox[j]= i;
            sbox    [i]= j;
        }
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        init_multbl2(dec_multbl[0], (const int[4]){0xe, 0x9, 0xd, 0xb}, log8, alog8, inv_sbox);
        init_multbl2(enc_multbl[0], (const int[4]){0x2, 0x1, 0x1, 0x3}, log8, alog8, sbox);
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    }

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    if(key_bits!=128 && key_bits!=192 && key_bits!=256)
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        return -1;
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    a->rounds= rounds;
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memleak  
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    memcpy(tk, key, KC*4);

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    for(t= 0; t < (rounds+1)*16;) {
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        memcpy(a->round_key[0].u8+t, tk, KC*4);
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        t+= KC*4;
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        for(i = 0; i < 4; i++)
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            tk[0][i] ^= sbox[tk[KC-1][(i+1)&3]];
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        tk[0][0] ^= rcon[rconpointer++];

        for(j = 1; j < KC; j++){
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            if(KC != 8 || j != KC>>1)
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                for(i = 0; i < 4; i++) tk[j][i] ^=      tk[j-1][i];
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            else
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                for(i = 0; i < 4; i++) tk[j][i] ^= sbox[tk[j-1][i]];
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        }
    }
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    if(decrypt){
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        for(i=1; i<rounds; i++){
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            av_aes_block tmp[3];
            memcpy(&tmp[2], &a->round_key[i], 16);
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            subshift(&tmp[1], 0, sbox);
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            mix(tmp, dec_multbl, 1, 3);
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            memcpy(&a->round_key[i], &tmp[0], 16);
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        }
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    }else{
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        for(i=0; i<(rounds+1)>>1; i++){
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            for(j=0; j<16; j++)
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                FFSWAP(int, a->round_key[i].u8[j], a->round_key[rounds-i].u8[j]);
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        }
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    }
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    return 0;
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}

#ifdef TEST
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#include "lfg.h"
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#include "log.h"
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int main(void){
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    int i,j;
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    AVAES ae, ad, b;
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    uint8_t rkey[2][16]= {
        {0},
        {0x10, 0xa5, 0x88, 0x69, 0xd7, 0x4b, 0xe5, 0xa3, 0x74, 0xcf, 0x86, 0x7c, 0xfb, 0x47, 0x38, 0x59}};
    uint8_t pt[16], rpt[2][16]= {
        {0x6a, 0x84, 0x86, 0x7c, 0xd7, 0x7e, 0x12, 0xad, 0x07, 0xea, 0x1b, 0xe8, 0x95, 0xc5, 0x3f, 0xa3},
        {0}};
    uint8_t rct[2][16]= {
        {0x73, 0x22, 0x81, 0xc0, 0xa0, 0xaa, 0xb8, 0xf7, 0xa5, 0x4a, 0x0c, 0x67, 0xa0, 0xc4, 0x5e, 0xcf},
        {0x6d, 0x25, 0x1e, 0x69, 0x44, 0xb0, 0x51, 0xe0, 0x4e, 0xaa, 0x6f, 0xb4, 0xdb, 0xf7, 0x84, 0x65}};
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    uint8_t temp[16];
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    AVLFG prng;
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    av_aes_init(&ae, "PI=3.141592654..", 128, 0);
    av_aes_init(&ad, "PI=3.141592654..", 128, 1);
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    av_log_set_level(AV_LOG_DEBUG);
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    av_lfg_init(&prng, 1);
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    for(i=0; i<2; i++){
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        av_aes_init(&b, rkey[i], 128, 1);
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        av_aes_crypt(&b, temp, rct[i], 1, NULL, 1);
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        for(j=0; j<16; j++)
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            if(rpt[i][j] != temp[j])
                av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "%d %02X %02X\n", j, rpt[i][j], temp[j]);
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    }
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    for(i=0; i<10000; i++){
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        for(j=0; j<16; j++){
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            pt[j] = av_lfg_get(&prng);
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        }
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{START_TIMER
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        av_aes_crypt(&ae, temp, pt, 1, NULL, 0);
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        if(!(i&(i-1)))
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            av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "%02X %02X %02X %02X\n", temp[0], temp[5], temp[10], temp[15]);
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        av_aes_crypt(&ad, temp, temp, 1, NULL, 1);
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STOP_TIMER("aes")}
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        for(j=0; j<16; j++){
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            if(pt[j] != temp[j]){
                av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "%d %d %02X %02X\n", i,j, pt[j], temp[j]);
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            }
        }
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    }
    return 0;
}
#endif