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/*
 * This file is part of the Sofia-SIP package
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2005 Nokia Corporation.
 *
 * Contact: Pekka Pessi <pekka.pessi@nokia.com>
 *
 * This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License
 * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2.1 of
 * the License, or (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
 * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
 * Lesser General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License along with this library; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA
 * 02110-1301 USA
 *
 */

/**@CFILE nta.c
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 * @brief Sofia SIP Transaction API implementation
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 * 
 * This source file has been divided into sections as follows:
 * 1) agent
 * 2) tport handling
 * 3) dispatching messages received from network
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 * 4) message creation and message utility functions
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 * 5) stateless operation
 * 6) dialogs (legs)
 * 7) server transactions (incoming)
 * 8) client transactions (outgoing)
 * 9) resolving URLs for client transactions
 * 10) 100rel reliable responses (reliable)
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 * 11) SigComp handling and public transport interface
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 * 
 * @author Pekka Pessi <Pekka.Pessi@nokia.com>
 * 
 * @date Created: Tue Jun 13 02:57:51 2000 ppessi
 */

#include "config.h"

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#include <sofia-sip/string0.h>
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/** @internal SU message argument structure type */
#define SU_MSG_ARG_T   union sm_arg_u
/** @internal SU timer argument pointer type */
#define SU_TIMER_ARG_T struct nta_agent_s

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#include <sofia-sip/su_alloc.h>
#include <sofia-sip/su.h>
#include <sofia-sip/su_time.h>
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#include <sofia-sip/su_wait.h>
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#include <sofia-sip/su_tagarg.h>
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#include <sofia-sip/base64.h>
#include <sofia-sip/su_uniqueid.h>
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#include <sofia-sip/sip.h>
#include <sofia-sip/sip_header.h>
#include <sofia-sip/sip_util.h>
#include <sofia-sip/sip_status.h>
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#include <sofia-sip/hostdomain.h>

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#include <sofia-sip/msg_addr.h>
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#include <sofia-sip/msg_parser.h>
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#include "nta_internal.h"
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#include "sofia-sip/nta_stateless.h"
#include "sofia-sip/url_tag.h"
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#include <stddef.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdarg.h>
#include <assert.h>
#include <limits.h>
#include <errno.h>

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/* From AM_INIT/AC_INIT in our "config.h" */
char const nta_version[] = PACKAGE_VERSION;

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#if HAVE_FUNC
#elif HAVE_FUNCTION
#define __func__ __FUNCTION__
#else
static char const __func__[] = "nta";
#endif

#define NONE ((void *)-1)

/* Internal tags */

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/* Delay sending of request */
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#define NTATAG_DELAY_SENDING(x) ntatag_delay_sending, tag_bool_v((x))
#define NTATAG_DELAY_SENDING_REF(x) \
ntatag_delay_sending_ref, tag_bool_vr(&(x))

extern tag_typedef_t ntatag_delay_sending;
extern tag_typedef_t ntatag_delay_sending_ref;

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/* Allow sending incomplete responses */
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#define NTATAG_INCOMPLETE(x) ntatag_incomplete, tag_bool_v((x))
#define NTATAG_INCOMPLETE_REF(x) \
ntatag_incomplete_ref, tag_bool_vr(&(x))

extern tag_typedef_t ntatag_incomplete;
extern tag_typedef_t ntatag_incomplete_ref;

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nta_compressor_vtable_t *nta_compressor_vtable = NULL;

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/* Agent */
static int agent_tag_init(nta_agent_t *self);
static int agent_timer_init(nta_agent_t *agent);
static void agent_timer(su_root_magic_t *rm, su_timer_t *, nta_agent_t *);
static int agent_launch_terminator(nta_agent_t *agent);
static void agent_kill_terminator(nta_agent_t *agent);
static int agent_set_params(nta_agent_t *agent, tagi_t *tags);
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static void agent_set_udp_params(nta_agent_t *self, usize_t udp_mtu);
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static int agent_get_params(nta_agent_t *agent, tagi_t *tags);

/* Transport interface */
static sip_via_t const *agent_tport_via(tport_t *tport);
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static int outgoing_insert_via(nta_outgoing_t *orq, sip_via_t const *);
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static int nta_tpn_by_via(tp_name_t *tpn, sip_via_t const *v, int *using_rport);

static msg_t *nta_msg_create_for_transport(nta_agent_t *agent, int flags,
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					   char const data[], usize_t dlen,
					   tport_t const *tport,
					   tp_client_t *via);
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static int complete_response(msg_t *response, 
			     int status, char const *phrase, 
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			     msg_t *request);
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#define IF_SIGCOMP_TPTAG_COMPARTMENT(cc)     TAG_IF(cc, TPTAG_COMPARTMENT(cc)),
#define IF_SIGCOMP_TPTAG_COMPARTMENT_REF(cc) TPTAG_COMPARTMENT_REF(cc),
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struct sigcomp_compartment;
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struct sigcomp_compartment *
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nta_compartment_ref(struct sigcomp_compartment *cc);
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static
struct sigcomp_compartment *
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agent_compression_compartment(nta_agent_t *sa, tport_t *tp, tp_name_t const *tpn,
			      int new_if_needed);
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static
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int agent_accept_compressed(nta_agent_t *sa, msg_t *msg,
			    struct sigcomp_compartment *cc);
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static int agent_close_compressor(nta_agent_t *sa,
				  struct sigcomp_compartment *cc);

static int agent_zap_compressor(nta_agent_t *sa,
				struct sigcomp_compartment *cc);
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static char const * stateful_branch(su_home_t *home, nta_agent_t *);
static char const * stateless_branch(nta_agent_t *, msg_t *, sip_t const *,
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				    tp_name_t const *tp);

#define NTA_BRANCH_PRIME SU_U64_C(0xB9591D1C361C6521)
#define NTA_TAG_PRIME    SU_U64_C(0xB9591D1C361C6521)

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HTABLE_PROTOS_WITH(leg_htable, lht, nta_leg_t, size_t, hash_value_t);
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static nta_leg_t *leg_find(nta_agent_t const *sa,
			   char const *method_name,
			   url_t const *request_uri,
			   sip_call_id_t const *i,
			   char const *from_tag,
			   url_t const *from_uri,
			   char const *to_tag,
			   url_t const *to_uri);
static nta_leg_t *dst_find(nta_agent_t const *sa, url_t const *u0,
			   char const *method);
static void leg_recv(nta_leg_t *, msg_t *, sip_t *, tport_t *);
static void leg_free(nta_agent_t *sa, nta_leg_t *leg);

#define NTA_HASH(i, cs) ((i)->i_hash + 26839U * (uint32_t)(cs))

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HTABLE_PROTOS_WITH(incoming_htable, iht, nta_incoming_t, size_t, hash_value_t);
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static nta_incoming_t *incoming_create(nta_agent_t *agent,
				       msg_t *request,
				       sip_t *sip,
				       tport_t *tport,
				       char const *tag);
static int incoming_callback(nta_leg_t *leg, nta_incoming_t *irq, sip_t *sip);
static void incoming_free(nta_incoming_t *irq);
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su_inline void incoming_cut_off(nta_incoming_t *irq);
su_inline void incoming_reclaim(nta_incoming_t *irq);
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static void incoming_queue_init(incoming_queue_t *, 
				unsigned timeout);
static void incoming_queue_adjust(nta_agent_t *sa, 
				  incoming_queue_t *queue, 
				  unsigned timeout);

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su_inline
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nta_incoming_t *incoming_find(nta_agent_t const *agent, sip_t const *sip,
			      sip_via_t const *v,
			      nta_incoming_t **merge,
			      nta_incoming_t **ack);
static int incoming_reply(nta_incoming_t *irq, msg_t *msg, sip_t *sip);
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su_inline int incoming_recv(nta_incoming_t *irq, msg_t *msg, sip_t *sip,
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				tport_t *tport);
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su_inline int incoming_ack(nta_incoming_t *irq, msg_t *msg, sip_t *sip,
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			       tport_t *tport);
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su_inline int incoming_cancel(nta_incoming_t *irq, msg_t *msg, sip_t *sip,
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				  tport_t *tport);
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su_inline int incoming_merge(nta_incoming_t *irq, msg_t *msg, sip_t *sip,
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				 tport_t *tport);
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su_inline int incoming_timestamp(nta_incoming_t *, msg_t *, sip_t *);
su_inline su_duration_t incoming_timer(nta_agent_t *, su_duration_t);
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static nta_reliable_t *reliable_mreply(nta_incoming_t *,
				       nta_prack_f *, nta_reliable_magic_t *,
				       msg_t *, sip_t *);
static int reliable_send(nta_incoming_t *, nta_reliable_t *, msg_t *, sip_t *);
static int reliable_final(nta_incoming_t *irq, msg_t *msg, sip_t *sip);
static msg_t *reliable_response(nta_incoming_t *irq);
static int reliable_recv(nta_incoming_t *, msg_t *, sip_t *, tport_t *);
static void reliable_flush(nta_incoming_t *irq);
static void reliable_timeout(nta_incoming_t *irq, int timeout);

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HTABLE_PROTOS_WITH(outgoing_htable, oht, nta_outgoing_t, size_t, hash_value_t);
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static nta_outgoing_t *outgoing_create(nta_agent_t *agent,
				       nta_response_f *callback,
				       nta_outgoing_magic_t *magic,
				       url_string_t const *route_url,
				       tp_name_t const *tpn,
				       msg_t *msg,
				       tag_type_t tag, tag_value_t value, ...);
static void outgoing_queue_init(outgoing_queue_t *, 
				unsigned timeout);
static void outgoing_queue_adjust(nta_agent_t *sa, 
				  outgoing_queue_t *queue, 
				  unsigned timeout);
static void outgoing_free(nta_outgoing_t *orq);
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su_inline void outgoing_cut_off(nta_outgoing_t *orq);
su_inline void outgoing_reclaim(nta_outgoing_t *orq);
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static nta_outgoing_t *outgoing_find(nta_agent_t const *sa,
				     msg_t const *msg,
				     sip_t const *sip,
				     sip_via_t const *v);
static int outgoing_recv(nta_outgoing_t *orq, int status, msg_t *, sip_t *);
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static void outgoing_default_recv(nta_outgoing_t *, int, msg_t *, sip_t *);
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su_inline su_duration_t outgoing_timer(nta_agent_t *, su_duration_t);
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static int outgoing_recv_reliable(nta_outgoing_t *orq, msg_t *msg, sip_t *sip);

/* Internal message passing */
union sm_arg_u {
  struct leg_recv_s {
    nta_leg_t    *leg;
    msg_t        *msg;
    tport_t      *tport;
  } a_leg_recv[1];

  struct outgoing_recv_s {
    nta_outgoing_t *orq;
    msg_t          *msg;
    sip_t          *sip;
    int             status;
  } a_outgoing_recv[1];

  incoming_queue_t a_incoming_queue[1];
  outgoing_queue_t a_outgoing_queue[1];
};

/* Global module data */

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/**@var char const NTA_DEBUG[];
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 *
 * Environment variable determining the default debug log level.
 *
 * The NTA_DEBUG environment variable is used to determine the default
 * debug logging level. The normal level is 3.
 * 
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 * @sa <sofia-sip/su_debug.h>, #su_log_global, #SOFIA_DEBUG
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 */
extern char const NTA_DEBUG[];

#ifndef SU_DEBUG
#define SU_DEBUG 3
#endif

/**Debug log for @b nta module. 
 * 
 * The nta_log is the log object used by @b nta module. The level of
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 * nta_log is set using #NTA_DEBUG environment variable.
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 */
su_log_t nta_log[] = { SU_LOG_INIT("nta", "NTA_DEBUG", SU_DEBUG) };

/* ====================================================================== */
/* 1) Agent */

/**
 * Create an NTA agent object.
 *
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 * Create an NTA agent object.  The agent
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 * object creates and binds a server socket with address specified in @e url.
 * If the @e host portion of the @e url is @c "*", the agent listens to all
 * addresses available on the host.
 *
 * When a message is received, the agent object parses it.  If the result is
 * a valid SIP message, the agent object passes the message to the
 * application by invoking the nta_message_f @e callback function.
 *
 * @note
 * The @e url can be either parsed url (of type url_t ()), or a valid
 * SIP URL as a string.
 *
 * @note
 * If @e url is @c NULL, the default @e url @c "sip:*" is used.
 * @par
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 * If @e url is @c NONE (iow, (void*)-1), no server sockets are bound.
 * @par
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 * If @p transport parameters are specified in @a url, agent uses only
 * specified transport type.
 *
 * @par
 * If an @p maddr parameter is specified in @e url, agent binds to the
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 * specified address, but uses @e host part of @e url when it generates
 * @Contact and @Via headers. The @p maddr parameter is also included,
 * unless it equals to @c INADDR_ANY (@p 0.0.0.0 or @p [::]).
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 *
 * @param root          pointer to a su_root_t used for synchronization
 * @param contact_url   URL that agent uses to bind the server sockets
 * @param callback      pointer to callback function
 * @param magic         pointer to user data
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 * @param tag,value,... tagged arguments
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 *
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 * @TAGS
 * NTATAG_ALIASES(),
 * NTATAG_BAD_REQ_MASK(), NTATAG_BAD_RESP_MASK(), NTATAG_BLACKLIST(),
 * NTATAG_CANCEL_2543(), NTATAG_CANCEL_487(), NTATAG_CLIENT_RPORT(),
 * NTATAG_DEBUG_DROP_PROB(), NTATAG_DEFAULT_PROXY(),
 * NTATAG_EXTRA_100(),
 * NTATAG_MAXSIZE(), NTATAG_MAX_FORWARDS(), NTATAG_MERGE_482(), NTATAG_MCLASS()
 * NTATAG_PASS_100(), NTATAG_PASS_408(), NTATAG_PRELOAD(), NTATAG_PROGRESS(), 
 * NTATAG_REL100(), 
 * NTATAG_SERVER_RPORT(),
 * NTATAG_SIPFLAGS(),
 * NTATAG_SIP_T1X64(), NTATAG_SIP_T1(), NTATAG_SIP_T2(), NTATAG_SIP_T4(),
 * NTATAG_STATELESS(),
 * NTATAG_TAG_3261(), NTATAG_TCP_RPORT(), NTATAG_TIMEOUT_408(),
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 * NTATAG_TIMER_C(),
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 * NTATAG_UA(), NTATAG_UDP_MTU(), NTATAG_USER_VIA(),
 * NTATAG_USE_NAPTR(), NTATAG_USE_SRV() and NTATAG_USE_TIMESTAMP().
 *
 * @note The value from following tags are stored, but they currently do nothing:
 * NTATAG_SIGCOMP_ALGORITHM(), NTATAG_SIGCOMP_OPTIONS(), NTATAG_SMIME()
 *
 * @note It is possible to provide @c (url_string_t*)-1 as @a contact_url. 
 * In that case, no server sockets are bound.
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 * 
 * @retval handle to the agent when successful,
 * @retval NULL upon an error.
 *
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 * @sa NUTAG_
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 */
nta_agent_t *nta_agent_create(su_root_t *root,
			      url_string_t const *contact_url,
			      nta_message_f *callback,
			      nta_agent_magic_t *magic,
			      tag_type_t tag, tag_value_t value, ...)
{
  nta_agent_t *agent;
  ta_list ta;

  if (root == NULL)
    return su_seterrno(EINVAL), NULL;

  ta_start(ta, tag, value);

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  if ((agent = su_home_new(sizeof(*agent)))) {
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    unsigned timer_c;

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    agent->sa_root = root;
    agent->sa_callback = callback;
    agent->sa_magic = magic;
    agent->sa_flags = MSG_DO_CANONIC;

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    agent->sa_maxsize         = 2 * 1024 * 1024; /* 2 MB */
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    agent->sa_bad_req_mask    = 
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      /*
       * Bit-wise not of these - what is left is suitable for UAs with 
       * 100rel, timer, events, publish 
       */
      (unsigned) ~(sip_mask_response | sip_mask_proxy | sip_mask_registrar | 
		   sip_mask_pref | sip_mask_privacy);
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    agent->sa_bad_resp_mask   = 
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      (unsigned) ~(sip_mask_request | sip_mask_proxy | sip_mask_registrar | 
		   sip_mask_pref | sip_mask_privacy);
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    agent->sa_t1 	      = NTA_SIP_T1;
    agent->sa_t2 	      = NTA_SIP_T2;
    agent->sa_t4              = NTA_SIP_T4;
    agent->sa_t1x64 	      = 64 * NTA_SIP_T1;
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    agent->sa_timer_c         = 185 * 1000;
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    agent->sa_drop_prob       = 0;
    agent->sa_is_a_uas        = 0;
    agent->sa_progress        = 60 * 1000;
    agent->sa_user_via        = 0;
    agent->sa_extra_100       = 0;
    agent->sa_pass_100        = 0;
    agent->sa_timeout_408     = 1;
    agent->sa_pass_408        = 0;
    agent->sa_merge_482       = 0;
    agent->sa_cancel_2543     = 0;
    agent->sa_cancel_487      = 1;
    agent->sa_invite_100rel   = 0;
    agent->sa_timestamp       = 0;
    agent->sa_use_naptr       = 1;
    agent->sa_use_srv         = 1;
    agent->sa_auto_comp       = 0;
    agent->sa_server_rport    = 1;

    /* RFC 3261 section 8.1.1.6 */
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    sip_max_forwards_init(agent->sa_max_forwards);
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    if (getenv("SIPCOMPACT"))
      agent->sa_flags |= MSG_DO_COMPACT;

    agent_set_params(agent, ta_args(ta));

    if (agent->sa_mclass == NULL)
      agent->sa_mclass = sip_default_mclass();

    agent->sa_in.re_t1 = &agent->sa_in.re_list;
    
    incoming_queue_init(agent->sa_in.proceeding, 0);
    incoming_queue_init(agent->sa_in.preliminary, agent->sa_t1x64); /* P1 */
    incoming_queue_init(agent->sa_in.inv_completed, agent->sa_t1x64); /* H */
    incoming_queue_init(agent->sa_in.inv_confirmed, agent->sa_t4); /* I */
    incoming_queue_init(agent->sa_in.completed, agent->sa_t1x64); /* J */
    incoming_queue_init(agent->sa_in.terminated, 0);
    incoming_queue_init(agent->sa_in.final_failed, 0); 

    agent->sa_out.re_t1 = &agent->sa_out.re_list;

    outgoing_queue_init(agent->sa_out.delayed, 0);
    outgoing_queue_init(agent->sa_out.resolving, 0);
    outgoing_queue_init(agent->sa_out.trying, agent->sa_t1x64); /* F */
    outgoing_queue_init(agent->sa_out.completed, agent->sa_t4); /* K */
    outgoing_queue_init(agent->sa_out.terminated, 0); 
    /* Special queues (states) for outgoing INVITE transactions */
    outgoing_queue_init(agent->sa_out.inv_calling, agent->sa_t1x64); /* B */
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    timer_c = (agent->sa_use_timer_c || !agent->sa_is_a_uas)
      ? agent->sa_timer_c : 0;
    outgoing_queue_init(agent->sa_out.inv_proceeding, timer_c); /* C */
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    outgoing_queue_init(agent->sa_out.inv_completed, 32000); /* Timer D */

    if (leg_htable_resize(agent->sa_home, agent->sa_dialogs, 0) < 0 ||
	leg_htable_resize(agent->sa_home, agent->sa_defaults, 0) < 0 ||
	outgoing_htable_resize(agent->sa_home, agent->sa_outgoing, 0) < 0 ||
	incoming_htable_resize(agent->sa_home, agent->sa_incoming, 0) < 0) {
      SU_DEBUG_0(("nta_agent_create: failure with %s\n", "hash tables"));
      goto deinit;
    }
    SU_DEBUG_9(("nta_agent_create: initialized %s\n", "hash tables"));

    if (contact_url != (url_string_t *)-1 &&
	nta_agent_add_tport(agent, contact_url, ta_tags(ta)) < 0) {
      SU_DEBUG_7(("nta_agent_create: failure with %s\n", "transport"));
      goto deinit;
    }
    SU_DEBUG_9(("nta_agent_create: initialized %s\n", "transports"));

    if (agent_tag_init(agent) < 0) {
      SU_DEBUG_3(("nta_agent_create: failure with %s\n", "random identifiers"));
      goto deinit;
    }
    SU_DEBUG_9(("nta_agent_create: initialized %s\n", "random identifiers"));

    if (agent_timer_init(agent) < 0) {
      SU_DEBUG_0(("nta_agent_create: failure with %s\n", "timer"));
      goto deinit;
    }
    SU_DEBUG_9(("nta_agent_create: initialized %s\n", "timer"));

    if (agent_launch_terminator(agent) == 0)
      SU_DEBUG_9(("nta_agent_create: initialized %s\n", "threads"));

#if HAVE_SOFIA_SRESOLV
    agent->sa_resolver = sres_resolver_create(root, NULL, ta_tags(ta));
    if (!agent->sa_resolver) {
      SU_DEBUG_0(("nta_agent_create: failure with %s\n", "resolver"));
    }
    SU_DEBUG_9(("nta_agent_create: initialized %s\n", "resolver"));
#endif

    ta_end(ta);

    return agent;

  deinit:
    nta_agent_destroy(agent);
  }

  ta_end(ta);

  return NULL;
}

/**
 * Destroy an NTA agent object.
 *
 * @param agent the NTA agent object to be destroyed.
 *
 */
void nta_agent_destroy(nta_agent_t *agent)
{
  if (agent) {
    size_t i;
    outgoing_htable_t *oht = agent->sa_outgoing;
    incoming_htable_t *iht = agent->sa_incoming;
    /* Currently, this is pretty pointless, as legs don't keep any resources */
    leg_htable_t *lht;
    nta_leg_t *leg;

    for (i = 0, lht = agent->sa_dialogs; i < lht->lht_size; i++) {
      if ((leg = lht->lht_table[i])) {
	SU_DEBUG_3(("nta_agent_destroy: destroying dialog with <"
		    URL_PRINT_FORMAT ">\n",
		    URL_PRINT_ARGS(leg->leg_remote->a_url)));
	leg_free(agent, leg);
      }
    }

    for (i = 0, lht = agent->sa_defaults; i < lht->lht_size; i++) {
      if ((leg = lht->lht_table[i])) {
	SU_DEBUG_3(("%s: destroying leg for <" 
		    URL_PRINT_FORMAT ">\n",
		    __func__, URL_PRINT_ARGS(leg->leg_url)));
	leg_free(agent, leg);
      }
    }

    if (agent->sa_default_leg)
      leg_free(agent, agent->sa_default_leg);

    for (i = iht->iht_size; i-- > 0; )
      while (iht->iht_table[i]) {
	nta_incoming_t *irq = iht->iht_table[i];

	if (!irq->irq_destroyed)
	  SU_DEBUG_3(("%s: destroying %s server transaction from <"
		      URL_PRINT_FORMAT ">\n",
		      __func__, irq->irq_rq->rq_method_name,
		      URL_PRINT_ARGS(irq->irq_from->a_url)));

	incoming_free(irq);
      }

    for (i = oht->oht_size; i-- > 0;)
      while (oht->oht_table[i]) {
	nta_outgoing_t *orq = oht->oht_table[i];

	if (!orq->orq_destroyed)
	  SU_DEBUG_3(("%s: destroying %s client transaction to <"
		      URL_PRINT_FORMAT ">\n",
		      __func__, orq->orq_method_name,
		      URL_PRINT_ARGS(orq->orq_to->a_url)));

	outgoing_free(orq);
      }

    su_timer_destroy(agent->sa_timer), agent->sa_timer = NULL;

#   if HAVE_SOFIA_SRESOLV
    sres_resolver_destroy(agent->sa_resolver), agent->sa_resolver = NULL;
#   endif

    tport_destroy(agent->sa_tports), agent->sa_tports = NULL;

    agent_kill_terminator(agent);

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    su_home_unref(agent->sa_home);
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  }
}

/** Return agent context. */
nta_agent_magic_t *nta_agent_magic(nta_agent_t const *agent)
{
  return agent ? agent->sa_magic : NULL;
}

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/** Return @Contact header.
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 *
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 * Get a @Contact header, which can be used to reach @a agent.
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 *
 * @param agent NTA agent object
 *
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 * User agents can insert the @Contact header in the outgoing REGISTER,
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 * INVITE, and ACK requests and replies to incoming INVITE and OPTIONS
 * transactions.
 *
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 * Proxies can use the @Contact header to create appropriate @RecordRoute
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 * headers:
 * @code
 * r_r = sip_record_route_create(msg_home(msg),
 *	 			 sip->sip_request->rq_url,
 *				 contact->m_url);
 * @endcode
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 *
 * @return A sip_contact_t object corresponding to the @a agent.
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 */
sip_contact_t *nta_agent_contact(nta_agent_t const *agent)
{
  return agent ? agent->sa_contact : NULL;
}

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/** Return a list of @Via headers.
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 *
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 * Get @Via headers for all activated transport.
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 *
 * @param agent NTA agent object
 *
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 * @return A list of #sip_via_t objects used by the @a agent.
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 */
sip_via_t *nta_agent_via(nta_agent_t const *agent)
{
  return agent ? agent->sa_vias : NULL;
}

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/** Return a list of public (UPnP, STUN) @Via headers.
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 *
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 * Get public @Via headers for all activated transports.
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 *
 * @param agent NTA agent object
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 *
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 * @return A list of #sip_via_t objects used by the @a agent.
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 */
sip_via_t *nta_agent_public_via(nta_agent_t const *agent)
{
  return agent ? agent->sa_public_vias : NULL;
}

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/** Match a @Via header @a v with @Via headers in @a agent.
 *
 */
static
sip_via_t *agent_has_via(nta_agent_t const *agent, sip_via_t const *via)
{
  sip_via_t const *v;

  for (v = agent->sa_public_vias; v; v = v->v_next) {
    if (strcasecmp(via->v_host, v->v_host))
      continue;
    if (str0cmp(via->v_port, v->v_port))
      continue;
    if (strcasecmp(via->v_protocol, v->v_protocol))
      continue;
    return (sip_via_t *)v;
  }

  for (v = agent->sa_vias; v; v = v->v_next) {
    if (strcasecmp(via->v_host, v->v_host))
      continue;
    if (str0cmp(via->v_port, v->v_port))
      continue;
    if (strcasecmp(via->v_protocol, v->v_protocol))
      continue;
    return (sip_via_t *)v;
  }

  return NULL;
}

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/** Return @UserAgent header.
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 *
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 * Get @UserAgent information with NTA version.
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 *
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 * @param agent NTA agent object (may be NULL)
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 *
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 * @return A string containing the @a agent version.
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 */
char const *nta_agent_version(nta_agent_t const *agent)
{
  return "nta" "/" VERSION;
}

/** Initialize default tag */
static int agent_tag_init(nta_agent_t *self)
{
  sip_contact_t *m = self->sa_contact;
  uint32_t hash = 1;

  if (m) {

    if (m->m_url->url_user)
      hash = 914715421U * hash + msg_hash_string(m->m_url->url_user);
    if (m->m_url->url_host)
      hash = 914715421U * hash + msg_hash_string(m->m_url->url_host);
    if (m->m_url->url_port)
      hash = 914715421U * hash + msg_hash_string(m->m_url->url_port);
    if (m->m_url->url_params)
      hash = 914715421U * hash + msg_hash_string(m->m_url->url_params);
  }

  if (hash == 0)
    hash = 914715421U;

  self->sa_branch = NTA_BRANCH_PRIME * su_ntp_now();
  self->sa_branch *= hash;

  self->sa_tags = NTA_TAG_PRIME * self->sa_branch;

  return 0;
}

/** Initialize agent timer. */
static
int agent_timer_init(nta_agent_t *agent)
{
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  agent->sa_timer = su_timer_create(su_root_task(agent->sa_root),
				    NTA_SIP_T1 / 8);
#if 0
  return su_timer_set(agent->sa_timer,
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		      agent_timer,
		      agent);
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#endif
  return -(agent->sa_timer == NULL);
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}

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#define NEXT_TIMEOUT(next, p, f, now) \
  (p && p->f - (next) < 0 ? (p->f - (now) > 0 ? p->f : (now)) : (next))

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/**
 * Agent timer routine.
 */
static
void agent_timer(su_root_magic_t *rm, su_timer_t *timer, nta_agent_t *agent)
{
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  su_time_t stamp = su_now();
  su_duration_t now = su_time_ms(stamp), next;
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  now += now == 0;

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  agent->sa_now = stamp;
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  agent->sa_millisec = now;
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  agent->sa_next = 0;
  agent->sa_in_timer = 1;
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  next = now + SU_DURATION_MAX;
  next = outgoing_timer(agent, next);
  next = incoming_timer(agent, next);
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  agent->sa_millisec = 0;
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  agent->sa_in_timer = 0;

  if (agent->sa_next)
    next = NEXT_TIMEOUT(next, agent, sa_next, now);

  if (next == now + SU_DURATION_MAX) {
    /* Do not set timer */
    SU_DEBUG_9(("nta: timer not set\n"));
    assert(!agent->sa_out.completed->q_head);
    assert(!agent->sa_out.trying->q_head);
    assert(!agent->sa_out.inv_calling->q_head);
    assert(!agent->sa_out.re_list);
    assert(!agent->sa_in.inv_confirmed->q_head);
    assert(!agent->sa_in.preliminary->q_head);
    assert(!agent->sa_in.completed->q_head);
    assert(!agent->sa_in.inv_completed->q_head);
    assert(!agent->sa_in.re_list);
    return;
  }
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  if (next == now) if (++next == 0) ++next;

  SU_DEBUG_9(("nta: timer %s to %ld ms\n", "set next", (long)(next - now)));

  agent->sa_next = next;

  su_timer_set_at(timer, agent_timer, agent, su_time_add(stamp, next - now));
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}

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/** Calculate nonzero value for timeout.
 *
 * Sets or adjusts agent timer when needed.
 *
 * @retval 0 if offset is 0
 * @retval timeout (millisecond counter) otherwise
 */
static
su_duration_t set_timeout(nta_agent_t *agent, su_duration_t offset)
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{
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  su_time_t now;
  su_duration_t next, ms;
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  if (offset == 0)
    return 0;

  if (agent->sa_millisec) /* Avoid expensive call to su_timer_ms() */
    now = agent->sa_now, ms = agent->sa_millisec;
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  else
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    now = su_now(), ms = (su_duration_t)su_time_ms(now);
  
  next = ms + offset; if (next == 0) next = 1;
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  if (agent->sa_in_timer)
    return next;

  if (agent->sa_next == 0 || agent->sa_next - next - 5L > 0) {
    /* Set timer */
    if (agent->sa_next)
      SU_DEBUG_9(("nta: timer %s to %ld ms\n", "shortened", (long)offset));
    else
      SU_DEBUG_9(("nta: timer %s to %ld ms\n", "set", (long)offset));
      
    su_timer_set_at(agent->sa_timer, agent_timer, agent, 
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		    su_time_add(now, offset));
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    agent->sa_next = next;
  }
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  return next;
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}


/** Return current timeval. */
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static
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su_time_t agent_now(nta_agent_t const *agent)
{
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  if (agent && agent->sa_millisec != 0)
    return agent->sa_now;
  else 
    return su_now();
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}


/** Launch transaction terminator task */
static
int agent_launch_terminator(nta_agent_t *agent)
{
#ifdef TPTAG_THRPSIZE
  if (agent->sa_tport_threadpool) {
    su_home_threadsafe(agent->sa_home);
    return su_clone_start(agent->sa_root, 
			  agent->sa_terminator,
			  NULL,
			  NULL,
			  NULL);
  }
#endif
  return -1;
}

/** Kill transaction terminator task */
static
void agent_kill_terminator(nta_agent_t *agent)
{
  su_clone_wait(agent->sa_root, agent->sa_terminator);
}


/**Set NTA Parameters.
 *
 * The nta_agent_set_params() function sets the stack parameters. The
 * parameters determine the way NTA handles the retransmissions, how long
 * NTA keeps transactions alive, does NTA apply proxy or user-agent logic to
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 * INVITE transactions, or how the @Via headers are generated.
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 *
 * @note 
 * Setting the parameters NTATAG_MAXSIZE(), NTATAG_UDP_MTU(),
 * NTATAG_SIP_T1X64(), NTATAG_SIP_T1(), NTATAG_SIP_T2(), NTATAG_SIP_T4() to
 * 0 selects the default value.
 *
 * @TAGS
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 * NTATAG_ALIASES(),
 * NTATAG_BAD_REQ_MASK(), NTATAG_BAD_RESP_MASK(), NTATAG_BLACKLIST(),
 * NTATAG_CANCEL_2543(), NTATAG_CANCEL_487(), NTATAG_CLIENT_RPORT(),
 * NTATAG_DEBUG_DROP_PROB(), NTATAG_DEFAULT_PROXY(),
 * NTATAG_EXTRA_100(),
 * NTATAG_MAXSIZE(), NTATAG_MAX_FORWARDS(), NTATAG_MERGE_482(), NTATAG_MCLASS()
 * NTATAG_PASS_100(), NTATAG_PASS_408(), NTATAG_PRELOAD(), NTATAG_PROGRESS(), 
 * NTATAG_REL100(), 
 * NTATAG_SERVER_RPORT(),
 * NTATAG_SIPFLAGS(),
 * NTATAG_SIP_T1X64(), NTATAG_SIP_T1(), NTATAG_SIP_T2(), NTATAG_SIP_T4(),
 * NTATAG_STATELESS(),
 * NTATAG_TAG_3261(), NTATAG_TCP_RPORT(), NTATAG_TIMEOUT_408(),
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 * NTATAG_TIMER_C(),
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 * NTATAG_UA(), NTATAG_UDP_MTU(), NTATAG_USER_VIA(),
 * NTATAG_USE_NAPTR(), NTATAG_USE_SRV() and NTATAG_USE_TIMESTAMP().
 *
 * @note The value from following tags are stored, but they currently do nothing:
 * NTATAG_SIGCOMP_ALGORITHM(), NTATAG_SIGCOMP_OPTIONS(), NTATAG_SMIME()
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 */
int nta_agent_set_params(nta_agent_t *agent,
			 tag_type_t tag, tag_value_t value, ...)
{
  int retval;

  if (agent) {
    ta_list ta;
    ta_start(ta, tag, value);
    retval = agent_set_params(agent, ta_args(ta));
    ta_end(ta);
  } else {
    su_seterrno(EINVAL);
    retval = -1;
  }

  return retval;
}

/** Internal function for setting tags */
static
int agent_set_params(nta_agent_t *agent, tagi_t *tags)
{
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  int n, nC, m;
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  unsigned bad_req_mask = agent->sa_bad_req_mask;
  unsigned bad_resp_mask = agent->sa_bad_resp_mask;
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  usize_t  maxsize    = agent->sa_maxsize;
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  unsigned max_forwards = agent->sa_max_forwards->mf_count;
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  usize_t  udp_mtu    = agent->sa_udp_mtu;
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  unsigned sip_t1     = agent->sa_t1;
  unsigned sip_t2     = agent->sa_t2;
  unsigned sip_t4     = agent->sa_t4;
  unsigned sip_t1x64  = agent->sa_t1x64;
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  unsigned timer_c    = agent->sa_timer_c;
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  unsigned blacklist  = agent->sa_blacklist;
  int ua              = agent->sa_is_a_uas;
  unsigned progress   = agent->sa_progress;
  int stateless       = agent->sa_is_stateless;
  unsigned drop_prob  = agent->sa_drop_prob;
  int user_via        = agent->sa_user_via;
  int extra_100       = agent->sa_extra_100;
  int pass_100        = agent->sa_pass_100;
  int timeout_408     = agent->sa_timeout_408;
  int pass_408        = agent->sa_pass_408;
  int merge_482       = agent->sa_merge_482;
  int cancel_2543     = agent->sa_cancel_2543;
  int cancel_487      = agent->sa_cancel_487;
  int invite_100rel   = agent->sa_invite_100rel;
  int use_timestamp   = agent->sa_timestamp;
  int use_naptr       = agent->sa_use_naptr;
  int use_srv         = agent->sa_use_srv;
  void *smime         = agent->sa_smime;
  uint32_t flags      = agent->sa_flags;
  int rport           = agent->sa_rport;
  int server_rport    = agent->sa_server_rport;
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  int tcp_rport       = agent->sa_tcp_rport;
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  unsigned preload         = agent->sa_preload;
  unsigned threadpool      = agent->sa_tport_threadpool;
  char const *sigcomp = agent->sa_sigcomp_options;
  char const *algorithm = NONE;
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  msg_mclass_t const *mclass = NONE;
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  sip_contact_t const *aliases = NONE;
  url_string_t const *proxy = NONE;
  tport_t *tport;

  su_home_t *home = agent->sa_home;

  n = tl_gets(tags,
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	      NTATAG_ALIASES_REF(aliases),
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	      NTATAG_BAD_REQ_MASK_REF(bad_req_mask),
	      NTATAG_BAD_RESP_MASK_REF(bad_resp_mask),
	      NTATAG_BLACKLIST_REF(blacklist),
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	      NTATAG_CANCEL_2543_REF(cancel_2543),
	      NTATAG_CANCEL_487_REF(cancel_487),
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	      NTATAG_DEBUG_DROP_PROB_REF(drop_prob),
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	      NTATAG_DEFAULT_PROXY_REF(proxy),
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	      NTATAG_EXTRA_100_REF(extra_100),
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	      NTATAG_MAXSIZE_REF(maxsize),
	      NTATAG_MAX_FORWARDS_REF(max_forwards),
	      NTATAG_MCLASS_REF(mclass),
	      NTATAG_MERGE_482_REF(merge_482),
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	      NTATAG_PASS_100_REF(pass_100),
	      NTATAG_PASS_408_REF(pass_408),
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	      NTATAG_PRELOAD_REF(preload),
	      NTATAG_PROGRESS_REF(progress),
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	      NTATAG_REL100_REF(invite_100rel),
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	      NTATAG_RPORT_REF(rport),
	      NTATAG_SERVER_RPORT_REF(server_rport),
	      NTATAG_SIGCOMP_ALGORITHM_REF(algorithm),
	      NTATAG_SIGCOMP_OPTIONS_REF(sigcomp),
	      NTATAG_SIPFLAGS_REF(flags),
	      NTATAG_SIP_T1X64_REF(sip_t1x64),
	      NTATAG_SIP_T1_REF(sip_t1),
	      NTATAG_SIP_T2_REF(sip_t2),
	      NTATAG_SIP_T4_REF(sip_t4),
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#if HAVE_SOFIA_SMIME
	      NTATAG_SMIME_REF(smime),
#endif
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	      NTATAG_STATELESS_REF(stateless),
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	      NTATAG_TCP_RPORT_REF(tcp_rport),
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	      NTATAG_TIMEOUT_408_REF(timeout_408),
	      NTATAG_UA_REF(ua),
	      NTATAG_UDP_MTU_REF(udp_mtu),
	      NTATAG_USER_VIA_REF(user_via),
	      NTATAG_USE_NAPTR_REF(use_naptr),
	      NTATAG_USE_SRV_REF(use_srv),
	      NTATAG_USE_TIMESTAMP_REF(use_timestamp),
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#ifdef TPTAG_THRPSIZE
	      /* If threadpool is enabled, start a separate "reaper thread" */
	      TPTAG_THRPSIZE_REF(threadpool),
#endif
	      TAG_END());
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  nC = tl_gets(tags,
	       NTATAG_TIMER_C_REF(timer_c),
	       TAG_END());
  n += nC;
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  if (mclass != NONE)
    agent->sa_mclass = mclass ? mclass : sip_default_mclass();

  m = 0;
  for (tport = agent->sa_tports; tport; tport = tport_next(tport)) {
    m = tport_set_params(tport, TAG_NEXT(tags));
  }

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  if (m == -1)
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    return m;

  n += m;

  if (aliases != NONE) {
    sip_contact_t const *m, *m_next;

    m = agent->sa_aliases;
    agent->sa_aliases = sip_contact_dup(home, aliases);

    for (; m; m = m_next) {	/* Free old aliases */
      m_next = m->m_next;
      su_free(home, (void *)m);
    }
  }

  if (proxy != NONE) {
    url_t *dp = url_hdup(home, proxy->us_url);

    url_sanitize(dp);

    if (dp == NULL || dp->url_type == url_sip || dp->url_type == url_sips) {
      if (agent->sa_default_proxy)
	su_free(home, agent->sa_default_proxy);
      agent->sa_default_proxy = dp;
    }
    else
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      n = -1;
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  }

  if (algorithm != NONE)
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    agent->sa_algorithm = su_strdup(home, algorithm);
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  if (str0cmp(sigcomp, agent->sa_sigcomp_options)) {
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    msg_param_t const *l = NULL;
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    char *s = su_strdup(home, sigcomp);
    char *s1 = su_strdup(home, s), *s2 = s1;

    if (s && s2 && msg_avlist_d(home, &s2, &l) == 0 && *s2 == '\0') {
      su_free(home, (void *)agent->sa_sigcomp_options);
      su_free(home, (void *)agent->sa_sigcomp_option_list);
      agent->sa_sigcomp_options = s;
      agent->sa_sigcomp_option_free = s1;
      agent->sa_sigcomp_option_list = l;
    } else {
      su_free(home, s);
      su_free(home, s1);
      su_free(home, (void *)l);
      n = -1;
    }
  }

  if (maxsize == 0) maxsize = 2 * 1024 * 1024;
  if (maxsize > NTA_TIME_MAX) maxsize = NTA_TIME_MAX;
  agent->sa_maxsize = maxsize;

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  if (max_forwards == 0) max_forwards = 70; /* Default value */
  agent->sa_max_forwards->mf_count = max_forwards;

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  if (udp_mtu == 0) udp_mtu = 1300;
  if (udp_mtu > 65535) udp_mtu = 65535;
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  if (agent->sa_udp_mtu != udp_mtu) {
    agent->sa_udp_mtu = udp_mtu;
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    agent_set_udp_params(agent, udp_mtu);
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  }
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  if (sip_t1 == 0) sip_t1 = NTA_SIP_T1;
  if (sip_t1 > NTA_TIME_MAX) sip_t1 = NTA_TIME_MAX;
  agent->sa_t1 = sip_t1;

  if (sip_t2 == 0) sip_t2 = NTA_SIP_T2;
  if (sip_t2 > NTA_TIME_MAX) sip_t2 = NTA_TIME_MAX;
  agent->sa_t2 = sip_t2;

  if (sip_t4 == 0) sip_t4 = NTA_SIP_T4;
  if (sip_t4 > NTA_TIME_MAX) sip_t4 = NTA_TIME_MAX;
  if (agent->sa_t4 != sip_t4) {
    incoming_queue_adjust(agent, agent->sa_in.inv_confirmed, sip_t4);
    outgoing_queue_adjust(agent, agent->sa_out.completed, sip_t4);
  }
  agent->sa_t4 = sip_t4;

  if (sip_t1x64 == 0) sip_t1x64 = NTA_SIP_T1 * 64;
  if (sip_t1x64 > NTA_TIME_MAX) sip_t1x64 = NTA_TIME_MAX;
  if (agent->sa_t1x64 != sip_t1x64) {
    incoming_queue_adjust(agent, agent->sa_in.preliminary, sip_t1x64);
    incoming_queue_adjust(agent, agent->sa_in.completed, sip_t1x64);
    incoming_queue_adjust(agent, agent->sa_in.inv_completed, sip_t1x64);
    outgoing_queue_adjust(agent, agent->sa_out.trying, sip_t1x64);
    outgoing_queue_adjust(agent, agent->sa_out.inv_calling, sip_t1x64);
  }
  agent->sa_t1x64 = sip_t1x64;
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  if (nC == 1) {
    agent->sa_use_timer_c = 1;
    if (timer_c == 0)
      timer_c = 185 * 1000;
    agent->sa_timer_c = timer_c;
    outgoing_queue_adjust(agent, agent->sa_out.inv_proceeding, timer_c);
  }

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  agent->sa_blacklist = blacklist;

  if (progress == 0)
    progress = 60 * 1000;
  agent->sa_progress = progress;

  agent->sa_bad_req_mask = bad_req_mask;
  agent->sa_bad_resp_mask = bad_resp_mask;

  agent->sa_is_a_uas = ua != 0;
  agent->sa_is_stateless = stateless != 0;
  agent->sa_drop_prob = drop_prob < 1000 ? drop_prob : 1000;
  agent->sa_user_via = user_via != 0;
  agent->sa_extra_100 = extra_100 != 0;
  agent->sa_pass_100 = pass_100 != 0;
  agent->sa_timeout_408 = timeout_408 != 0;
  agent->sa_pass_408 = pass_408 != 0;
  agent->sa_merge_482 = merge_482 != 0;
  agent->sa_cancel_2543 = cancel_2543 != 0;
  agent->sa_cancel_487 = cancel_487 != 0;
  agent->sa_invite_100rel = invite_100rel != 0;
  agent->sa_timestamp = use_timestamp != 0;
  agent->sa_use_naptr = use_naptr != 0;
  agent->sa_use_srv = use_srv != 0;
  agent->sa_smime = smime;
  agent->sa_flags = flags & MSG_FLG_USERMASK;
  agent->sa_rport = rport != 0;
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  agent->sa_server_rport = server_rport != 0;
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  agent->sa_tcp_rport = tcp_rport != 0;
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  agent->sa_preload = preload;
  agent->sa_tport_threadpool = threadpool;

  return n;
}

static 
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void agent_set_udp_params(nta_agent_t *self, usize_t udp_mtu)
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{
  tport_t *tp;

  /* Set via fields for the tports */
  for (tp = tport_primaries(self->sa_tports); tp; tp = tport_next(tp)) {
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    if (tport_is_udp(tp))
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      tport_set_params(tp,
		       TPTAG_TIMEOUT(2 * self->sa_t1x64),
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		       TPTAG_MTU(udp_mtu),
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		       TAG_END());
  }
}

/**Get NTA Parameters.
 *
 * The nta_agent_get_params() function retrieves the stack parameters. The
 * parameters determine the way NTA handles the retransmissions, how long
 * NTA keeps transactions alive, does NTA apply proxy or user-agent logic to
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 * INVITE transactions, or how the @Via headers are generated.
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 *
 * @TAGS
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 * NTATAG_ALIASES_REF(), NTATAG_BLACKLIST_REF(), 
 * NTATAG_CANCEL_2543_REF(), NTATAG_CANCEL_487_REF(),
 * NTATAG_CLIENT_RPORT_REF(), NTATAG_CONTACT_REF(), 
 * NTATAG_DEBUG_DROP_PROB_REF(), NTATAG_DEFAULT_PROXY_REF(),
 * NTATAG_EXTRA_100_REF(),
 * NTATAG_MAXSIZE_REF(), NTATAG_MAX_FORWARDS_REF(), NTATAG_MCLASS_REF(),
 * NTATAG_MERGE_482_REF(), 
 * NTATAG_PASS_100_REF(), NTATAG_PASS_408_REF(), NTATAG_PRELOAD_REF(),
 * NTATAG_PROGRESS_REF(),
 * NTATAG_REL100_REF(), 
 * NTATAG_SERVER_RPORT_REF(), 
 * NTATAG_SIGCOMP_ALGORITHM_REF(), NTATAG_SIGCOMP_OPTIONS_REF(),
 * NTATAG_SIPFLAGS_REF(),
 * NTATAG_SIP_T1_REF(), NTATAG_SIP_T1X64_REF(), NTATAG_SIP_T2_REF(),
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 * NTATAG_SIP_T4_REF(), NTATAG_SMIME_REF(), NTATAG_STATELESS_REF(),
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 * NTATAG_TAG_3261_REF(), NTATAG_TIMEOUT_408_REF(), NTATAG_TIMER_C_REF(),
 * NTATAG_UA_REF(), NTATAG_UDP_MTU_REF(), NTATAG_USER_VIA_REF(), 
 * NTATAG_USE_NAPTR_REF(), NTATAG_USE_SRV_REF(),
 * and NTATAG_USE_TIMESTAMP_REF().
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 *
 */
int nta_agent_get_params(nta_agent_t *agent,
			 tag_type_t tag, tag_value_t value, ...)
{
  int n;
  ta_list ta;

  if (agent) {
    ta_start(ta, tag, value);
    n = agent_get_params(agent, ta_args(ta));
    ta_end(ta);
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    return n;
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  }

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  su_seterrno(EINVAL);
  return -1;
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}

/** Get NTA parameters */
static
int agent_get_params(nta_agent_t *agent, tagi_t *tags)
{
  return
    tl_tgets(tags,
	     NTATAG_ALIASES(agent->sa_aliases),
	     NTATAG_BLACKLIST(agent->sa_blacklist),
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	     NTATAG_CANCEL_2543(agent->sa_cancel_2543),
	     NTATAG_CANCEL_487(agent->sa_cancel_487),
	     NTATAG_CLIENT_RPORT(agent->sa_rport),
	     NTATAG_CONTACT(agent->sa_contact),
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	     NTATAG_DEBUG_DROP_PROB(agent->sa_drop_prob),
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	     NTATAG_DEFAULT_PROXY(agent->sa_default_proxy),
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	     NTATAG_EXTRA_100(agent->sa_extra_100),
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	     NTATAG_MAXSIZE(agent->sa_maxsize),
	     NTATAG_MAX_FORWARDS(agent->sa_max_forwards->mf_count),
	     NTATAG_MCLASS(agent->sa_mclass),
	     NTATAG_MERGE_482(agent->sa_merge_482),
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	     NTATAG_PASS_100(agent->sa_pass_100),
	     NTATAG_PASS_408(agent->sa_pass_408),
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	     NTATAG_PRELOAD(agent->sa_preload),
	     NTATAG_PROGRESS(agent->sa_progress),
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	     NTATAG_REL100(agent->sa_invite_100rel),
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	     NTATAG_SERVER_RPORT(agent->sa_server_rport),
	     NTATAG_SIGCOMP_ALGORITHM(agent->sa_algorithm),
	     NTATAG_SIGCOMP_OPTIONS(agent->sa_sigcomp_options ?
				    agent->sa_sigcomp_options :
				    "sip"),
	     NTATAG_SIPFLAGS(agent->sa_flags),
	     NTATAG_SIP_T1(agent->sa_t1),
	     NTATAG_SIP_T1X64(agent->sa_t1x64),
	     NTATAG_SIP_T2(agent->sa_t2),
	     NTATAG_SIP_T4(agent->sa_t4),
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#if HAVE_SOFIA_SMIME
	     NTATAG_SMIME(agent->sa_smime),
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#else
	     NTATAG_SMIME(NULL),
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#endif
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	     NTATAG_STATELESS(agent->sa_is_stateless),
	     NTATAG_TAG_3261(1),
	     NTATAG_TIMEOUT_408(agent->sa_timeout_408),
	     NTATAG_TIMER_C(agent->sa_timer_c),
	     NTATAG_UA(agent->sa_is_a_uas),
	     NTATAG_UDP_MTU(agent->sa_udp_mtu),
	     NTATAG_USER_VIA(agent->sa_user_via),
	     NTATAG_USE_NAPTR(agent->sa_use_naptr),
	     NTATAG_USE_SRV(agent->sa_use_srv),
	     NTATAG_USE_TIMESTAMP(agent->sa_timestamp),
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	     TAG_END());
}

/**Get NTA statistics.
 *
 * The nta_agent_get_stats() function retrieves the stack statistics.
 *
 * @TAGS
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 * NTATAG_S_ACKED_TR_REF(),
 * NTATAG_S_BAD_MESSAGE_REF(),
 * NTATAG_S_BAD_REQUEST_REF(),
 * NTATAG_S_BAD_RESPONSE_REF(),
 * NTATAG_S_CANCELED_TR_REF(),
 * NTATAG_S_CLIENT_TR_REF(),
 * NTATAG_S_DIALOG_TR_REF(),
 * NTATAG_S_DROP_REQUEST_REF(),
 * NTATAG_S_DROP_RESPONSE_REF(),
 * NTATAG_S_IRQ_HASH_REF(),
 * NTATAG_S_IRQ_HASH_USED_REF(),
 * NTATAG_S_LEG_HASH_REF(),
 * NTATAG_S_LEG_HASH_USED_REF(),
 * NTATAG_S_MERGED_REQUEST_REF(),
 * NTATAG_S_ORQ_HASH_REF(),
 * NTATAG_S_ORQ_HASH_USED_REF(),
 * NTATAG_S_RECV_MSG_REF(),
 * NTATAG_S_RECV_REQUEST_REF(),
 * NTATAG_S_RECV_RESPONSE_REF(),
 * NTATAG_S_RECV_RETRY_REF(),
 * NTATAG_S_RETRY_REQUEST_REF(),
 * NTATAG_S_RETRY_RESPONSE_REF(),
 * NTATAG_S_SENT_MSG_REF(),
 * NTATAG_S_SENT_REQUEST_REF(),
 * NTATAG_S_SENT_RESPONSE_REF(),
 * NTATAG_S_SERVER_TR_REF(),
 * NTATAG_S_TOUT_REQUEST_REF(), 
 * NTATAG_S_TOUT_RESPONSE_REF(),
 * NTATAG_S_TRLESS_200_REF(),
 * NTATAG_S_TRLESS_REQUEST_REF(),
 * NTATAG_S_TRLESS_RESPONSE_REF(), and
 * NTATAG_S_TRLESS_TO_TR_REF(),
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 */
int nta_agent_get_stats(nta_agent_t *agent,
			tag_type_t tag, tag_value_t value, ...)
{
  int n;
  ta_list ta;

  if (!agent)
    return su_seterrno(EINVAL), -1;

  ta_start(ta, tag, value);

  n = tl_tgets(ta_args(ta),
	       NTATAG_S_IRQ_HASH(agent->sa_incoming->iht_size),
	       NTATAG_S_ORQ_HASH(agent->sa_outgoing->oht_size),
	       NTATAG_S_LEG_HASH(agent->sa_dialogs->lht_size),
	       NTATAG_S_IRQ_HASH_USED(agent->sa_incoming->iht_used),
	       NTATAG_S_ORQ_HASH_USED(agent->sa_outgoing->oht_used),
	       NTATAG_S_LEG_HASH_USED(agent->sa_dialogs->lht_used),
	       NTATAG_S_RECV_MSG(agent->sa_stats->as_recv_msg),
	       NTATAG_S_RECV_REQUEST(agent->sa_stats->as_recv_request),
	       NTATAG_S_RECV_RESPONSE(agent->sa_stats->as_recv_response),
	       NTATAG_S_BAD_MESSAGE(agent->sa_stats->as_bad_message),
	       NTATAG_S_BAD_REQUEST(agent->sa_stats->as_bad_request),
	       NTATAG_S_BAD_RESPONSE(agent->sa_stats->as_bad_response),
	       NTATAG_S_DROP_REQUEST(agent->sa_stats->as_drop_request),
	       NTATAG_S_DROP_RESPONSE(agent->sa_stats->as_drop_response),
	       NTATAG_S_CLIENT_TR(agent->sa_stats->as_client_tr),
	       NTATAG_S_SERVER_TR(agent->sa_stats->as_server_tr),
	       NTATAG_S_DIALOG_TR(agent->sa_stats->as_dialog_tr),
	       NTATAG_S_ACKED_TR(agent->sa_stats->as_acked_tr),
	       NTATAG_S_CANCELED_TR(agent->sa_stats->as_canceled_tr),
	       NTATAG_S_TRLESS_REQUEST(agent->sa_stats->as_trless_request),
	       NTATAG_S_TRLESS_TO_TR(agent->sa_stats->as_trless_to_tr),
	       NTATAG_S_TRLESS_RESPONSE(agent->sa_stats->as_trless_response),
	       NTATAG_S_TRLESS_200(agent->sa_stats->as_trless_200),
	       NTATAG_S_MERGED_REQUEST(agent->sa_stats->as_merged_request),
	       NTATAG_S_SENT_MSG(agent->sa_stats->as_sent_msg),
	       NTATAG_S_SENT_REQUEST(agent->sa_stats->as_sent_request),
	       NTATAG_S_SENT_RESPONSE(agent->sa_stats->as_sent_response),
	       NTATAG_S_RETRY_REQUEST(agent->sa_stats->as_retry_request),
	       NTATAG_S_RETRY_RESPONSE(agent->sa_stats->as_retry_response),
	       NTATAG_S_RECV_RETRY(agent->sa_stats->as_recv_retry),
	       NTATAG_S_TOUT_REQUEST(agent->sa_stats->as_tout_request),
	       NTATAG_S_TOUT_RESPONSE(agent->sa_stats->as_tout_response),
	       TAG_END());

  ta_end(ta);

  return n;
}

/**Calculate a new unique tag.
 *
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 * This function generates a series of 2**64 unique tags for @From or @To
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 * headers. The start of the tag series is derived from the NTP time the NTA
 * agent was initialized.
 *
 */
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char const *nta_agent_newtag(su_home_t *home, char const *fmt, nta_agent_t *sa)
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{
  char tag[(8 * 8 + 4)/ 5 + 1];

  if (sa == NULL)
    return su_seterrno(EINVAL), NULL;

  /* XXX - use a cryptographically safe func here? */
  sa->sa_tags += NTA_TAG_PRIME;

  msg_random_token(tag, sizeof(tag) - 1, &sa->sa_tags, sizeof(sa->sa_tags));

  if (fmt && fmt[0])
    return su_sprintf(home, fmt, tag);
  else
    return su_strdup(home, tag);
}

/**
 * Calculate branch value.
 */
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static char const *stateful_branch(su_home_t *home, nta_agent_t *sa)
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{
  char branch[(8 * 8 + 4)/ 5 + 1];

  /* XXX - use a cryptographically safe func here? */
  sa->sa_branch += NTA_BRANCH_PRIME;

  msg_random_token(branch, sizeof(branch) - 1, 
		   &sa->sa_branch, sizeof(sa->sa_branch));

  return su_sprintf(home, "branch=z9hG4bK%s", branch);
}

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#include <sofia-sip/su_md5.h>
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/**
 * Calculate branch value for stateless operation.
 * 
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 * XXX - should include HMAC of previous @Via line.
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 */
static
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char const *stateless_branch(nta_agent_t *sa, 
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			     msg_t *msg,
			     sip_t const *sip, 
			     tp_name_t const *tpn)
{
  su_md5_t md5[1];
  uint8_t digest[SU_MD5_DIGEST_SIZE];
  char branch[(SU_MD5_DIGEST_SIZE * 8 + 4)/ 5 + 1];
  sip_route_t const *r;

  assert(sip->sip_request);

  if (!sip->sip_via)
    return stateful_branch(msg_home(msg), sa);

  su_md5_init(md5);

  su_md5_str0update(md5, tpn->tpn_host);
  su_md5_str0update(md5, tpn->tpn_port);

  url_update(md5, sip->sip_request->rq_url);
  if (sip->sip_call_id) {
    su_md5_str0update(md5, sip->sip_call_id->i_id);
  }
  if (sip->sip_from) {
    url_update(md5, sip->sip_from->a_url);
    su_md5_stri0update(md5, sip->sip_from->a_tag);
  }
  if (sip->sip_to) {
    url_update(md5, sip->sip_to->a_url);
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    /* XXX - some broken implementations include To tag in CANCEL */
    /* su_md5_str0update(md5, sip->sip_to->a_tag); */
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  }
  if (sip->sip_cseq) {
    uint32_t cseq = htonl(sip->sip_cseq->cs_seq);
    su_md5_update(md5, &cseq, sizeof(cseq));
  }

  for (r = sip->sip_route; r; r = r->r_next)
    url_update(md5, r->r_url);

  su_md5_digest(md5, digest);

  msg_random_token(branch, sizeof(branch) - 1, digest, sizeof(digest));

  return su_sprintf(msg_home(msg), "branch=z9hG4bK.%s", branch);
}

/* ====================================================================== */
/* 2) Transport interface */

/* Local prototypes */
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static int agent_create_master_transport(nta_agent_t *self, tagi_t *tags);
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static int agent_init_via(nta_agent_t *self, tport_t *primaries, int use_maddr);
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static int agent_init_contact(nta_agent_t *self);
static void agent_recv_message(nta_agent_t *agent,
			       tport_t *tport,
			       msg_t *msg,
			       sip_via_t *tport_via,
			       su_time_t now);
static void agent_tp_error(nta_agent_t *agent,
			   tport_t *tport,
			   int errcode,
			   char const *remote);
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static void agent_update_tport(nta_agent_t *agent, tport_t *);
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/**For each transport, we have name used by tport module, SRV prefixes used
 * for resolving, and NAPTR service/conversion.
 */
static 
struct sipdns_tport {
  char name[6];			/**< Named used by tport module */
  char port[6];			/**< Default port number */
  char prefix[14];		/**< Prefix for SRV domains */
  char service[10];		/**< NAPTR service */
}
#define SIPDNS_TRANSPORTS (4)
const sipdns_tports[SIPDNS_TRANSPORTS] = {
  { "udp",  "5060", "_sip._udp.",  "SIP+D2U"  },
  { "tcp",  "5060", "_sip._tcp.",  "SIP+D2T"  },
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  { "sctp", "5060", "_sip._sctp.", "SIP+D2S" },
  { "tls",  "5061", "_sips._tcp.", "SIPS+D2T"  },
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};

static char const * const tports_sip[] =
  {
    "udp", "tcp", "sctp", NULL
  };

static char const * const tports_sips[] =
  {
    "tls", NULL
  };

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static tport_stack_class_t nta_agent_class[1] =
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  {{
    sizeof(nta_agent_class),
    agent_recv_message,
    agent_tp_error,
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    nta_msg_create_for_transport,
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    agent_update_tport,
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  }};


/** Add a transport to the agent.
 *
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 * Creates a new transport and binds it
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 * to the port specified by the @a uri. The @a uri must have sip: or sips:
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 * scheme or be a wildcard uri ("*"). The @a uri syntax allowed is as
 * follows:
 *
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 * @code url <scheme>:<host>[:<port>]<url-params> @endcode
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 * where <url-params> may be
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 * @code
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 * ;transport=<xxx>
 * ;maddr=<actual addr>
 * ;comp=sigcomp
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 * @endcode
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 *
 * The scheme part determines which transports are used. "sip" implies UDP
 * and TCP, "sips" TLS over TCP. In the future, more transports can be
 * supported, for instance, "sip" can use SCTP or DCCP, "sips" DTLS or TLS
 * over SCTP.
 *
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 * The "host" part determines what address/domain name is used in @Contact.
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 * An "*" in "host" part is shorthand for any local IP address. 0.0.0.0
 * means that the only the IPv4 addresses are used. [::] means that only
 * the IPv6 addresses are used. If a domain name or a specific IP address
 * is given as "host" part, an additional "maddr" parameter can be used to
 * control which addresses are used by the stack when binding listen
 * sockets for incoming requests.
 *
 * The "port" determines what port is used in contact, and to which port the
 * stack binds in order to listen for incoming requests. Empty or missing
 * port means that default port should be used (5060 for sip, 5061 for
 * sips). An "*" in "port" part means any port, i.e., the stack binds to an
 * ephemeral port.
 *
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 * The "transport" parameter determines the transport protocol that is used
 * and how they are preferred. If no protocol is specified, both UDP and TCP
 * are used for SIP URL and TLS for SIPS URL. The preference can be
 * indicated with a comma-separated list of transports, for instance,
 * parameter @code transport=tcp,udp @endocde indicates that TCP is
 * preferred to UDP.
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 *
 * The "maddr" parameter determines to which address the stack binds in
 * order to listen for incoming requests. An "*" in "maddr" parameter is
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 * shorthand for any local IP address. 0.0.0.0 means that only IPv4 sockets
 * are created. [::] means that only IPv6 sockets are created.
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 *
 * The "comp" parameter determines the supported compression protocol.
 * Currently only sigcomp is supported (with suitable library.
 *
 * @par Examples:
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 * @code sip:172.21.40.24;maddr=* @endcode \n
 * @code sip:172.21.40.24:50600;transport=TCP,UDP;comp=sigcomp @endcode \n
 * @code sips:* @endcode
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