ratectrl.c 56.8 KB
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/*
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 *  Copyright (c) 2010 The WebM project authors. All Rights Reserved.
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 *
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 *  Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license
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 *  that can be found in the LICENSE file in the root of the source
 *  tree. An additional intellectual property rights grant can be found
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 *  in the file PATENTS.  All contributing project authors may
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 *  be found in the AUTHORS file in the root of the source tree.
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 */


#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <limits.h>
#include <assert.h>

#include "math.h"
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#include "vp8/common/common.h"
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#include "ratectrl.h"
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#include "vp8/common/entropymode.h"
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#include "vpx_mem/vpx_mem.h"
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#include "vp8/common/systemdependent.h"
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#include "encodemv.h"


#define MIN_BPB_FACTOR          0.01
#define MAX_BPB_FACTOR          50

extern const MB_PREDICTION_MODE vp8_mode_order[MAX_MODES];



#ifdef MODE_STATS
extern int y_modes[5];
extern int uv_modes[4];
extern int b_modes[10];

extern int inter_y_modes[10];
extern int inter_uv_modes[4];
extern int inter_b_modes[10];
#endif

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/* Bits Per MB at different Q (Multiplied by 512) */
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#define BPER_MB_NORMBITS    9

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/* Work in progress recalibration of baseline rate tables based on
 * the assumption that bits per mb is inversely proportional to the
 * quantizer value.
 */
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const int vp8_bits_per_mb[2][QINDEX_RANGE] =
{
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    /* Intra case 450000/Qintra */
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    {
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        1125000,900000, 750000, 642857, 562500, 500000, 450000, 450000,
        409090, 375000, 346153, 321428, 300000, 281250, 264705, 264705,
        250000, 236842, 225000, 225000, 214285, 214285, 204545, 204545,
        195652, 195652, 187500, 180000, 180000, 173076, 166666, 160714,
        155172, 150000, 145161, 140625, 136363, 132352, 128571, 125000,
        121621, 121621, 118421, 115384, 112500, 109756, 107142, 104651,
        102272, 100000, 97826,  97826,  95744,  93750,  91836,  90000,
        88235,  86538,  84905,  83333,  81818,  80357,  78947,  77586,
        76271,  75000,  73770,  72580,  71428,  70312,  69230,  68181,
        67164,  66176,  65217,  64285,  63380,  62500,  61643,  60810,
        60000,  59210,  59210,  58441,  57692,  56962,  56250,  55555,
        54878,  54216,  53571,  52941,  52325,  51724,  51136,  50561,
        49450,  48387,  47368,  46875,  45918,  45000,  44554,  44117,
        43269,  42452,  41666,  40909,  40178,  39473,  38793,  38135,
        36885,  36290,  35714,  35156,  34615,  34090,  33582,  33088,
        32608,  32142,  31468,  31034,  30405,  29801,  29220,  28662,
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    },
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    /* Inter case 285000/Qinter */
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    {
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        712500, 570000, 475000, 407142, 356250, 316666, 285000, 259090,
        237500, 219230, 203571, 190000, 178125, 167647, 158333, 150000,
        142500, 135714, 129545, 123913, 118750, 114000, 109615, 105555,
        101785, 98275,  95000,  91935,  89062,  86363,  83823,  81428,
        79166,  77027,  75000,  73076,  71250,  69512,  67857,  66279,
        64772,  63333,  61956,  60638,  59375,  58163,  57000,  55882,
        54807,  53773,  52777,  51818,  50892,  50000,  49137,  47500,
        45967,  44531,  43181,  41911,  40714,  39583,  38513,  37500,
        36538,  35625,  34756,  33928,  33139,  32386,  31666,  30978,
        30319,  29687,  29081,  28500,  27941,  27403,  26886,  26388,
        25909,  25446,  25000,  24568,  23949,  23360,  22800,  22265,
        21755,  21268,  20802,  20357,  19930,  19520,  19127,  18750,
        18387,  18037,  17701,  17378,  17065,  16764,  16473,  16101,
        15745,  15405,  15079,  14766,  14467,  14179,  13902,  13636,
        13380,  13133,  12895,  12666,  12445,  12179,  11924,  11632,
        11445,  11220,  11003,  10795,  10594,  10401,  10215,  10035,
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    }
};

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static const int kf_boost_qadjustment[QINDEX_RANGE] =
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{
    128, 129, 130, 131, 132, 133, 134, 135,
    136, 137, 138, 139, 140, 141, 142, 143,
    144, 145, 146, 147, 148, 149, 150, 151,
    152, 153, 154, 155, 156, 157, 158, 159,
    160, 161, 162, 163, 164, 165, 166, 167,
    168, 169, 170, 171, 172, 173, 174, 175,
    176, 177, 178, 179, 180, 181, 182, 183,
    184, 185, 186, 187, 188, 189, 190, 191,
    192, 193, 194, 195, 196, 197, 198, 199,
    200, 200, 201, 201, 202, 203, 203, 203,
    204, 204, 205, 205, 206, 206, 207, 207,
    208, 208, 209, 209, 210, 210, 211, 211,
    212, 212, 213, 213, 214, 214, 215, 215,
    216, 216, 217, 217, 218, 218, 219, 219,
    220, 220, 220, 220, 220, 220, 220, 220,
    220, 220, 220, 220, 220, 220, 220, 220,
};

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/* #define GFQ_ADJUSTMENT (Q+100) */
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#define GFQ_ADJUSTMENT vp8_gf_boost_qadjustment[Q]
const int vp8_gf_boost_qadjustment[QINDEX_RANGE] =
{
    80, 82, 84, 86, 88, 90, 92, 94,
    96, 97, 98, 99, 100, 101, 102, 103,
    104, 105, 106, 107, 108, 109, 110, 111,
    112, 113, 114, 115, 116, 117, 118, 119,
    120, 121, 122, 123, 124, 125, 126, 127,
    128, 129, 130, 131, 132, 133, 134, 135,
    136, 137, 138, 139, 140, 141, 142, 143,
    144, 145, 146, 147, 148, 149, 150, 151,
    152, 153, 154, 155, 156, 157, 158, 159,
    160, 161, 162, 163, 164, 165, 166, 167,
    168, 169, 170, 171, 172, 173, 174, 175,
    176, 177, 178, 179, 180, 181, 182, 183,
    184, 184, 185, 185, 186, 186, 187, 187,
    188, 188, 189, 189, 190, 190, 191, 191,
    192, 192, 193, 193, 194, 194, 194, 194,
    195, 195, 196, 196, 197, 197, 198, 198
};

/*
const int vp8_gf_boost_qadjustment[QINDEX_RANGE] =
{
    100,101,102,103,104,105,105,106,
    106,107,107,108,109,109,110,111,
    112,113,114,115,116,117,118,119,
    120,121,122,123,124,125,126,127,
    128,129,130,131,132,133,134,135,
    136,137,138,139,140,141,142,143,
    144,145,146,147,148,149,150,151,
    152,153,154,155,156,157,158,159,
    160,161,162,163,164,165,166,167,
    168,169,170,170,171,171,172,172,
    173,173,173,174,174,174,175,175,
    175,176,176,176,177,177,177,177,
    178,178,179,179,180,180,181,181,
    182,182,183,183,184,184,185,185,
    186,186,187,187,188,188,189,189,
    190,190,191,191,192,192,193,193,
};
*/

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static const int kf_gf_boost_qlimits[QINDEX_RANGE] =
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{
    150, 155, 160, 165, 170, 175, 180, 185,
    190, 195, 200, 205, 210, 215, 220, 225,
    230, 235, 240, 245, 250, 255, 260, 265,
    270, 275, 280, 285, 290, 295, 300, 305,
    310, 320, 330, 340, 350, 360, 370, 380,
    390, 400, 410, 420, 430, 440, 450, 460,
    470, 480, 490, 500, 510, 520, 530, 540,
    550, 560, 570, 580, 590, 600, 600, 600,
    600, 600, 600, 600, 600, 600, 600, 600,
    600, 600, 600, 600, 600, 600, 600, 600,
    600, 600, 600, 600, 600, 600, 600, 600,
    600, 600, 600, 600, 600, 600, 600, 600,
    600, 600, 600, 600, 600, 600, 600, 600,
    600, 600, 600, 600, 600, 600, 600, 600,
    600, 600, 600, 600, 600, 600, 600, 600,
    600, 600, 600, 600, 600, 600, 600, 600,
};

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static const int gf_adjust_table[101] =
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{
    100,
    115, 130, 145, 160, 175, 190, 200, 210, 220, 230,
    240, 260, 270, 280, 290, 300, 310, 320, 330, 340,
    350, 360, 370, 380, 390, 400, 400, 400, 400, 400,
    400, 400, 400, 400, 400, 400, 400, 400, 400, 400,
    400, 400, 400, 400, 400, 400, 400, 400, 400, 400,
    400, 400, 400, 400, 400, 400, 400, 400, 400, 400,
    400, 400, 400, 400, 400, 400, 400, 400, 400, 400,
    400, 400, 400, 400, 400, 400, 400, 400, 400, 400,
    400, 400, 400, 400, 400, 400, 400, 400, 400, 400,
    400, 400, 400, 400, 400, 400, 400, 400, 400, 400,
};

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static const int gf_intra_usage_adjustment[20] =
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{
    125, 120, 115, 110, 105, 100,  95,  85,  80,  75,
    70,  65,  60,  55,  50,  50,  50,  50,  50,  50,
};

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static const int gf_interval_table[101] =
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{
    7,
    7, 7, 7, 7, 7, 7, 7, 7, 7, 7,
    7, 7, 7, 7, 7, 7, 7, 7, 7, 7,
    7, 7, 7, 7, 7, 7, 7, 7, 7, 7,
    8, 8, 8, 8, 8, 8, 8, 8, 8, 8,
    8, 8, 8, 8, 8, 8, 8, 8, 8, 8,
    9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9,
    9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9,
    10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10,
    10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10,
    11, 11, 11, 11, 11, 11, 11, 11, 11, 11,
};

static const unsigned int prior_key_frame_weight[KEY_FRAME_CONTEXT] = { 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 };


void vp8_save_coding_context(VP8_COMP *cpi)
{
    CODING_CONTEXT *const cc = & cpi->coding_context;

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    /* Stores a snapshot of key state variables which can subsequently be
     * restored with a call to vp8_restore_coding_context. These functions are
     * intended for use in a re-code loop in vp8_compress_frame where the
     * quantizer value is adjusted between loop iterations.
     */
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    cc->frames_since_key          = cpi->frames_since_key;
    cc->filter_level             = cpi->common.filter_level;
    cc->frames_till_gf_update_due   = cpi->frames_till_gf_update_due;
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    cc->frames_since_golden       = cpi->frames_since_golden;
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    vp8_copy(cc->mvc,      cpi->common.fc.mvc);
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    vp8_copy(cc->mvcosts,  cpi->rd_costs.mvcosts);
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    vp8_copy(cc->ymode_prob,   cpi->common.fc.ymode_prob);
    vp8_copy(cc->uv_mode_prob,  cpi->common.fc.uv_mode_prob);

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    vp8_copy(cc->ymode_count, cpi->mb.ymode_count);
    vp8_copy(cc->uv_mode_count, cpi->mb.uv_mode_count);
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    /* Stats */
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#ifdef MODE_STATS
    vp8_copy(cc->y_modes,       y_modes);
    vp8_copy(cc->uv_modes,      uv_modes);
    vp8_copy(cc->b_modes,       b_modes);
    vp8_copy(cc->inter_y_modes,  inter_y_modes);
    vp8_copy(cc->inter_uv_modes, inter_uv_modes);
    vp8_copy(cc->inter_b_modes,  inter_b_modes);
#endif

    cc->this_frame_percent_intra = cpi->this_frame_percent_intra;
}


void vp8_restore_coding_context(VP8_COMP *cpi)
{
    CODING_CONTEXT *const cc = & cpi->coding_context;

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    /* Restore key state variables to the snapshot state stored in the
     * previous call to vp8_save_coding_context.
     */
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    cpi->frames_since_key         =   cc->frames_since_key;
    cpi->common.filter_level     =   cc->filter_level;
    cpi->frames_till_gf_update_due  =   cc->frames_till_gf_update_due;
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    cpi->frames_since_golden       =   cc->frames_since_golden;
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    vp8_copy(cpi->common.fc.mvc, cc->mvc);

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    vp8_copy(cpi->rd_costs.mvcosts, cc->mvcosts);
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    vp8_copy(cpi->common.fc.ymode_prob,   cc->ymode_prob);
    vp8_copy(cpi->common.fc.uv_mode_prob,  cc->uv_mode_prob);

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    vp8_copy(cpi->mb.ymode_count, cc->ymode_count);
    vp8_copy(cpi->mb.uv_mode_count, cc->uv_mode_count);
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    /* Stats */
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#ifdef MODE_STATS
    vp8_copy(y_modes, cc->y_modes);
    vp8_copy(uv_modes, cc->uv_modes);
    vp8_copy(b_modes, cc->b_modes);
    vp8_copy(inter_y_modes, cc->inter_y_modes);
    vp8_copy(inter_uv_modes, cc->inter_uv_modes);
    vp8_copy(inter_b_modes, cc->inter_b_modes);
#endif


    cpi->this_frame_percent_intra = cc->this_frame_percent_intra;
}


void vp8_setup_key_frame(VP8_COMP *cpi)
{
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    /* Setup for Key frame: */
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    vp8_default_coef_probs(& cpi->common);
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    memcpy(cpi->common.fc.mvc, vp8_default_mv_context, sizeof(vp8_default_mv_context));
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    {
        int flag[2] = {1, 1};
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        vp8_build_component_cost_table(cpi->mb.mvcost, (const MV_CONTEXT *) cpi->common.fc.mvc, flag);
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    }

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    /* Make sure we initialize separate contexts for altref,gold, and normal.
     * TODO shouldn't need 3 different copies of structure to do this!
     */
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    memcpy(&cpi->lfc_a, &cpi->common.fc, sizeof(cpi->common.fc));
    memcpy(&cpi->lfc_g, &cpi->common.fc, sizeof(cpi->common.fc));
    memcpy(&cpi->lfc_n, &cpi->common.fc, sizeof(cpi->common.fc));
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    cpi->common.filter_level = cpi->common.base_qindex * 3 / 8 ;

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    /* Provisional interval before next GF */
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    if (cpi->auto_gold)
        cpi->frames_till_gf_update_due = cpi->baseline_gf_interval;
    else
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        cpi->frames_till_gf_update_due = DEFAULT_GF_INTERVAL;
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    cpi->common.refresh_golden_frame = 1;
    cpi->common.refresh_alt_ref_frame = 1;
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}

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static int estimate_bits_at_q(int frame_kind, int Q, int MBs,
                              double correction_factor)
{
    int Bpm = (int)(.5 + correction_factor * vp8_bits_per_mb[frame_kind][Q]);

    /* Attempt to retain reasonable accuracy without overflow. The cutoff is
     * chosen such that the maximum product of Bpm and MBs fits 31 bits. The
     * largest Bpm takes 20 bits.
     */
    if (MBs > (1 << 11))
        return (Bpm >> BPER_MB_NORMBITS) * MBs;
    else
        return (Bpm * MBs) >> BPER_MB_NORMBITS;
}
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static void calc_iframe_target_size(VP8_COMP *cpi)
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{
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    /* boost defaults to half second */
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    int kf_boost;
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    uint64_t target;
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    /* Clear down mmx registers to allow floating point in what follows */
    vp8_clear_system_state();
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    if (cpi->oxcf.fixed_q >= 0)
    {
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        int Q = cpi->oxcf.key_q;
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        target = estimate_bits_at_q(INTRA_FRAME, Q, cpi->common.MBs,
                                    cpi->key_frame_rate_correction_factor);
    }
    else if (cpi->pass == 2)
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    {
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        /* New Two pass RC */
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        target = cpi->per_frame_bandwidth;
    }
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    /* First Frame is a special case */
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    else if (cpi->common.current_video_frame == 0)
    {
        /* 1 Pass there is no information on which to base size so use
         * bandwidth per second * fraction of the initial buffer
         * level
         */
        target = cpi->oxcf.starting_buffer_level / 2;

        if(target > cpi->oxcf.target_bandwidth * 3 / 2)
            target = cpi->oxcf.target_bandwidth * 3 / 2;
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    }
    else
    {
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        /* if this keyframe was forced, use a more recent Q estimate */
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        int Q = (cpi->common.frame_flags & FRAMEFLAGS_KEY)
                ? cpi->avg_frame_qindex : cpi->ni_av_qi;

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        int initial_boost = 32; /* |3.0 * per_frame_bandwidth| */
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        /* Boost depends somewhat on frame rate: only used for 1 layer case. */
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        if (cpi->oxcf.number_of_layers == 1) {
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          kf_boost = MAX(initial_boost, (int)(2 * cpi->output_framerate - 16));
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        }
        else {
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          /* Initial factor: set target size to: |3.0 * per_frame_bandwidth|. */
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          kf_boost = initial_boost;
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        }

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        /* adjustment up based on q: this factor ranges from ~1.2 to 2.2. */
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        kf_boost = kf_boost * kf_boost_qadjustment[Q] / 100;
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        /* frame separation adjustment ( down) */
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        if (cpi->frames_since_key  < cpi->output_framerate / 2)
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            kf_boost = (int)(kf_boost
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                       * cpi->frames_since_key / (cpi->output_framerate / 2));
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        /* Minimal target size is |2* per_frame_bandwidth|. */
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        if (kf_boost < 16)
            kf_boost = 16;

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        target = ((16 + kf_boost) * cpi->per_frame_bandwidth) >> 4;
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    }


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    if (cpi->oxcf.rc_max_intra_bitrate_pct)
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    {
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        unsigned int max_rate = cpi->per_frame_bandwidth
                                * cpi->oxcf.rc_max_intra_bitrate_pct / 100;
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        if (target > max_rate)
            target = max_rate;
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    }

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    cpi->this_frame_target = (int)target;
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    /* TODO: if we separate rate targeting from Q targetting, move this.
     * Reset the active worst quality to the baseline value for key frames.
     */
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    if (cpi->pass != 2)
        cpi->active_worst_quality = cpi->worst_quality;
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#if 0
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    {
        FILE *f;

        f = fopen("kf_boost.stt", "a");
        fprintf(f, " %8u %10d %10d %10d\n",
                cpi->common.current_video_frame,  cpi->gfu_boost, cpi->baseline_gf_interval, cpi->source_alt_ref_pending);

        fclose(f);
    }
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#endif
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}

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/* Do the best we can to define the parameters for the next GF based on what
 * information we have available.
 */
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static void calc_gf_params(VP8_COMP *cpi)
{
    int Q = (cpi->oxcf.fixed_q < 0) ? cpi->last_q[INTER_FRAME] : cpi->oxcf.fixed_q;
    int Boost = 0;

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    int gf_frame_useage = 0;      /* Golden frame useage since last GF */
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    int tot_mbs = cpi->recent_ref_frame_usage[INTRA_FRAME]  +
                  cpi->recent_ref_frame_usage[LAST_FRAME]   +
                  cpi->recent_ref_frame_usage[GOLDEN_FRAME] +
                  cpi->recent_ref_frame_usage[ALTREF_FRAME];

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    int pct_gf_active = (100 * cpi->gf_active_count) / (cpi->common.mb_rows * cpi->common.mb_cols);
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    if (tot_mbs)
        gf_frame_useage = (cpi->recent_ref_frame_usage[GOLDEN_FRAME] + cpi->recent_ref_frame_usage[ALTREF_FRAME]) * 100 / tot_mbs;

    if (pct_gf_active > gf_frame_useage)
        gf_frame_useage = pct_gf_active;

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    /* Not two pass */
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    if (cpi->pass != 2)
    {
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        /* Single Pass lagged mode: TBD */
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        if (0)
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        {
        }

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        /* Single Pass compression: Has to use current and historical data */
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        else
        {
#if 0
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            /* Experimental code */
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            int index = cpi->one_pass_frame_index;
            int frames_to_scan = (cpi->max_gf_interval <= MAX_LAG_BUFFERS) ? cpi->max_gf_interval : MAX_LAG_BUFFERS;

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            /* ************** Experimental code - incomplete */
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            /*
            double decay_val = 1.0;
            double IIAccumulator = 0.0;
            double last_iiaccumulator = 0.0;
            double IIRatio;

            cpi->one_pass_frame_index = cpi->common.current_video_frame%MAX_LAG_BUFFERS;

            for ( i = 0; i < (frames_to_scan - 1); i++ )
            {
                if ( index < 0 )
                    index = MAX_LAG_BUFFERS;
                index --;

                if ( cpi->one_pass_frame_stats[index].frame_coded_error > 0.0 )
                {
                    IIRatio = cpi->one_pass_frame_stats[index].frame_intra_error / cpi->one_pass_frame_stats[index].frame_coded_error;

                    if ( IIRatio > 30.0 )
                        IIRatio = 30.0;
                }
                else
                    IIRatio = 30.0;

                IIAccumulator += IIRatio * decay_val;

                decay_val = decay_val * cpi->one_pass_frame_stats[index].frame_pcnt_inter;

                if (    (i > MIN_GF_INTERVAL) &&
                        ((IIAccumulator - last_iiaccumulator) < 2.0) )
                {
                    break;
                }
                last_iiaccumulator = IIAccumulator;
            }

            Boost = IIAccumulator*100.0/16.0;
            cpi->baseline_gf_interval = i;

            */
#else

            /*************************************************************/
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            /* OLD code */
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            /* Adjust boost based upon ambient Q */
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            Boost = GFQ_ADJUSTMENT;

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            /* Adjust based upon most recently measure intra useage */
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            Boost = Boost * gf_intra_usage_adjustment[(cpi->this_frame_percent_intra < 15) ? cpi->this_frame_percent_intra : 14] / 100;
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            /* Adjust gf boost based upon GF usage since last GF */
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            Boost = Boost * gf_adjust_table[gf_frame_useage] / 100;
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#endif
        }

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        /* golden frame boost without recode loop often goes awry.  be
         * safe by keeping numbers down.
         */
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        if (!cpi->sf.recode_loop)
        {
            if (cpi->compressor_speed == 2)
                Boost = Boost / 2;
        }

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        /* Apply an upper limit based on Q for 1 pass encodes */
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        if (Boost > kf_gf_boost_qlimits[Q] && (cpi->pass == 0))
            Boost = kf_gf_boost_qlimits[Q];
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        /* Apply lower limits to boost. */
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        else if (Boost < 110)
            Boost = 110;

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        /* Note the boost used */
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        cpi->last_boost = Boost;

    }

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    /* Estimate next interval
     * This is updated once the real frame size/boost is known.
     */
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    if (cpi->oxcf.fixed_q == -1)
    {
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        if (cpi->pass == 2)         /* 2 Pass */
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        {
            cpi->frames_till_gf_update_due = cpi->baseline_gf_interval;
        }
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        else                            /* 1 Pass */
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        {
            cpi->frames_till_gf_update_due = cpi->baseline_gf_interval;

            if (cpi->last_boost > 750)
                cpi->frames_till_gf_update_due++;

            if (cpi->last_boost > 1000)
                cpi->frames_till_gf_update_due++;

            if (cpi->last_boost > 1250)
                cpi->frames_till_gf_update_due++;

            if (cpi->last_boost >= 1500)
                cpi->frames_till_gf_update_due ++;

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            if (gf_interval_table[gf_frame_useage] > cpi->frames_till_gf_update_due)
                cpi->frames_till_gf_update_due = gf_interval_table[gf_frame_useage];
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            if (cpi->frames_till_gf_update_due > cpi->max_gf_interval)
                cpi->frames_till_gf_update_due = cpi->max_gf_interval;
        }
    }
    else
        cpi->frames_till_gf_update_due = cpi->baseline_gf_interval;

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    /* ARF on or off */
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    if (cpi->pass != 2)
    {
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        /* For now Alt ref is not allowed except in 2 pass modes. */
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        cpi->source_alt_ref_pending = 0;
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        /*if ( cpi->oxcf.fixed_q == -1)
        {
            if ( cpi->oxcf.play_alternate && (cpi->last_boost > (100 + (AF_THRESH*cpi->frames_till_gf_update_due)) ) )
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                cpi->source_alt_ref_pending = 1;
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            else
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                cpi->source_alt_ref_pending = 0;
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        }*/
    }
}


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static void calc_pframe_target_size(VP8_COMP *cpi)
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{
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    int min_frame_target;
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    int old_per_frame_bandwidth = cpi->per_frame_bandwidth;

    if ( cpi->current_layer > 0)
        cpi->per_frame_bandwidth =
            cpi->layer_context[cpi->current_layer].avg_frame_size_for_layer;
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    min_frame_target = 0;
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    if (cpi->pass == 2)
    {
        min_frame_target = cpi->min_frame_bandwidth;

        if (min_frame_target < (cpi->av_per_frame_bandwidth >> 5))
            min_frame_target = cpi->av_per_frame_bandwidth >> 5;
    }
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    else if (min_frame_target < cpi->per_frame_bandwidth / 4)
        min_frame_target = cpi->per_frame_bandwidth / 4;

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    /* Special alt reference frame case */
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    if((cpi->common.refresh_alt_ref_frame) && (cpi->oxcf.number_of_layers == 1))
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    {
        if (cpi->pass == 2)
        {
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            /* Per frame bit target for the alt ref frame */
            cpi->per_frame_bandwidth = cpi->twopass.gf_bits;
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            cpi->this_frame_target = cpi->per_frame_bandwidth;
        }

        /* One Pass ??? TBD */
    }

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    /* Normal frames (gf,and inter) */
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    else
    {
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        /* 2 pass */
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        if (cpi->pass == 2)
        {
            cpi->this_frame_target = cpi->per_frame_bandwidth;
        }
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        /* 1 pass */
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        else
        {
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            int Adjustment;
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            /* Make rate adjustment to recover bits spent in key frame
             * Test to see if the key frame inter data rate correction
             * should still be in force
             */
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            if (cpi->kf_overspend_bits > 0)
            {
                Adjustment = (cpi->kf_bitrate_adjustment <= cpi->kf_overspend_bits) ? cpi->kf_bitrate_adjustment : cpi->kf_overspend_bits;

                if (Adjustment > (cpi->per_frame_bandwidth - min_frame_target))
                    Adjustment = (cpi->per_frame_bandwidth - min_frame_target);

                cpi->kf_overspend_bits -= Adjustment;

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                /* Calculate an inter frame bandwidth target for the next
                 * few frames designed to recover any extra bits spent on
                 * the key frame.
                 */
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                cpi->this_frame_target = cpi->per_frame_bandwidth - Adjustment;

                if (cpi->this_frame_target < min_frame_target)
                    cpi->this_frame_target = min_frame_target;
            }
            else
                cpi->this_frame_target = cpi->per_frame_bandwidth;

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            /* If appropriate make an adjustment to recover bits spent on a
             * recent GF
             */
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            if ((cpi->gf_overspend_bits > 0) && (cpi->this_frame_target > min_frame_target))
            {
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                Adjustment = (cpi->non_gf_bitrate_adjustment <= cpi->gf_overspend_bits) ? cpi->non_gf_bitrate_adjustment : cpi->gf_overspend_bits;
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                if (Adjustment > (cpi->this_frame_target - min_frame_target))
                    Adjustment = (cpi->this_frame_target - min_frame_target);

                cpi->gf_overspend_bits -= Adjustment;
                cpi->this_frame_target -= Adjustment;
            }

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            /* Apply small + and - boosts for non gf frames */
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            if ((cpi->last_boost > 150) && (cpi->frames_till_gf_update_due > 0) &&
                (cpi->current_gf_interval >= (MIN_GF_INTERVAL << 1)))
            {
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                /* % Adjustment limited to the range 1% to 10% */
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                Adjustment = (cpi->last_boost - 100) >> 5;

                if (Adjustment < 1)
                    Adjustment = 1;
                else if (Adjustment > 10)
                    Adjustment = 10;

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                /* Convert to bits */
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                Adjustment = (cpi->this_frame_target * Adjustment) / 100;

                if (Adjustment > (cpi->this_frame_target - min_frame_target))
                    Adjustment = (cpi->this_frame_target - min_frame_target);

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                if (cpi->frames_since_golden == (cpi->current_gf_interval >> 1))
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                {
                    Adjustment = (cpi->current_gf_interval - 1) * Adjustment;
                    // Limit adjustment to 10% of current target.
                    if (Adjustment > (10 * cpi->this_frame_target) / 100)
                        Adjustment = (10 * cpi->this_frame_target) / 100;
                    cpi->this_frame_target += Adjustment;
                }
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                else
                    cpi->this_frame_target -= Adjustment;
            }
        }
    }

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    /* Sanity check that the total sum of adjustments is not above the
     * maximum allowed That is that having allowed for KF and GF penalties
     * we have not pushed the current interframe target to low. If the
     * adjustment we apply here is not capable of recovering all the extra
     * bits we have spent in the KF or GF then the remainder will have to
     * be recovered over a longer time span via other buffer / rate control
     * mechanisms.
     */
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    if (cpi->this_frame_target < min_frame_target)
        cpi->this_frame_target = min_frame_target;

    if (!cpi->common.refresh_alt_ref_frame)
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        /* Note the baseline target data rate for this inter frame. */
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        cpi->inter_frame_target = cpi->this_frame_target;

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    /* One Pass specific code */
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    if (cpi->pass == 0)
    {
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        /* Adapt target frame size with respect to any buffering constraints: */
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        if (cpi->buffered_mode)
        {
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            int one_percent_bits = (int)
                (1 + cpi->oxcf.optimal_buffer_level / 100);
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            if ((cpi->buffer_level < cpi->oxcf.optimal_buffer_level) ||
                (cpi->bits_off_target < cpi->oxcf.optimal_buffer_level))
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            {
                int percent_low = 0;

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                /* Decide whether or not we need to adjust the frame data
                 * rate target.
                 *
                 * If we are are below the optimal buffer fullness level
                 * and adherence to buffering constraints is important to
                 * the end usage then adjust the per frame target.
                 */
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                if ((cpi->oxcf.end_usage == USAGE_STREAM_FROM_SERVER) &&
                    (cpi->buffer_level < cpi->oxcf.optimal_buffer_level))
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                {
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                    percent_low = (int)
                        ((cpi->oxcf.optimal_buffer_level - cpi->buffer_level) /
                        one_percent_bits);
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                }
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                /* Are we overshooting the long term clip data rate... */
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                else if (cpi->bits_off_target < 0)
                {
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                    /* Adjust per frame data target downwards to compensate. */
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                    percent_low = (int)(100 * -cpi->bits_off_target /
                                       (cpi->total_byte_count * 8));
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                }

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                if (percent_low > cpi->oxcf.under_shoot_pct)
                    percent_low = cpi->oxcf.under_shoot_pct;
                else if (percent_low < 0)
                    percent_low = 0;

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                /* lower the target bandwidth for this frame. */
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                cpi->this_frame_target -=
                        (cpi->this_frame_target * percent_low) / 200;
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                /* Are we using allowing control of active_worst_allowed_q
                 * according to buffer level.
                 */
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                if (cpi->auto_worst_q && cpi->ni_frames > 150)
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                {
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                    int64_t critical_buffer_level;
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                    /* For streaming applications the most important factor is
                     * cpi->buffer_level as this takes into account the
                     * specified short term buffering constraints. However,
                     * hitting the long term clip data rate target is also
                     * important.
                     */
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                    if (cpi->oxcf.end_usage == USAGE_STREAM_FROM_SERVER)
                    {
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                        /* Take the smaller of cpi->buffer_level and
                         * cpi->bits_off_target
                         */
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                        critical_buffer_level =
                            (cpi->buffer_level < cpi->bits_off_target)
                            ? cpi->buffer_level : cpi->bits_off_target;
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                    }
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                    /* For local file playback short term buffering constraints
                     * are less of an issue
                     */
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                    else
                    {
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                        /* Consider only how we are doing for the clip as a
                         * whole
                         */
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                        critical_buffer_level = cpi->bits_off_target;
                    }

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                    /* Set the active worst quality based upon the selected
                     * buffer fullness number.
                     */
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                    if (critical_buffer_level < cpi->oxcf.optimal_buffer_level)
                    {
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                        if ( critical_buffer_level >
                             (cpi->oxcf.optimal_buffer_level >> 2) )
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                        {
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                            int64_t qadjustment_range =
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                                      cpi->worst_quality - cpi->ni_av_qi;
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                            int64_t above_base =
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                                      (critical_buffer_level -
                                       (cpi->oxcf.optimal_buffer_level >> 2));

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                            /* Step active worst quality down from
                             * cpi->ni_av_qi when (critical_buffer_level ==
                             * cpi->optimal_buffer_level) to
                             * cpi->worst_quality when
                             * (critical_buffer_level ==
                             *     cpi->optimal_buffer_level >> 2)
                             */
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                            cpi->active_worst_quality =
                                cpi->worst_quality -
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                                (int)((qadjustment_range * above_base) /
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                                 (cpi->oxcf.optimal_buffer_level*3>>2));
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                        }
                        else
                        {
                            cpi->active_worst_quality = cpi->worst_quality;
                        }
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        cpi->active_worst_quality = cpi->ni_av_qi;
                    }
                }
                else
                {
                    cpi->active_worst_quality = cpi->worst_quality;
                }
            }
            else
            {
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                int percent_high = 0;
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                if ((cpi->oxcf.end_usage == USAGE_STREAM_FROM_SERVER)
                     && (cpi->buffer_level > cpi->oxcf.optimal_buffer_level))
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                {
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                    percent_high = (int)((cpi->buffer_level
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                                    - cpi->oxcf.optimal_buffer_level)
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                                   / one_percent_bits);
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                }
                else if (cpi->bits_off_target > cpi->oxcf.optimal_buffer_level)
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                {
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                    percent_high = (int)((100 * cpi->bits_off_target)
                                         / (cpi->total_byte_count * 8));
                }
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                if (percent_high > cpi->oxcf.over_shoot_pct)
                    percent_high = cpi->oxcf.over_shoot_pct;
                else if (percent_high < 0)
                    percent_high = 0;
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                cpi->this_frame_target += (cpi->this_frame_target *
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                                          percent_high) / 200;
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                /* Are we allowing control of active_worst_allowed_q according
                 * to buffer level.
                 */
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                if (cpi->auto_worst_q && cpi->ni_frames > 150)
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                {
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                    /* When using the relaxed buffer model stick to the
                     * user specified value
                     */
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                    cpi->active_worst_quality = cpi->ni_av_qi;
                }
                else
                {
                    cpi->active_worst_quality = cpi->worst_quality;
                }
            }

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            /* Set active_best_quality to prevent quality rising too high */
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            cpi->active_best_quality = cpi->best_quality;

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            /* Worst quality obviously must not be better than best quality */
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            if (cpi->active_worst_quality <= cpi->active_best_quality)
                cpi->active_worst_quality = cpi->active_best_quality + 1;

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            if(cpi->active_worst_quality > 127)
                cpi->active_worst_quality = 127;
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        }
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        /* Unbuffered mode (eg. video conferencing) */
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        else
        {
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            /* Set the active worst quality */
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            cpi->active_worst_quality = cpi->worst_quality;
        }
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        /* Special trap for constrained quality mode
         * "active_worst_quality" may never drop below cq level
         * for any frame type.
         */
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        if ( cpi->oxcf.end_usage == USAGE_CONSTRAINED_QUALITY &&
             cpi->active_worst_quality < cpi->cq_target_quality)
        {
            cpi->active_worst_quality = cpi->cq_target_quality;
        }
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    }

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    /* Test to see if we have to drop a frame
     * The auto-drop frame code is only used in buffered mode.
     * In unbufferd mode (eg vide conferencing) the descision to
     * code or drop a frame is made outside the codec in response to real
     * world comms or buffer considerations.
     */
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    if (cpi->drop_frames_allowed &&
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        (cpi->oxcf.end_usage == USAGE_STREAM_FROM_SERVER) &&
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        ((cpi->common.frame_type != KEY_FRAME)))
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    {
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        /* Check for a buffer underun-crisis in which case we have to drop
         * a frame
         */
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        if ((cpi->buffer_level < 0))
        {
#if 0
            FILE *f = fopen("dec.stt", "a");
            fprintf(f, "%10d %10d %10d %10d ***** BUFFER EMPTY\n",
                    (int) cpi->common.current_video_frame,
                    cpi->decimation_factor, cpi->common.horiz_scale,
                    (cpi->buffer_level * 100) / cpi->oxcf.optimal_buffer_level);
            fclose(f);
#endif
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            cpi->drop_frame = 1;
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            /* Update the buffer level variable. */
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            cpi->bits_off_target += cpi->av_per_frame_bandwidth;
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            if (cpi->bits_off_target > cpi->oxcf.maximum_buffer_size)
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              cpi->bits_off_target = (int)cpi->oxcf.maximum_buffer_size;
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            cpi->buffer_level = cpi->bits_off_target;
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            if (cpi->oxcf.number_of_layers > 1) {
              unsigned int i;

              // Propagate bits saved by dropping the frame to higher layers.
              for (i = cpi->current_layer + 1; i < cpi->oxcf.number_of_layers;
                  i++) {
                LAYER_CONTEXT *lc = &cpi->layer_context[i];
                lc->bits_off_target += (int)(lc->target_bandwidth /
                                             lc->framerate);
                if (lc->bits_off_target > lc->maximum_buffer_size)
                  lc->bits_off_target = lc->maximum_buffer_size;
                lc->buffer_level = lc->bits_off_target;
              }
            }
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        }
    }

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    /* Adjust target frame size for Golden Frames: */
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    if (cpi->oxcf.error_resilient_mode == 0 &&
        (cpi->frames_till_gf_update_due == 0) && !cpi->drop_frame)
    {
        int Q = (cpi->oxcf.fixed_q < 0) ? cpi->last_q[INTER_FRAME] : cpi->oxcf.fixed_q;

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        int gf_frame_useage = 0;      /* Golden frame useage since last GF */
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        int tot_mbs = cpi->recent_ref_frame_usage[INTRA_FRAME]  +
                      cpi->recent_ref_frame_usage[LAST_FRAME]   +
                      cpi->recent_ref_frame_usage[GOLDEN_FRAME] +
                      cpi->recent_ref_frame_usage[ALTREF_FRAME];

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        int pct_gf_active = (100 * cpi->gf_active_count) / (cpi->common.mb_rows * cpi->common.mb_cols);
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        if (tot_mbs)
            gf_frame_useage = (cpi->recent_ref_frame_usage[GOLDEN_FRAME] + cpi->recent_ref_frame_usage[ALTREF_FRAME]) * 100 / tot_mbs;

        if (pct_gf_active > gf_frame_useage)
            gf_frame_useage = pct_gf_active;

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        /* Is a fixed manual GF frequency being used */
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        if (cpi->auto_gold)
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        {
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            /* For one pass throw a GF if recent frame intra useage is
             * low or the GF useage is high
             */
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            if ((cpi->pass == 0) && (cpi->this_frame_percent_intra < 15 || gf_frame_useage >= 5))
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                cpi->common.refresh_golden_frame = 1;
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            /* Two pass GF descision */
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            else if (cpi->pass == 2)
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                cpi->common.refresh_golden_frame = 1;
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        }

#if 0

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        /* Debug stats */
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        if (0)
        {
            FILE *f;

            f = fopen("gf_useaget.stt", "a");
            fprintf(f, " %8ld %10ld %10ld %10ld %10ld\n",
                    cpi->common.current_video_frame,  cpi->gfu_boost, GFQ_ADJUSTMENT, cpi->gfu_boost, gf_frame_useage);
            fclose(f);
        }

#endif

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        if (cpi->common.refresh_golden_frame == 1)
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        {
#if 0

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            if (0)
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            {
                FILE *f;

                f = fopen("GFexit.stt", "a");
                fprintf(f, "%8ld GF coded\n", cpi->common.current_video_frame);
                fclose(f);
            }

#endif

            if (cpi->auto_adjust_gold_quantizer)
            {
                calc_gf_params(cpi);
            }

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            /* If we are using alternate ref instead of gf then do not apply the
             * boost It will instead be applied to the altref update Jims
             * modified boost
             */
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            if (!cpi->source_alt_ref_active)
            {
                if (cpi->oxcf.fixed_q < 0)
                {
                    if (cpi->pass == 2)
                    {
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                        /* The spend on the GF is defined in the two pass
                         * code for two pass encodes
                         */
                        cpi->this_frame_target = cpi->per_frame_bandwidth;
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                    }
                    else
                    {
                        int Boost = cpi->last_boost;
                        int frames_in_section = cpi->frames_till_gf_update_due + 1;
                        int allocation_chunks = (frames_in_section * 100) + (Boost - 100);
                        int bits_in_section = cpi->inter_frame_target * frames_in_section;

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                        /* Normalize Altboost and allocations chunck down to
                         * prevent overflow
                         */
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                        while (Boost > 1000)
                        {
                            Boost /= 2;
                            allocation_chunks /= 2;
                        }

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                        /* Avoid loss of precision but avoid overflow */
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