aes.c 10.2 KB
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/*
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 * copyright (c) 2007 Michael Niedermayer <michaelni@gmx.at>
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 *
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 * some optimization ideas from aes128.c by Reimar Doeffinger
 *
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 * This file is part of Libav.
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 *
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 * Libav is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
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 * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
 * version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
 *
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 * Libav is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
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 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
 * Lesser General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
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 * License along with Libav; if not, write to the Free Software
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 * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
 */

#include "common.h"
#include "aes.h"
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#include "intreadwrite.h"
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typedef union {
    uint64_t u64[2];
    uint32_t u32[4];
    uint8_t u8x4[4][4];
    uint8_t u8[16];
} av_aes_block;

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typedef struct AVAES {
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    // Note: round_key[16] is accessed in the init code, but this only
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    // overwrites state, which does not matter (see also commit ba554c0).
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    av_aes_block round_key[15];
    av_aes_block state[2];
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    int rounds;
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} AVAES;
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#if FF_API_CONTEXT_SIZE
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const int av_aes_size= sizeof(AVAES);
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#endif

struct AVAES *av_aes_alloc(void)
{
    return av_mallocz(sizeof(struct AVAES));
}
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static const uint8_t rcon[10] = {
  0x01, 0x02, 0x04, 0x08, 0x10, 0x20, 0x40, 0x80, 0x1b, 0x36
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};

static uint8_t     sbox[256];
static uint8_t inv_sbox[256];
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#if CONFIG_SMALL
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static uint32_t enc_multbl[1][256];
static uint32_t dec_multbl[1][256];
#else
static uint32_t enc_multbl[4][256];
static uint32_t dec_multbl[4][256];
#endif
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#if HAVE_BIGENDIAN
#   define ROT(x, s) ((x >> s) | (x << (32-s)))
#else
#   define ROT(x, s) ((x << s) | (x >> (32-s)))
#endif
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static inline void addkey(av_aes_block *dst, const av_aes_block *src,
                          const av_aes_block *round_key)
{
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    dst->u64[0] = src->u64[0] ^ round_key->u64[0];
    dst->u64[1] = src->u64[1] ^ round_key->u64[1];
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}

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static inline void addkey_s(av_aes_block *dst, const uint8_t *src,
                            const av_aes_block *round_key)
{
    dst->u64[0] = AV_RN64(src)     ^ round_key->u64[0];
    dst->u64[1] = AV_RN64(src + 8) ^ round_key->u64[1];
}

static inline void addkey_d(uint8_t *dst, const av_aes_block *src,
                            const av_aes_block *round_key)
{
    AV_WN64(dst,     src->u64[0] ^ round_key->u64[0]);
    AV_WN64(dst + 8, src->u64[1] ^ round_key->u64[1]);
}

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static void subshift(av_aes_block s0[2], int s, const uint8_t *box)
{
    av_aes_block *s1 = (av_aes_block *) (s0[0].u8 - s);
    av_aes_block *s3 = (av_aes_block *) (s0[0].u8 + s);

    s0[0].u8[ 0] = box[s0[1].u8[ 0]];
    s0[0].u8[ 4] = box[s0[1].u8[ 4]];
    s0[0].u8[ 8] = box[s0[1].u8[ 8]];
    s0[0].u8[12] = box[s0[1].u8[12]];
    s1[0].u8[ 3] = box[s1[1].u8[ 7]];
    s1[0].u8[ 7] = box[s1[1].u8[11]];
    s1[0].u8[11] = box[s1[1].u8[15]];
    s1[0].u8[15] = box[s1[1].u8[ 3]];
    s0[0].u8[ 2] = box[s0[1].u8[10]];
    s0[0].u8[10] = box[s0[1].u8[ 2]];
    s0[0].u8[ 6] = box[s0[1].u8[14]];
    s0[0].u8[14] = box[s0[1].u8[ 6]];
    s3[0].u8[ 1] = box[s3[1].u8[13]];
    s3[0].u8[13] = box[s3[1].u8[ 9]];
    s3[0].u8[ 9] = box[s3[1].u8[ 5]];
    s3[0].u8[ 5] = box[s3[1].u8[ 1]];
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}
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static inline int mix_core(uint32_t multbl[][256], int a, int b, int c, int d){
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#if CONFIG_SMALL
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    return multbl[0][a] ^ ROT(multbl[0][b], 8) ^ ROT(multbl[0][c], 16) ^ ROT(multbl[0][d], 24);
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#else
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    return multbl[0][a] ^ multbl[1][b] ^ multbl[2][c] ^ multbl[3][d];
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#endif
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}
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static inline void mix(av_aes_block state[2], uint32_t multbl[][256], int s1, int s3){
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    uint8_t (*src)[4] = state[1].u8x4;
    state[0].u32[0] = mix_core(multbl, src[0][0], src[s1  ][1], src[2][2], src[s3  ][3]);
    state[0].u32[1] = mix_core(multbl, src[1][0], src[s3-1][1], src[3][2], src[s1-1][3]);
    state[0].u32[2] = mix_core(multbl, src[2][0], src[s3  ][1], src[0][2], src[s1  ][3]);
    state[0].u32[3] = mix_core(multbl, src[3][0], src[s1-1][1], src[1][2], src[s3-1][3]);
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}
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static inline void crypt(AVAES *a, int s, const uint8_t *sbox,
                         uint32_t multbl[][256])
{
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    int r;
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    for (r = a->rounds - 1; r > 0; r--) {
        mix(a->state, multbl, 3 - s, 1 + s);
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        addkey(&a->state[1], &a->state[0], &a->round_key[r]);
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    }
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    subshift(&a->state[0], s, sbox);
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}

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void av_aes_crypt(AVAES *a, uint8_t *dst, const uint8_t *src,
                  int count, uint8_t *iv, int decrypt)
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{
    while (count--) {
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        addkey_s(&a->state[1], src, &a->round_key[a->rounds]);
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        if (decrypt) {
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            crypt(a, 0, inv_sbox, dec_multbl);
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            if (iv) {
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                addkey_s(&a->state[0], iv, &a->state[0]);
                memcpy(iv, src, 16);
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            }
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            addkey_d(dst, &a->state[0], &a->round_key[0]);
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        } else {
            if (iv)
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                addkey_s(&a->state[1], iv, &a->state[1]);
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            crypt(a, 2, sbox, enc_multbl);
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            addkey_d(dst, &a->state[0], &a->round_key[0]);
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            if (iv)
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                memcpy(iv, dst, 16);
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        }
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        src += 16;
        dst += 16;
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    }
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}

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static void init_multbl2(uint32_t tbl[][256], const int c[4],
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                         const uint8_t *log8, const uint8_t *alog8,
                         const uint8_t *sbox)
{
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    int i;

    for (i = 0; i < 256; i++) {
        int x = sbox[i];
        if (x) {
            int k, l, m, n;
            x = log8[x];
            k = alog8[x + log8[c[0]]];
            l = alog8[x + log8[c[1]]];
            m = alog8[x + log8[c[2]]];
            n = alog8[x + log8[c[3]]];
            tbl[0][i] = AV_NE(MKBETAG(k,l,m,n), MKTAG(k,l,m,n));
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#if !CONFIG_SMALL
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            tbl[1][i] = ROT(tbl[0][i], 8);
            tbl[2][i] = ROT(tbl[0][i], 16);
            tbl[3][i] = ROT(tbl[0][i], 24);
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#endif
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        }
    }
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}

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// this is based on the reference AES code by Paulo Barreto and Vincent Rijmen
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int av_aes_init(AVAES *a, const uint8_t *key, int key_bits, int decrypt)
{
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    int i, j, t, rconpointer = 0;
    uint8_t tk[8][4];
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    int KC = key_bits >> 5;
    int rounds = KC + 6;
    uint8_t log8[256];
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    uint8_t alog8[512];
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    if (!enc_multbl[FF_ARRAY_ELEMS(enc_multbl)-1][FF_ARRAY_ELEMS(enc_multbl[0])-1]) {
        j = 1;
        for (i = 0; i < 255; i++) {
            alog8[i] = alog8[i + 255] = j;
            log8[j] = i;
            j ^= j + j;
            if (j > 255)
                j ^= 0x11B;
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        }
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        for (i = 0; i < 256; i++) {
            j = i ? alog8[255 - log8[i]] : 0;
            j ^= (j << 1) ^ (j << 2) ^ (j << 3) ^ (j << 4);
            j = (j ^ (j >> 8) ^ 99) & 255;
            inv_sbox[j] = i;
            sbox[i] = j;
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        }
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        init_multbl2(dec_multbl, (const int[4]) { 0xe, 0x9, 0xd, 0xb },
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                     log8, alog8, inv_sbox);
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        init_multbl2(enc_multbl, (const int[4]) { 0x2, 0x1, 0x1, 0x3 },
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                     log8, alog8, sbox);
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    }

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    if (key_bits != 128 && key_bits != 192 && key_bits != 256)
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        return -1;
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    a->rounds = rounds;
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    memcpy(tk, key, KC * 4);
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    memcpy(a->round_key[0].u8, key, KC * 4);
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    for (t = KC * 4; t < (rounds + 1) * 16; t += KC * 4) {
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        for (i = 0; i < 4; i++)
            tk[0][i] ^= sbox[tk[KC - 1][(i + 1) & 3]];
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        tk[0][0] ^= rcon[rconpointer++];

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        for (j = 1; j < KC; j++) {
            if (KC != 8 || j != KC >> 1)
                for (i = 0; i < 4; i++)
                    tk[j][i] ^= tk[j - 1][i];
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            else
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                for (i = 0; i < 4; i++)
                    tk[j][i] ^= sbox[tk[j - 1][i]];
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        }
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        memcpy(a->round_key[0].u8 + t, tk, KC * 4);
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    }
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    if (decrypt) {
        for (i = 1; i < rounds; i++) {
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            av_aes_block tmp[3];
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            tmp[2] = a->round_key[i];
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            subshift(&tmp[1], 0, sbox);
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            mix(tmp, dec_multbl, 1, 3);
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            a->round_key[i] = tmp[0];
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        }
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    } else {
        for (i = 0; i < (rounds + 1) >> 1; i++) {
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            FFSWAP(av_aes_block, a->round_key[i], a->round_key[rounds-i]);
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        }
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    }
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    return 0;
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}

#ifdef TEST
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#include <string.h>
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#include "lfg.h"
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#include "log.h"
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int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
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    int i, j;
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    AVAES b;
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    uint8_t rkey[2][16] = {
        { 0 },
        { 0x10, 0xa5, 0x88, 0x69, 0xd7, 0x4b, 0xe5, 0xa3,
          0x74, 0xcf, 0x86, 0x7c, 0xfb, 0x47, 0x38, 0x59 }
    };
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    uint8_t pt[16], rpt[2][16]= {
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        { 0x6a, 0x84, 0x86, 0x7c, 0xd7, 0x7e, 0x12, 0xad,
          0x07, 0xea, 0x1b, 0xe8, 0x95, 0xc5, 0x3f, 0xa3 },
        { 0 }
    };
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    uint8_t rct[2][16]= {
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        { 0x73, 0x22, 0x81, 0xc0, 0xa0, 0xaa, 0xb8, 0xf7,
          0xa5, 0x4a, 0x0c, 0x67, 0xa0, 0xc4, 0x5e, 0xcf },
        { 0x6d, 0x25, 0x1e, 0x69, 0x44, 0xb0, 0x51, 0xe0,
          0x4e, 0xaa, 0x6f, 0xb4, 0xdb, 0xf7, 0x84, 0x65 }
    };
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    uint8_t temp[16];
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    int err = 0;
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    av_log_set_level(AV_LOG_DEBUG);
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    for (i = 0; i < 2; i++) {
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        av_aes_init(&b, rkey[i], 128, 1);
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        av_aes_crypt(&b, temp, rct[i], 1, NULL, 1);
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        for (j = 0; j < 16; j++) {
            if (rpt[i][j] != temp[j]) {
                av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "%d %02X %02X\n",
                       j, rpt[i][j], temp[j]);
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                err = 1;
            }
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        }
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    }
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    if (argc > 1 && !strcmp(argv[1], "-t")) {
        AVAES ae, ad;
        AVLFG prng;

        av_aes_init(&ae, "PI=3.141592654..", 128, 0);
        av_aes_init(&ad, "PI=3.141592654..", 128, 1);
        av_lfg_init(&prng, 1);

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        for (i = 0; i < 10000; i++) {
            for (j = 0; j < 16; j++) {
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                pt[j] = av_lfg_get(&prng);
            }
            {
                START_TIMER;
                av_aes_crypt(&ae, temp, pt, 1, NULL, 0);
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                if (!(i & (i - 1)))
                    av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "%02X %02X %02X %02X\n",
                           temp[0], temp[5], temp[10], temp[15]);
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                av_aes_crypt(&ad, temp, temp, 1, NULL, 1);
                STOP_TIMER("aes");
            }
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            for (j = 0; j < 16; j++) {
                if (pt[j] != temp[j]) {
                    av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "%d %d %02X %02X\n",
                           i, j, pt[j], temp[j]);
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                }
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            }
        }
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    }
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    return err;
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}
#endif