hash.c 17.8 KB
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/*
 * hash.c: chained hash tables
 *
 * Reference: Your favorite introductory book on algorithms
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2000 Bjorn Reese and Daniel Veillard.
 *
 * Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this software for any
 * purpose with or without fee is hereby granted, provided that the above
 * copyright notice and this permission notice appear in all copies.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED ``AS IS'' AND WITHOUT ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED
 * WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
 * MERCHANTIBILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. THE AUTHORS AND
 * CONTRIBUTORS ACCEPT NO RESPONSIBILITY IN ANY CONCEIVABLE MANNER.
 *
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 * Author: breese@users.sourceforge.net
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 */

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#include "libxml.h"
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#include <string.h>
#include <libxml/hash.h>
#include <libxml/xmlmemory.h>
#include <libxml/parser.h>
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#include <libxml/xmlerror.h>

#define MAX_HASH_LEN 8

/* #define DEBUG_GROW */
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/*
 * A single entry in the hash table
 */
typedef struct _xmlHashEntry xmlHashEntry;
typedef xmlHashEntry *xmlHashEntryPtr;
struct _xmlHashEntry {
    struct _xmlHashEntry *next;
    xmlChar *name;
    xmlChar *name2;
    xmlChar *name3;
    void *payload;
};

/*
 * The entire hash table
 */
struct _xmlHashTable {
    struct _xmlHashEntry **table;
    int size;
    int nbElems;
};

/*
 * xmlHashComputeKey:
 * Calculate the hash key
 */
static unsigned long
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xmlHashComputeKey(xmlHashTablePtr table, const xmlChar *name,
	          const xmlChar *name2, const xmlChar *name3) {
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    unsigned long value = 0L;
    char ch;
    
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    if (name != NULL) {
	value += 30 * (*name);
	while ((ch = *name++) != 0) {
	    /* value *= 31; */
	    value += (unsigned long)ch;
	}
    }
    if (name2 != NULL) {
	while ((ch = *name2++) != 0) {
	    /* value *= 31; */
	    value += (unsigned long)ch;
	}
    }
    if (name3 != NULL) {
	while ((ch = *name3++) != 0) {
	    /* value *= 31; */
	    value += (unsigned long)ch;
	}
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    }
    return (value % table->size);
}

/**
 * xmlHashCreate:
 * @size: the size of the hash table
 *
 * Create a new xmlHashTablePtr.
 *
 * Returns the newly created object, or NULL if an error occured.
 */
xmlHashTablePtr
xmlHashCreate(int size) {
    xmlHashTablePtr table;
  
    if (size <= 0)
        size = 256;
  
    table = xmlMalloc(sizeof(xmlHashTable));
    if (table) {
        table->size = size;
	table->nbElems = 0;
        table->table = xmlMalloc(size * sizeof(xmlHashEntry));
        if (table->table) {
  	    memset(table->table, 0, size * sizeof(xmlHashEntry));
  	    return(table);
        }
        xmlFree(table);
    }
    return(NULL);
}

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/**
 * xmlHashGrow:
 * @table: the hash table
 * @size: the new size of the hash table
 *
 * resize the hash table
 *
 * Returns 0 in case of success, -1 in case of failure
 */
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static int
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xmlHashGrow(xmlHashTablePtr table, int size) {
    unsigned long key;
    int oldsize, i;
    xmlHashEntryPtr iter, next;
    struct _xmlHashEntry **oldtable;
#ifdef DEBUG_GROW
    unsigned long nbElem = 0;
#endif
  
    if (table == NULL)
	return(-1);
    if (size < 8)
        return(-1);
    if (size > 8 * 2048)
	return(-1);

    oldsize = table->size;
    oldtable = table->table;
    if (oldtable == NULL)
        return(-1);
  
    table->table = xmlMalloc(size * sizeof(xmlHashEntry));
    if (table->table == NULL) {
	table->table = oldtable;
	return(-1);
    }
    memset(table->table, 0, size * sizeof(xmlHashEntry));
    table->size = size;

    for (i = 0; i < oldsize; i++) {
	iter = oldtable[i];
	while (iter) {
	    next = iter->next;

	    /*
	     * put back the entry in the new table
	     */

	    key = xmlHashComputeKey(table, iter->name, iter->name2,
		                    iter->name3);
	    iter->next = table->table[key];
	    table->table[key] = iter;

#ifdef DEBUG_GROW
	    nbElem++;
#endif

	    iter = next;
	}
    }

    xmlFree(oldtable);

#ifdef DEBUG_GROW
    xmlGenericError(xmlGenericErrorContext,
	    "xmlHashGrow : from %d to %d, %d elems\n", oldsize, size, nbElem);
#endif

    return(0);
}

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/**
 * xmlHashFree:
 * @table: the hash table
 * @f:  the deallocator function for items in the hash
 *
 * Free the hash table and its contents. The userdata is
 * deallocated with f if provided.
 */
void
xmlHashFree(xmlHashTablePtr table, xmlHashDeallocator f) {
    int i;
    xmlHashEntryPtr iter;
    xmlHashEntryPtr next;

    if (table == NULL)
	return;
    if (table->table) {
	for(i = 0; i < table->size; i++) {
	    iter = table->table[i];
	    while (iter) {
		next = iter->next;
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		if (f)
		    f(iter->payload, iter->name);
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		if (iter->name)
		    xmlFree(iter->name);
		if (iter->name2)
		    xmlFree(iter->name2);
		if (iter->name3)
		    xmlFree(iter->name3);
		iter->payload = NULL;
		xmlFree(iter);
		iter = next;
	    }
	    table->table[i] = NULL;
	}
	xmlFree(table->table);
    }
    xmlFree(table);
}

/**
 * xmlHashAddEntry:
 * @table: the hash table
 * @name: the name of the userdata
 * @userdata: a pointer to the userdata
 *
 * Add the userdata to the hash table. This can later be retrieved
 * by using the name. Duplicate names generate errors.
 *
 * Returns 0 the addition succeeded and -1 in case of error.
 */
int
xmlHashAddEntry(xmlHashTablePtr table, const xmlChar *name, void *userdata) {
    return(xmlHashAddEntry3(table, name, NULL, NULL, userdata));
}

/**
 * xmlHashAddEntry2:
 * @table: the hash table
 * @name: the name of the userdata
 * @name2: a second name of the userdata
 * @userdata: a pointer to the userdata
 *
 * Add the userdata to the hash table. This can later be retrieved
 * by using the (name, name2) tuple. Duplicate tuples generate errors.
 *
 * Returns 0 the addition succeeded and -1 in case of error.
 */
int
xmlHashAddEntry2(xmlHashTablePtr table, const xmlChar *name,
	        const xmlChar *name2, void *userdata) {
    return(xmlHashAddEntry3(table, name, name2, NULL, userdata));
}

/**
 * xmlHashUpdateEntry:
 * @table: the hash table
 * @name: the name of the userdata
 * @userdata: a pointer to the userdata
 * @f: the deallocator function for replaced item (if any)
 *
 * Add the userdata to the hash table. This can later be retrieved
 * by using the name. Existing entry for this name will be removed
 * and freed with @f if found.
 *
 * Returns 0 the addition succeeded and -1 in case of error.
 */
int
xmlHashUpdateEntry(xmlHashTablePtr table, const xmlChar *name,
	           void *userdata, xmlHashDeallocator f) {
    return(xmlHashUpdateEntry3(table, name, NULL, NULL, userdata, f));
}

/**
 * xmlHashUpdateEntry2:
 * @table: the hash table
 * @name: the name of the userdata
 * @name2: a second name of the userdata
 * @userdata: a pointer to the userdata
 * @f: the deallocator function for replaced item (if any)
 *
 * Add the userdata to the hash table. This can later be retrieved
 * by using the (name, name2) tuple. Existing entry for this tuple will
 * be removed and freed with @f if found.
 *
 * Returns 0 the addition succeeded and -1 in case of error.
 */
int
xmlHashUpdateEntry2(xmlHashTablePtr table, const xmlChar *name,
	           const xmlChar *name2, void *userdata,
		   xmlHashDeallocator f) {
    return(xmlHashUpdateEntry3(table, name, name2, NULL, userdata, f));
}

/**
 * xmlHashLookup:
 * @table: the hash table
 * @name: the name of the userdata
 *
 * Find the userdata specified by the name.
 *
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 * Returns the pointer to the userdata
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 */
void *
xmlHashLookup(xmlHashTablePtr table, const xmlChar *name) {
    return(xmlHashLookup3(table, name, NULL, NULL));
}

/**
 * xmlHashLookup2:
 * @table: the hash table
 * @name: the name of the userdata
 * @name2: a second name of the userdata
 *
 * Find the userdata specified by the (name, name2) tuple.
 *
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 * Returns the pointer to the userdata
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 */
void *
xmlHashLookup2(xmlHashTablePtr table, const xmlChar *name,
	      const xmlChar *name2) {
    return(xmlHashLookup3(table, name, name2, NULL));
}

/**
 * xmlHashAddEntry3:
 * @table: the hash table
 * @name: the name of the userdata
 * @name2: a second name of the userdata
 * @name3: a third name of the userdata
 * @userdata: a pointer to the userdata
 *
 * Add the userdata to the hash table. This can later be retrieved
 * by using the tuple (name, name2, name3). Duplicate entries generate
 * errors.
 *
 * Returns 0 the addition succeeded and -1 in case of error.
 */
int
xmlHashAddEntry3(xmlHashTablePtr table, const xmlChar *name,
	         const xmlChar *name2, const xmlChar *name3,
		 void *userdata) {
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    unsigned long key, len = 0;
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    xmlHashEntryPtr entry;
    xmlHashEntryPtr insert;

    if ((table == NULL) || name == NULL)
	return(-1);

    /*
     * Check for duplicate and insertion location.
     */
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    key = xmlHashComputeKey(table, name, name2, name3);
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    if (table->table[key] == NULL) {
	insert = NULL;
    } else {
	for (insert = table->table[key]; insert->next != NULL;
	     insert = insert->next) {
	    if ((xmlStrEqual(insert->name, name)) &&
		(xmlStrEqual(insert->name2, name2)) &&
		(xmlStrEqual(insert->name3, name3)))
		return(-1);
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	    len++;
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	}
	if ((xmlStrEqual(insert->name, name)) &&
	    (xmlStrEqual(insert->name2, name2)) &&
	    (xmlStrEqual(insert->name3, name3)))
	    return(-1);
    }

    entry = xmlMalloc(sizeof(xmlHashEntry));
    if (entry == NULL)
	return(-1);
    entry->name = xmlStrdup(name);
    entry->name2 = xmlStrdup(name2);
    entry->name3 = xmlStrdup(name3);
    entry->payload = userdata;
    entry->next = NULL;


    if (insert == NULL) {
	table->table[key] = entry;
    } else {
	insert->next = entry;
    }
    table->nbElems++;
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    if (len > MAX_HASH_LEN)
	xmlHashGrow(table, MAX_HASH_LEN * table->size);

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    return(0);
}

/**
 * xmlHashUpdateEntry3:
 * @table: the hash table
 * @name: the name of the userdata
 * @name2: a second name of the userdata
 * @name3: a third name of the userdata
 * @userdata: a pointer to the userdata
 * @f: the deallocator function for replaced item (if any)
 *
 * Add the userdata to the hash table. This can later be retrieved
 * by using the tuple (name, name2, name3). Existing entry for this tuple
 * will be removed and freed with @f if found.
 *
 * Returns 0 the addition succeeded and -1 in case of error.
 */
int
xmlHashUpdateEntry3(xmlHashTablePtr table, const xmlChar *name,
	           const xmlChar *name2, const xmlChar *name3,
		   void *userdata, xmlHashDeallocator f) {
    unsigned long key;
    xmlHashEntryPtr entry;
    xmlHashEntryPtr insert;

    if ((table == NULL) || name == NULL)
	return(-1);

    /*
     * Check for duplicate and insertion location.
     */
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    key = xmlHashComputeKey(table, name, name2, name3);
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    if (table->table[key] == NULL) {
	insert = NULL;
    } else {
	for (insert = table->table[key]; insert->next != NULL;
	     insert = insert->next) {
	    if ((xmlStrEqual(insert->name, name)) &&
		(xmlStrEqual(insert->name2, name2)) &&
		(xmlStrEqual(insert->name3, name3))) {
		if (f)
		    f(insert->payload, insert->name);
		insert->payload = userdata;
		return(0);
	    }
	}
	if ((xmlStrEqual(insert->name, name)) &&
	    (xmlStrEqual(insert->name2, name2)) &&
	    (xmlStrEqual(insert->name3, name3))) {
	    if (f)
		f(insert->payload, insert->name);
	    insert->payload = userdata;
	    return(0);
	}
    }

    entry = xmlMalloc(sizeof(xmlHashEntry));
    if (entry == NULL)
	return(-1);
    entry->name = xmlStrdup(name);
    entry->name2 = xmlStrdup(name2);
    entry->name3 = xmlStrdup(name3);
    entry->payload = userdata;
    entry->next = NULL;
    table->nbElems++;


    if (insert == NULL) {
	table->table[key] = entry;
    } else {
	insert->next = entry;
    }
    return(0);
}

/**
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 * xmlHashLookup3:
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 * @table: the hash table
 * @name: the name of the userdata
 * @name2: a second name of the userdata
 * @name3: a third name of the userdata
 *
 * Find the userdata specified by the (name, name2, name3) tuple.
 *
 * Returns the a pointer to the userdata
 */
void *
xmlHashLookup3(xmlHashTablePtr table, const xmlChar *name, 
	       const xmlChar *name2, const xmlChar *name3) {
    unsigned long key;
    xmlHashEntryPtr entry;

    if (table == NULL)
	return(NULL);
    if (name == NULL)
	return(NULL);
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    key = xmlHashComputeKey(table, name, name2, name3);
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    for (entry = table->table[key]; entry != NULL; entry = entry->next) {
	if ((xmlStrEqual(entry->name, name)) &&
	    (xmlStrEqual(entry->name2, name2)) &&
	    (xmlStrEqual(entry->name3, name3)))
	    return(entry->payload);
    }
    return(NULL);
}

/**
 * xmlHashScan:
 * @table: the hash table
 * @f:  the scanner function for items in the hash
 * @data:  extra data passed to f
 *
 * Scan the hash table and applied f to each value.
 */
void
xmlHashScan(xmlHashTablePtr table, xmlHashScanner f, void *data) {
    int i;
    xmlHashEntryPtr iter;
    xmlHashEntryPtr next;

    if (table == NULL)
	return;
    if (f == NULL)
	return;

    if (table->table) {
	for(i = 0; i < table->size; i++) {
	    iter = table->table[i];
	    while (iter) {
		next = iter->next;
		if (f)
		    f(iter->payload, data, iter->name);
		iter = next;
	    }
	}
    }
}

/**
 * xmlHashScan3:
 * @table: the hash table
 * @name: the name of the userdata or NULL
 * @name2: a second name of the userdata or NULL
 * @name3: a third name of the userdata or NULL
 * @f:  the scanner function for items in the hash
 * @data:  extra data passed to f
 *
 * Scan the hash table and applied f to each value matching
 * (name, name2, name3) tuple. If one of the names is null,
 * the comparison is considered to match.
 */
void
xmlHashScan3(xmlHashTablePtr table, const xmlChar *name, 
	     const xmlChar *name2, const xmlChar *name3,
	     xmlHashScanner f, void *data) {
    int i;
    xmlHashEntryPtr iter;
    xmlHashEntryPtr next;

    if (table == NULL)
	return;
    if (f == NULL)
	return;

    if (table->table) {
	for(i = 0; i < table->size; i++) {
	    iter = table->table[i];
	    while (iter) {
		next = iter->next;
		if (((name == NULL) || (xmlStrEqual(name, iter->name))) &&
		    ((name2 == NULL) || (xmlStrEqual(name2, iter->name2))) &&
		    ((name3 == NULL) || (xmlStrEqual(name3, iter->name3)))) {
		    f(iter->payload, data, iter->name);
		}
		iter = next;
	    }
	}
    }
}

/**
 * xmlHashCopy:
 * @table: the hash table
 * @f:  the copier function for items in the hash
 *
 * Scan the hash table and applied f to each value.
 *
 * Returns the new table or NULL in case of error.
 */
xmlHashTablePtr
xmlHashCopy(xmlHashTablePtr table, xmlHashCopier f) {
    int i;
    xmlHashEntryPtr iter;
    xmlHashEntryPtr next;
    xmlHashTablePtr ret;

    if (table == NULL)
	return(NULL);
    if (f == NULL)
	return(NULL);

    ret = xmlHashCreate(table->size);
    if (table->table) {
	for(i = 0; i < table->size; i++) {
	    iter = table->table[i];
	    while (iter) {
		next = iter->next;
		xmlHashAddEntry3(ret, iter->name, iter->name2,
			         iter->name3, f(iter->payload, iter->name));
		iter = next;
	    }
	}
    }
    ret->nbElems = table->nbElems;
    return(ret);
}

/**
 * xmlHashSize:
 * @table: the hash table
 *
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 * Query the number of element installed in the hash table.
 *
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 * Returns the number of elements in the hash table or
 * -1 in case of error
 */
int
xmlHashSize(xmlHashTablePtr table) {
    if (table == NULL)
	return(-1);
    return(table->nbElems);
}

/**
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 * xmlHashRemoveEntry:
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 * @table: the hash table
 * @name: the name of the userdata
 * @f: the deallocator function for removed item (if any)
 *
 * Find the userdata specified by the (name, name2, name3) tuple and remove
 * it from the hash table. Existing userdata for this tuple will be removed
 * and freed with @f.
 *
 * Returns 0 if the removal succeeded and -1 in case of error or not found.
 */
int xmlHashRemoveEntry(xmlHashTablePtr table, const xmlChar *name,
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		       xmlHashDeallocator f) {
    return(xmlHashRemoveEntry3(table, name, NULL, NULL, f));
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}

/**
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 * xmlHashRemoveEntry2:
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 * @table: the hash table
 * @name: the name of the userdata
 * @name2: a second name of the userdata
 * @f: the deallocator function for removed item (if any)
 *
 * Find the userdata specified by the (name, name2, name3) tuple and remove
 * it from the hash table. Existing userdata for this tuple will be removed
 * and freed with @f.
 *
 * Returns 0 if the removal succeeded and -1 in case of error or not found.
 */
int xmlHashRemoveEntry2(xmlHashTablePtr table, const xmlChar *name,
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			const xmlChar *name2, xmlHashDeallocator f) {
    return(xmlHashRemoveEntry3(table, name, name2, NULL, f));
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}

/**
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 * xmlHashRemoveEntry3
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 * @table: the hash table
 * @name: the name of the userdata
 * @name2: a second name of the userdata
 * @name3: a third name of the userdata
 * @f: the deallocator function for removed item (if any)
 *
 * Find the userdata specified by the (name, name2, name3) tuple and remove
 * it from the hash table. Existing userdata for this tuple will be removed
 * and freed with @f.
 *
 * Returns 0 if the removal succeeded and -1 in case of error or not found.
 */
int xmlHashRemoveEntry3(xmlHashTablePtr table, const xmlChar *name,
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    const xmlChar *name2, const xmlChar *name3, xmlHashDeallocator f) {
    unsigned long key;
    xmlHashEntryPtr entry;
    xmlHashEntryPtr prev = NULL;
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    if (table == NULL || name == NULL)
        return(-1);
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    key = xmlHashComputeKey(table, name, name2, name3);
    if (table->table[key] == NULL) {
        return(-1);
    } else {
        for (entry = table->table[key]; entry != NULL; entry = entry->next) {
            if (xmlStrEqual(entry->name, name) &&
                    xmlStrEqual(entry->name2, name2) &&
                    xmlStrEqual(entry->name3, name3)) {
                if(f)
                    f(entry->payload, entry->name);
                entry->payload = NULL;
                if(entry->name)
                    xmlFree(entry->name);
                if(entry->name2)
                    xmlFree(entry->name2);
                if(entry->name3)
                    xmlFree(entry->name3);
                if(prev)
                    prev->next = entry->next;
                else
                    table->table[key] = entry->next;
                xmlFree(entry);
                table->nbElems--;
                return(0);
            }
            prev = entry;
        }
        return(-1);
    }
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}