rational.c 4.01 KB
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/*
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 * rational numbers
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 * Copyright (c) 2003 Michael Niedermayer <michaelni@gmx.at>
 *
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 * This file is part of Libav.
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 *
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 * Libav is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
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 * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
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 * version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
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 *
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 * Libav is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
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 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
 * Lesser General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
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 * License along with Libav; if not, write to the Free Software
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 * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
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 */
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/**
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 * @file
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 * rational numbers
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 * @author Michael Niedermayer <michaelni@gmx.at>
 */

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#include "avassert.h"
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#include <limits.h>
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#include "common.h"
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#include "mathematics.h"
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#include "rational.h"

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int av_reduce(int *dst_num, int *dst_den,
              int64_t num, int64_t den, int64_t max)
{
    AVRational a0 = { 0, 1 }, a1 = { 1, 0 };
    int sign = (num < 0) ^ (den < 0);
    int64_t gcd = av_gcd(FFABS(num), FFABS(den));

    if (gcd) {
        num = FFABS(num) / gcd;
        den = FFABS(den) / gcd;
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    }
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    if (num <= max && den <= max) {
        a1 = (AVRational) { num, den };
        den = 0;
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    }
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    while (den) {
        uint64_t x        = num / den;
        int64_t next_den  = num - den * x;
        int64_t a2n       = x * a1.num + a0.num;
        int64_t a2d       = x * a1.den + a0.den;
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        if (a2n > max || a2d > max) {
            if (a1.num) x =          (max - a0.num) / a1.num;
            if (a1.den) x = FFMIN(x, (max - a0.den) / a1.den);
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            if (den * (2 * x * a1.den + a0.den) > num * a1.den)
                a1 = (AVRational) { x * a1.num + a0.num, x * a1.den + a0.den };
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            break;
        }
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        a0  = a1;
        a1  = (AVRational) { a2n, a2d };
        num = den;
        den = next_den;
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    }
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    av_assert2(av_gcd(a1.num, a1.den) <= 1U);
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    *dst_num = sign ? -a1.num : a1.num;
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    *dst_den = a1.den;
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    return den == 0;
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}

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AVRational av_mul_q(AVRational b, AVRational c)
{
    av_reduce(&b.num, &b.den,
               b.num * (int64_t) c.num,
               b.den * (int64_t) c.den, INT_MAX);
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    return b;
}

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AVRational av_div_q(AVRational b, AVRational c)
{
    return av_mul_q(b, (AVRational) { c.den, c.num });
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}

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AVRational av_add_q(AVRational b, AVRational c) {
    av_reduce(&b.num, &b.den,
               b.num * (int64_t) c.den +
               c.num * (int64_t) b.den,
               b.den * (int64_t) c.den, INT_MAX);
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    return b;
}

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AVRational av_sub_q(AVRational b, AVRational c)
{
    return av_add_q(b, (AVRational) { -c.num, c.den });
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}

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AVRational av_d2q(double d, int max)
{
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    AVRational a;
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#define LOG2  0.69314718055994530941723212145817656807550013436025
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    int exponent;
    int64_t den;
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    if (isnan(d))
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        return (AVRational) { 0,0 };
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    if (isinf(d))
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        return (AVRational) { d < 0 ? -1 : 1, 0 };
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    exponent = FFMAX( (int)(log(fabs(d) + 1e-20)/LOG2), 0);
    den = 1LL << (61 - exponent);
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    av_reduce(&a.num, &a.den, (int64_t)(d * den + 0.5), den, max);

    return a;
}
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int av_nearer_q(AVRational q, AVRational q1, AVRational q2)
{
    /* n/d is q, a/b is the median between q1 and q2 */
    int64_t a = q1.num * (int64_t)q2.den + q2.num * (int64_t)q1.den;
    int64_t b = 2 * (int64_t)q1.den * q2.den;

    /* rnd_up(a*d/b) > n => a*d/b > n */
    int64_t x_up = av_rescale_rnd(a, q.den, b, AV_ROUND_UP);

    /* rnd_down(a*d/b) < n => a*d/b < n */
    int64_t x_down = av_rescale_rnd(a, q.den, b, AV_ROUND_DOWN);

    return ((x_up > q.num) - (x_down < q.num)) * av_cmp_q(q2, q1);
}

int av_find_nearest_q_idx(AVRational q, const AVRational* q_list)
{
    int i, nearest_q_idx = 0;
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    for (i = 0; q_list[i].den; i++)
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        if (av_nearer_q(q, q_list[i], q_list[nearest_q_idx]) > 0)
            nearest_q_idx = i;

    return nearest_q_idx;
}