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/*
 * This file is part of the Sofia-SIP package
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2005 Nokia Corporation.
 *
 * Contact: Pekka Pessi <pekka.pessi@nokia.com>
 *
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 * This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
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 * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License
 * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2.1 of
 * the License, or (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
 * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
 * Lesser General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License along with this library; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA
 * 02110-1301 USA
 *
 */

/**@CFILE tport.c Transport interface implementation.
 *
 * See tport.docs for more detailed description of tport interface.
 *
 * @author Pekka Pessi <Pekka.Pessi@nokia.com>
 * @author Ismo Puustinen <Ismo.H.Puustinen@nokia.com>
 * @author Tat Chan <Tat.Chan@nokia.com>
 * @author Kai Vehmanen <kai.vehmanen@nokia.com>
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 * @author Martti Mela <Martti.Mela@nokia.com>
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 *
 * @date Created: Thu Jul 20 12:54:32 2000 ppessi
 */

#include "config.h"

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#include <sofia-sip/string0.h>
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#include <stdlib.h>
#include <time.h>
#include <assert.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <limits.h>

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#include <sofia-sip/su.h>
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#if HAVE_NETINET_TCP_H
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#include <netinet/tcp.h>
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#endif
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#ifndef SU_DEBUG
#define SU_DEBUG 3
#endif

#define SU_LOG   tport_log

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#include <sofia-sip/su_debug.h>
#include <sofia-sip/su_alloc.h>
#include <sofia-sip/su_tagarg.h>
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#include <sofia-sip/su_localinfo.h>
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#ifndef NONE
#define NONE ((void *)-1)
#endif

typedef struct tport_master tport_master_t;
typedef struct tport_nat_s tport_nat_t;

#define SU_WAKEUP_ARG_T struct tport_s
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#define SU_TIMER_ARG_T  struct tport_master
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#define SU_ROOT_MAGIC_T struct tport_threadpool
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#define SU_MSG_ARG_T    union tport_su_msg_arg
#define STUN_MAGIC_T    tport_master_t

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#include <sofia-sip/su_wait.h>
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#include <sofia-sip/msg.h>
#include <sofia-sip/msg_addr.h>
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#if HAVE_IP_RECVERR || HAVE_IPV6_RECVERR
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/errqueue.h>
#include <sys/uio.h>
#endif

#if HAVE_SCTP && HAVE_NETINET_SCTP_H
#include <netinet/sctp.h>
#endif

#if HAVE_TLS
#include "tport_tls.h"
#else
typedef struct _tls_t tls_t;	/* dummy */
#endif

#if HAVE_SIGCOMP
#include <sigcomp.h>
#endif

#ifndef SOL_TCP
#define SOL_TCP IPPROTO_TCP
#endif

#ifndef IPPROTO_SCTP
#define IPPROTO_SCTP (132)
#endif

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#if !defined(MSG_NOSIGNAL) || defined(__CYGWIN__)
#undef MSG_NOSIGNAL
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#define MSG_NOSIGNAL (0)
#endif

#if HAVE_SOFIA_STUN
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#include "sofia-sip/stun.h"
#include "sofia-sip/stun_tag.h"
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#endif

#if HAVE_UPNP
#include "upnp_wrapper.h"
#endif

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#include "sofia-sip/tport.h"
#include "sofia-sip/su_uniqueid.h"
#include <sofia-sip/rbtree.h>
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#if HAVE_FUNC
#elif HAVE_FUNCTION
#define __func__ __FUNCTION__
#else
char const __func__[] = "tport";
#endif

typedef struct tport_pending_s tport_pending_t;
typedef struct tport_threadpool tport_threadpool_t;
typedef struct tport_sigcomp_handler tport_sigcomp_handler_t;
typedef struct tport_sigcomp tport_sigcomp_t;
typedef struct tport_primary tport_primary_t;

struct sigcomp_state_handler;
struct sigcomp_algorithm;
struct sigcomp_udvm;
struct sigcomp_magic;

#if HAVE_SIGCOMP

/** Per-socket SigComp data */
struct tport_sigcomp {
  struct sigcomp_udvm          *sc_udvm;
  struct sigcomp_compartment   *sc_cc;
  struct sigcomp_compressor    *sc_compressor;
  struct sigcomp_buffer        *sc_output;
  unsigned                      sc_compressed; 

  struct sigcomp_buffer        *sc_input;
  unsigned                      sc_copied;
  
  enum {
    format_is_unknown,
    format_is_sigcomp,
    format_is_noncomp
  } sc_infmt, sc_outfmt;
};

#endif

/** Transport parameters */
typedef struct {
  unsigned tpp_mtu;		/**< Maximum packet size */
  unsigned tpp_idle;		/**< Allowed connection idle time. */
  unsigned tpp_timeout;		/**< Allowed idle time for message. */
  unsigned tpp_sigcomp_lifetime;  /**< SigComp compartment lifetime  */
  unsigned tpp_thrpsize;	/**< Size of thread pool */

  unsigned tpp_thrprqsize;	/**< Length of per-thread recv queue */
  unsigned tpp_qsize;		/**< Size of queue */

  unsigned tpp_drop;		/**< Packet drop probablity */

  unsigned tpp_conn_orient:1;   /**< Connection-orienteded */
  unsigned tpp_sdwn_error:1;	/**< If true, shutdown is error. */
  unsigned :0;

} tport_params_t;


/** Transport object.
 *
 * A transport object can be used in three roles, to represent transport
 * list (aka master transport), to represent available transports (aka
 * primary transport) and to represent actual transport connections (aka
 * secondary transport).
 */
struct tport_s {
  su_home_t           tp_home[1];       /**< Memory home */

  int                 tp_refs;		/**< Number of references to tport */

  tport_t *tp_left, *tp_right, *tp_dad; /**< Links in tport tree */

  tport_master_t     *tp_master;        /**< Master transport */
  tport_primary_t    *tp_pri;           /**< Primary transport */

  tport_params_t     *tp_params;        /**< Transport parameters */

  tp_magic_t         *tp_magic; 	/**< Context provided by consumer */

  unsigned            tp_black:1;       /**< Used by red-black-tree */

  unsigned            tp_conn_orient:1;	/**< Is connection-oriented */
  unsigned            tp_connected : 1;	/**< Has real connection */
  unsigned            tp_reusable:1;    /**< Can this connection be reused */
  unsigned            tp_closed : 1;    /**< This transport is closed */
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  /**< Remote end has sent FIN (2) or we should not just read */
  unsigned            tp_recv_close:2;
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  /** We will send FIN (1) or have sent FIN (2) */
  unsigned            tp_send_close:2; 

  unsigned:0;

  msg_t const        *tp_rlogged;       /**< Last logged when receiving */
  msg_t const        *tp_slogged;       /**< Last logged when sending */

  unsigned            tp_time;	        /**< When this transport was last used */

  tp_name_t           tp_name[1];	/**< Transport name.
					 * 
					 * This is either our name (if primary)
					 * or peer name (if secondary).
					 */

#define tp_protoname tp_name->tpn_proto
#define tp_canon     tp_name->tpn_canon
#define tp_host      tp_name->tpn_host
#define tp_port      tp_name->tpn_port
#define tp_ident     tp_name->tpn_ident

  su_socket_t  	      tp_socket;	/**< Socket of this tport*/
  int                 tp_index;		/**< Root registration index */
  int                 tp_events;        /**< Subscribed events */
  int                 tp_addrlen;       /**< Size fo tp_addr */
  su_sockaddr_t       tp_addr[1];	/**< Peer address */

#if HAVE_TLS
  tls_t              *tp_tls;
  char               *tp_tls_buffer;    /**< 2k Buffer  */
#endif

#if HAVE_SIGCOMP
  tport_sigcomp_t     tp_sigcomp[1];
#endif  

#if HAVE_SOFIA_STUN
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#if 0
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  stun_socket_t      *tp_stun_socket;
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#endif
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  su_socket_t         tp_stun_socket;
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  int                 tp_has_keepalive;
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#endif

  /* ==== Receive queue ================================================== */

  msg_t   	     *tp_msg;		/**< Message being received */

  /* ==== Pending messages =============================================== */

  tport_pending_t    *tp_pending;       /**< Pending requests */
  tport_pending_t    *tp_released;      /**< Released pends */
  unsigned            tp_plen;          /**< Size of tp_pending */
  unsigned            tp_pused;         /**< Used pends */
  unsigned            tp_reported;      /**< Report counter */

  /* ==== Send queue ===================================================== */

  msg_t             **tp_queue;		/**< Messages being sent */
  unsigned short      tp_qhead;		/**< Head of queue */

  msg_iovec_t        *tp_unsent;	/**< Pointer to first unsent iovec */
  unsigned            tp_unsentlen;	/**< Number of unsent iovecs */

  msg_iovec_t        *tp_iov;		/**< Iovecs allocated for sending */
  unsigned            tp_iovlen;	/**< Number of allocated iovecs */

  /* ==== Statistics  ===================================================== */
  
  struct {
    uint64_t sent_bytes, sent_on_line, recv_bytes, recv_on_line;
    uint64_t sent_msgs, recv_msgs;
  } tp_stats;
};

/** Primary structure */
struct tport_primary {
  tport_t             pri_primary[1];   /**< Transport part */
#if DOX
  su_home_t           pri_home[1];
  tport_t           **pri_stail;	/**< End of secondary list */
#else
#define pri_home      pri_primary->tp_home
#define pri_master    pri_primary->tp_master
#define pri_protoname pri_primary->tp_name->tpn_proto
#endif

  char                pri_ident[16];
  tport_primary_t    *pri_next;	        /**< Next primary tport */

  tport_t            *pri_secondary;	/**< Secondary tports */

  tport_threadpool_t *pri_threadpool;   /**< Worker threads */
  unsigned            pri_thrpsize;
  unsigned            pri_family : 8;   /**< Network family (INET/INET6) */
  unsigned            pri_socktype : 8; /**< Socket type  */
  unsigned            pri_protocol : 8;	/**< IP protocol number  */

  unsigned            pri_natted:1;	/**< Using natted address  */

  unsigned:0;

  tport_params_t      pri_params[1];      /**< Transport parameters */

};

/** Master structure */
struct tport_master {
  tport_t             mr_master[1];
#if DOX
  su_home_t           mr_home[1];
#else
#define mr_home mr_master->tp_home
#endif

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  int                 mr_stun_step_ready; /**< for stun's callback */

  tp_stack_t  	     *mr_stack;         /**< Transport consumer */
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  tp_stack_class_t 
               const *mr_tpac;		/**< Methods provided by stack */
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  int                 mr_log;	        /**< Do logging of parsed messages */
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  su_root_t    	     *mr_root;		/**< SU root pointer */

  /**< Timer reclaiming unused connections and compartment */
  su_timer_t         *mr_timer;		
  /** File to dump received and sent data */
  FILE               *mr_dump_file;	

  tport_primary_t    *mr_primaries;     /**< List of primary contacts */

  tport_params_t      mr_params[1];
  
  unsigned            mr_boundserver:1; /**< Server has been bound */
  unsigned            mr_bindv6only:1; /**< We can bind separately to IPv6/4 */
  unsigned :0;

#if HAVE_SIGCOMP
  struct sigcomp_compartment   *mr_compartment;
#endif

  /* Delivery context */
  struct tport_delivery {
    tport_t              *d_tport;
    msg_t                *d_msg;
    tp_name_t             d_from[1];
    struct sigcomp_udvm **d_udvm;
  } mr_delivery[1];

  struct tport_nat_s {
    int initialized;
    int bound;
    int stun_enabled;
    char *external_ip_address;
#if HAVE_UPNP || HAVE_SOFIA_STUN
    int try_stun;
#endif
#if HAVE_UPNP
#endif
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#if HAVE_SOFIA_STUN
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    tport_master_t *tport;
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    char *stun_server;
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    /* stun_socket_t *stun_socket; */
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    stun_handle_t *stun;
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    su_socket_t stun_socket;
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    su_sockaddr_t sockaddr;
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#endif
  }                   mr_nat[1];
};

#define STACK_RECV(tp, msg, now)		       \
  (tp)->tp_master->mr_tpac->tpac_recv((tp)->tp_master->mr_stack, (tp), \
				      (msg), (tp)->tp_magic, (now))

#define STACK_ERROR(tp, errcode, dstname) \
  (tp)->tp_master->mr_tpac->tpac_error((tp)->tp_master->mr_stack, (tp), \
				       (errcode), (dstname))

#define STACK_SIGCOMP_ACCEPT(tp, msg)				  \
  (tp)->tp_master->mr_tpac->					  \
  tpac_sigcomp_accept((tp)->tp_master->mr_stack, (tp), (msg))

#define TP_STACK   tp_master->mr_stack

#define TP_SCTP_MSG_MAX (32768)

typedef long unsigned LU; 	/* for printf() and friends */

char const tport_sigcomp_name[] = "sigcomp";

#if HAVE_SIGCOMP
static inline
int msg_is_compressed(msg_t *msg)
{
  return msg && 
    (msg_addrinfo(msg)->ai_flags & TP_AI_COMPRESSED) == TP_AI_COMPRESSED;
}

static inline
void msg_mark_as_compressed(msg_t *msg)
{
  if (msg)
    msg_addrinfo(msg)->ai_flags |= TP_AI_COMPRESSED;
}

static struct sigcomp_udvm *tport_init_udvm(tport_t *self);
static int tport_recv_sigcomp_r(tport_t *, msg_t **, struct sigcomp_udvm *);
static struct sigcomp_compartment *tport_primary_compartment(tport_master_t *);
static inline void tport_try_accept_sigcomp(tport_t *self, msg_t *msg);

static
char const *tport_canonize_comp(char const *comp)
{
  if (comp && strcasecmp(comp, tport_sigcomp_name) == 0)
    return tport_sigcomp_name;
  return NULL;
}

/** Check if transport can receive compressed messages */
int tport_can_recv_sigcomp(tport_t const *self)
{
  return self && self->tp_sigcomp->sc_infmt != format_is_noncomp;
}

/** Check if transport can send compressed messages */
int tport_can_send_sigcomp(tport_t const *self)
{
  return self && self->tp_sigcomp->sc_outfmt != format_is_noncomp;
}

/** Check if transport supports sigcomp */
int tport_has_compression(tport_t const *self, char const *comp)
{
  return
    self && comp && 
    self->tp_name->tpn_comp == tport_canonize_comp(comp);
}

/** Set/reset compression */
int tport_set_compression(tport_t *self, char const *comp)
{
  if (self == NULL)
    ;
  else if (comp == NULL) {
    if (self->tp_sigcomp->sc_outfmt != format_is_sigcomp) {
      self->tp_name->tpn_comp = NULL;
      return 0;
    }
  }
  else {
    comp = tport_canonize_comp(comp);

    if (comp && self->tp_sigcomp->sc_outfmt != format_is_noncomp) {
      self->tp_name->tpn_comp = comp;
      return 0;
    }
  }
  
  return -1;
}
#else

#define tport_try_accept_sigcomp(self, msg) ((void)0)
#define tport_canonize_comp(comp) ((void *)0)

int tport_can_recv_sigcomp(tport_t const *self)
{
  return 0;
}

int tport_can_send_sigcomp(tport_t const *self)
{
  return 0;
}

int tport_has_compression(tport_t const *self, char const *comp)
{
  return 0;
}

int tport_set_compression(tport_t *self, char const *comp)
{
  return (self == NULL || comp) ? -1 : 0;
}
#endif

/* Define macros for rbtree implementation */
#define TP_LEFT(tp) ((tp)->tp_left)
#define TP_RIGHT(tp) ((tp)->tp_right)
#define TP_PARENT(tp) ((tp)->tp_dad)
#define TP_SET_RED(tp) ((tp)->tp_black = 0)
#define TP_SET_BLACK(tp) ((tp)->tp_black = 1)
#define TP_IS_RED(tp) ((tp) && (tp)->tp_black == 0)
#define TP_IS_BLACK(tp) (!(tp) || (tp)->tp_black == 1)
#define TP_COPY_COLOR(dst, src) ((dst)->tp_black = (src)->tp_black)
#define TP_INSERT(tp) ((void)0)
#define TP_REMOVE(tp) ((tp)->tp_left = (tp)->tp_right = (tp)->tp_dad = NULL)

static inline int tp_cmp(tport_t const *a, tport_t const *b)
{
  if (a == b)
    return 0;
  
  if (a->tp_addrlen != b->tp_addrlen)
    return a->tp_addrlen - b->tp_addrlen;

  return memcmp(a->tp_addr, b->tp_addr, sizeof(a->tp_addr));
}

static inline int tprb_is_inserted(tport_t const *a)
{
  return a->tp_dad != 0 || a->tp_left != 0 || a->tp_right != 0;
}

RBTREE_PROTOS(static inline, tprb, tport_t);

RBTREE_BODIES(static inline, tprb, tport_t, 
	      TP_LEFT, TP_RIGHT, TP_PARENT,
	      TP_IS_RED, TP_SET_RED, TP_IS_BLACK, TP_SET_BLACK, TP_COPY_COLOR,
	      tp_cmp, TP_INSERT, TP_REMOVE);

enum {
  /** Default per-thread read queue length */
  THRP_PENDING = 8
};

struct tport_pending_s {
  //  tport_pending_t       *p_left, *p_right, *p_parent;
  void               *p_client;
  tport_pending_error_f *p_callback;
  msg_t              *p_msg;
  int                 p_reported;
};

/** Return true if transport is master. */
inline int tport_is_master(tport_t const *self)
{
  return 
    self && 
    self->tp_master->mr_master == self;
}

/** Return true if transport is primary. */
inline int tport_is_primary(tport_t const *self)
{
  return 
    self && 
    self->tp_pri->pri_primary == self;
}

/** Return true if transport is secondary. */
inline int tport_is_secondary(tport_t const *self)
{
  return 
    self && 
    self->tp_master->mr_master != self && 
    self->tp_pri->pri_primary != self;
}

/** Test if transport has been registered */
static inline int tport_is_registered(tport_t const *self)
{
  return self->tp_index != 0;
}

/** Test if transport is stream. */
inline int tport_is_stream(tport_t const *self)
{
  return self->tp_pri->pri_socktype == SOCK_STREAM;
}
 
/** Test if transport is dgram. */
static inline int tport_is_dgram(tport_t const *self)
{
  return self->tp_pri->pri_socktype == SOCK_DGRAM;
}
 
/** Test if transport is udp. */
inline int tport_is_udp(tport_t const *self)
{
  return self->tp_pri->pri_protocol == IPPROTO_UDP;
}
 
/** Test if transport is tcp. */
inline int tport_is_tcp(tport_t const *self)
{
  return self->tp_pri->pri_protocol == IPPROTO_TCP;
}
 
/** Test if transport is needs connect() before sending. */
static inline int tport_is_connection_oriented(tport_t const *self)
{
  return self->tp_conn_orient;
}

/** Test if transport has actual connection. */
static inline int tport_is_connected(tport_t const *self)
{
  return self->tp_connected;
}

/** Return 1 if transport is reliable, 0 otherwise.
 *
 * (Note that this is part of external API).
 */
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int tport_is_reliable(tport_t const *self)
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{
  return self != NULL && 
    (self->tp_pri->pri_socktype == SOCK_STREAM || 
     self->tp_pri->pri_socktype == SOCK_SEQPACKET);
}


/** Return true if transport supports IPv4 */
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int tport_has_ip4(tport_t const *self)
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{
  return self && 
    (self->tp_pri->pri_family == 0 || 
     self->tp_pri->pri_family == AF_INET 
     /* || self->tp_pri->pri_family2 == AF_INET */);
}

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#if SU_HAVE_IN6
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/** Return true if transport supports IPv6 */
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int tport_has_ip6(tport_t const *self)
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{
  return self && 
    (self->tp_pri->pri_family == 0 || self->tp_pri->pri_family == AF_INET6);
}
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#endif
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/** Return true if transport supports TLS. */
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int tport_has_tls(tport_t const *self)
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{
#if HAVE_TLS
  return self && self->tp_tls != NULL;
#else
  return 0;
#endif  
}

/** Test if transport has been closed */
static inline int tport_is_closed(tport_t const *self)
{
  return self->tp_closed;
}

/** Test if transport has been shut down */
static inline int tport_is_shutdown(tport_t const *self)
{
  return self->tp_closed || self->tp_send_close || self->tp_recv_close;
}


/** Test if transport is bound */
static inline int tport_is_bound(tport_t const *self)
{
  return self->tp_protoname != NULL;
}

/** MTU for transport  */
static inline unsigned tport_mtu(tport_t const *self)
{
  return self->tp_params->tpp_mtu;
}

static inline
int tport_has_sigcomp(tport_t const *self)
{
  return self->tp_name->tpn_comp != NULL;
}

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static
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int tport_events(tport_t const *self)
{
  int events = self->tp_events;

#if HAVE_TLS
  if (self->tp_tls) {
    events = tls_events(self->tp_tls, events);

    SU_DEBUG_7(("tport_events(%p): logical events%s%s%s%s real%s%s%s%s\n",
		self, (self->tp_events & SU_WAIT_IN) ? " IN" : "",
		(self->tp_events & SU_WAIT_OUT) ? " OUT" : "",
		(self->tp_events & SU_WAIT_HUP) ? " HUP" : "",
		(self->tp_events & SU_WAIT_ERR) ? " ERR" : "",
		(events & SU_WAIT_IN) ? " IN" : "",
		(events & SU_WAIT_OUT) ? " OUT" : "",
		(events & SU_WAIT_HUP) ? " HUP" : "",
		(events & SU_WAIT_ERR) ? " ERR" : ""));
  }
  else
#endif
    SU_DEBUG_7(("tport_events(%p): events%s%s%s%s\n", self,
		(events & SU_WAIT_IN) ? " IN" : "",
		(events & SU_WAIT_OUT) ? " OUT" : "",
		(events & SU_WAIT_HUP) ? " HUP" : "",
		(events & SU_WAIT_ERR) ? " ERR" : ""));
		
  return
    su_root_eventmask(self->tp_master->mr_root, 
		      self->tp_index, 
		      self->tp_socket, 
		      events);
}

/* NAT things */

static
struct tport_nat_s *
tport_nat_initialize_nat_traversal(tport_master_t *mr, 
				   tp_name_t const *tpn,
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				   char const * const **return_transports,
				   tagi_t const *tags);
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static
char *tport_nat_get_external_ip_address(struct tport_nat_s *nat);


#if HAVE_SOFIA_STUN
static
int tport_nat_stun_bind(struct tport_nat_s *nat,
			su_sockaddr_t su[1],
			socklen_t *sulen,
			su_socket_t s);
#endif

static
int tport_nat_traverse_nat(tport_master_t *, 
			   su_sockaddr_t su[1],
			   su_addrinfo_t const *ai,
			   su_socket_t s);

static
int tport_nat_set_canon(tport_t *self, struct tport_nat_s *nat);

static
int tport_nat_finish(tport_primary_t *self);

#define PASSIVE PASSIVE
#define ACTIVE  ACTIVE
enum socket_open { PASSIVE = 0, ACTIVE = 1 };

static 
tport_t *tport_connect(tport_primary_t *pri, su_addrinfo_t *ai, 
		       tp_name_t const *tpn);

static int tport_get_local_addrinfo(tport_master_t *mr, 
				    su_localinfo_t *li,
				    char const *port,
				    su_addrinfo_t const *hints,
				    su_addrinfo_t **return_ai);

static void tport_freeaddrinfo(tport_master_t *mr, su_addrinfo_t *ai);

#if HAVE_TLS
static tls_t *tport_init_tls(tagi_t *tags);
#endif

static int
  tport_bind_client(tport_master_t *self, tp_name_t const *tpn, 
		    char const * const transports[], tagi_t *tags),
  tport_bind_server(tport_master_t *, tp_name_t const *tpn, 
		    char const * const transports[], tagi_t *tags),

  tport_init_compression(tport_primary_t *self, char const *compression, 
			 tagi_t *tl),

  tport_setname(tport_t *, char const *, su_sockaddr_t const *, char const *),
  tport_recv(su_root_magic_t *m, su_wait_t *w, tport_t *self),
  tport_accept(su_root_magic_t *m, su_wait_t *w, tport_t *self),
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  tport_connected(su_root_magic_t *m, su_wait_t *w, tport_t *self),
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  tport_resolve(tport_t *self, msg_t *msg, tp_name_t const *tpn),
  tport_send_msg(tport_t *, msg_t *, tp_name_t const *tpn,
		 struct sigcomp_compartment *cc),
  tport_vsend(tport_t *self, msg_t *msg, tp_name_t const *tpn,
	      msg_iovec_t iov[], int iovused,
	      struct sigcomp_compartment *cc),
  tport_vsend_iovec(tport_t const *, msg_t *, msg_iovec_t iov[], int iovused),
  tport_send_error(tport_t *, msg_t *, tp_name_t const *, char const *comp),
  tport_queue(tport_t *self, msg_t *msg),
  tport_queue_rest(tport_t *self, msg_t *msg, msg_iovec_t iov[], int iovused),
  tport_pending_error(tport_t *self, su_sockaddr_t const *dst, int error),
  tport_pending_errmsg(tport_t *self, msg_t *msg, int error),
  tport_launch_threadpool(tport_primary_t *pri),
  tport_kill_threadpool(tport_primary_t *pri),
  tport_thread_send(tport_t *, struct sigcomp_compartment *, 
		    msg_t *, unsigned mtu);

tport_t *tport_by_addrinfo(tport_primary_t const *pri,
			   su_addrinfo_t const *ai,
			   tp_name_t const *tpn);

void tport_peer_address(tport_t *self, msg_t *msg);
static unsigned long tport_now(void);
static void tport_tick(su_root_magic_t *, su_timer_t *, tport_master_t *mr);

#if HAVE_TLS
static int
  tport_tls_event(tport_t *self, int events),
  tport_tls_writevec(tport_t *self, msg_iovec_t iov[], int iovlen);
#endif

#if HAVE_SIGCOMP
static int 
tport_sigcomp_vsend(tport_t const *self, 
		    msg_t *msg, msg_iovec_t iov[], int iovused,
		    struct sigcomp_compartment *cc, tport_sigcomp_t *sc);
#endif 

static void
  tport_error_event(tport_t *self, int events),
  tport_send_event(tport_t *self, int events), 
  tport_hup_event(tport_t *self, int events),
  tport_recv_event(tport_t *self, int events);

static void tport_parse(tport_t *self, int complete, su_time_t now);
static void tport_deliver(tport_t *, msg_t *msg, msg_t *next,
			  struct sigcomp_udvm **udvm, su_time_t now);

static tport_primary_t *tport_alloc_primary(tport_master_t *tpm);
static tport_primary_t *tport_listen(tport_master_t *mr, 
				     su_addrinfo_t const *ai, 
				     char const *canon, char const *protoname,
				     int port,
				     tagi_t *tags);

static void tport_zap_primary(tport_primary_t *);

static tport_t *tport_alloc_secondary(tport_primary_t *pri);
static void tport_zap_secondary(tport_t *);

static void tport_close(tport_t *self);

static void tport_open_log(tport_master_t *mr, tagi_t *tags);
static void tport_dump_iovec(tport_t const *self, msg_t *msg, int n,
			     su_iovec_t const iov[], int iovused,
			     char const *what, char const *how);
static void tport_log_msg(tport_t *tp, msg_t *msg, char const *what, 
			  char const *via, char const *indent, su_time_t now);
static void tport_stamp(tport_t const *tp, msg_t *msg, char stamp[128], 
			char const *what, int n, char const *via,
			su_time_t now);

static char *localipname(int pf, char *buf, int bufsiz);
static void tport_error_report(tport_t *self, int errcode, 
			       su_sockaddr_t const *dst);
static int getprotohints(su_addrinfo_t *hints,
			 char const *proto, int flags);

static void tport_send_queue(tport_t *self);


/* Stack class used when transports are being destroyed */
static
void tport_destroy_recv(tp_stack_t *stack, tport_t *tp, 
			msg_t *msg, tp_magic_t *magic, 
			su_time_t received)
{
  msg_destroy(msg);
}

static
void tport_destroy_error(tp_stack_t *stack, tport_t *tp, 
			 int errcode, char const *remote)
{
}

static
msg_t *tport_destroy_alloc(tp_stack_t *stack, int flags, 
			   char const data[], unsigned len,
			   tport_t const *tp,
			   tp_client_t *tpc)
{
  return NULL;
}

/**@var TPORT_LOG
 *
 * Environment variable determining if parsed message contents are logged.
 *
 * If the TPORT_LOG environment variable is set, the tport module logs the
 * contents of parsed messages. This eases debugging the signaling greatly.
 * 
 * @sa TPORT_DUMP, TPORT_DEBUG, tport_log
 */
extern char const TPORT_LOG[];	/* dummy declaration for Doxygen */

/**@var TPORT_DUMP
 *
 * Environment variable for transport data dump.
 *
 * The received and sent data is dumped to the file specified by TPORT_DUMP
 * environment variable. This can be used to save message traces and help
 * hairy debugging tasks.
 * 
 * @sa TPORT_LOG, TPORT_DEBUG, tport_log
 */
extern char const TPORT_DUMP[];	/* dummy declaration for Doxygen */

/**@var TPORT_DEBUG
 *
 * Environment variable determining the debug log level for @b tport module.
 *
 * The TPORT_DEBUG environment variable is used to determine the debug logging
 * level for @b tport module. The default level is 3.
 * 
 * @sa <su_debug.h>, tport_log, SOFIA_DEBUG
 */
extern char const TPORT_DEBUG[]; /* dummy declaration for Doxygen */

/**Debug log for @b tport module. 
 * 
 * The tport_log is the log object used by @b tport module. The level of
 * #tport_log is set using #TPORT_DEBUG environment variable.
 */
su_log_t tport_log[] = { 
  SU_LOG_INIT("tport", "TPORT_DEBUG", SU_DEBUG)
};

/** Name for "any" transport. @internal */
static char const tpn_any[] = "*";

/** Create the master transport. @deprecated Use tport_tcreate(). */
tport_t *tport_create(tp_stack_t *stack,
		      tp_stack_class_t const *tpac,
		      su_root_t *root)
{
  return tport_tcreate(stack, tpac, root, TAG_END());
}

/** Create the master transport. */
tport_t *tport_tcreate(tp_stack_t *stack,
		       tp_stack_class_t const *tpac,
		       su_root_t *root, 
		       tag_type_t tag, tag_value_t value, ...)
{
  tport_master_t *mr;
  tp_name_t *tpn;
  tport_params_t *tpp;
  unsigned tick;
  ta_list ta;

  if (!stack || !tpac || !root) {
    su_seterrno(EINVAL);
    return NULL;
  }

  mr = su_home_clone(NULL, sizeof *mr);
  if (!mr)
    return NULL;

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  SU_DEBUG_7(("%s(): %p\n", "tport_create", mr));
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  mr->mr_stack = stack;
  mr->mr_tpac = tpac;
  mr->mr_root = root;

  mr->mr_master->tp_master = mr;
  mr->mr_master->tp_params = tpp = mr->mr_params;

  mr->mr_master->tp_reusable = 1;
  tpp->tpp_mtu = UINT_MAX;
  tpp->tpp_thrprqsize = THRP_PENDING;
  tpp->tpp_qsize = TPORT_QUEUESIZE;
  tpp->tpp_sdwn_error = 1;
  tpp->tpp_idle = UINT_MAX;
  tpp->tpp_timeout = UINT_MAX;
  tpp->tpp_sigcomp_lifetime = UINT_MAX;

  tpn = mr->mr_master->tp_name;
  tpn->tpn_proto = "*";
  tpn->tpn_host = "*";
  tpn->tpn_canon = "*";
  tpn->tpn_port = "*";

  ta_start(ta, tag, value);

  tport_set_params(mr->mr_master, ta_tags(ta));
  tport_open_log(mr, ta_args(ta));

  tick = 5000; /* For testing, usually 30000 is enough */  
  if (tpp->tpp_idle < 4 * tick)
    tick = tpp->tpp_idle / 4;
  if (tpp->tpp_timeout < 4 * tick)
    tick = tpp->tpp_timeout / 4;
  if (tick < 200)
    tick = 200;

  mr->mr_timer = su_timer_create(su_root_task(root), tick);
  su_timer_set(mr->mr_timer, tport_tick, mr);

  ta_end(ta);

  return mr->mr_master;
}

/** Destroy the master transport. */
void tport_destroy(tport_t *self)
{
  tport_master_t *mr;

  static tp_stack_class_t tport_destroy_tpac[1] = 
    {{
	sizeof tport_destroy_tpac,
	/* tpac_recv */ tport_destroy_recv,
	/* tpac_error */ tport_destroy_error,
	/* tpac_alloc */ tport_destroy_alloc,
	/* tpac_comp_accept */ NULL
      }};

  SU_DEBUG_7(("%s(%p)\n", __func__, self));

  if (self == NULL)
    return;
  
  assert(tport_is_master(self));
  if (!tport_is_master(self))
    return;

  mr = (tport_master_t *)self;
  mr->mr_tpac = tport_destroy_tpac;

  while (mr->mr_primaries)
    tport_zap_primary(mr->mr_primaries);

#if HAVE_SIGCOMP
  if (mr->mr_compartment)
    sigcomp_compartment_unref(mr->mr_compartment), mr->mr_compartment = NULL;
#endif

  if (mr->mr_dump_file)
    fclose(mr->mr_dump_file), mr->mr_dump_file = NULL;

  if (mr->mr_timer)
    su_timer_destroy(mr->mr_timer), mr->mr_timer = NULL;

  su_home_zap(mr->mr_home);
}

/** Allocate a primary transport */
static 
tport_primary_t *tport_alloc_primary(tport_master_t *mr)
{
  tport_primary_t *pri, **next;

  for (next = &mr->mr_primaries; *next; next = &(*next)->pri_next)
    ;

  if ((pri = su_home_clone(mr->mr_home, sizeof (*pri)))) {
    tport_t *tp = pri->pri_primary;
    tp->tp_master = mr;
    tp->tp_pri = pri;
    tp->tp_socket = SOCKET_ERROR;

    tp->tp_magic = mr->mr_master->tp_magic;

    tp->tp_params = pri->pri_params;
    memcpy(tp->tp_params, mr->mr_params, sizeof (*tp->tp_params));
    tp->tp_reusable = mr->mr_master->tp_reusable;

    SU_DEBUG_5(("%s(%p): new primary tport %p\n", __func__, mr, pri));
  }

  *next = pri;

  return pri;
}

/**Create a primary transport object with socket.
 *
 * Creates a primary transport object with a server socket, and then
 * registers the socket with suitable events to the root.
 *
 * @param dad   parent (master or primary) transport object
 * @param ai    pointer to addrinfo structure
 * @param canon canonical name of node
 * @param protoname name of the protocol
 */
static
tport_primary_t *tport_listen(tport_master_t *mr, su_addrinfo_t const *ai, 
			      char const *canon, char const *protoname,
			      int port,
			      tagi_t *tags)
{
  tport_primary_t *pri = NULL;

  su_socket_t s = SOCKET_ERROR;
  int index = 0, events = 0, nat_bound = 0;
  su_wakeup_f wakeup = NULL;
  su_wait_t wait[1] = { SU_WAIT_INIT };

  su_sockaddr_t su[1];
  socklen_t sulen = ai->ai_addrlen;

  int err;
  int errlevel = 3;
  char buf[TPORT_HOSTPORTSIZE];

  /* Log an error, return error */
#define TPORT_LISTEN_ERROR(errno, what)  \
  ((void)(err = errno, s != SOCKET_ERROR ? su_close(s) : 0,	     \
	    (SU_LOG_LEVEL >= errlevel ?				     \
	     su_llog(tport_log, errlevel,			     \
		     "%s(%p): %s(pf=%d %s/%s): %s\n",		     \
		     __func__, mr, #what, ai->ai_family,	     \
		     protoname,					     \
		     tport_hostport(buf, sizeof(buf), su, 2),	     \
		     su_strerror(err)) : (void)0),		     \
	    tport_zap_primary(pri),		                     \
	    su_seterrno(err)),					     \
     (void *)NULL)

  if (sulen > sizeof(su))
    return NULL;
  memcpy(su, ai->ai_addr, sulen);

  if (port > 0)
    su->su_port = htons(port);

  /* Create a primary transport object for another transport. */
  pri = tport_alloc_primary(mr);
  if (pri == NULL)
    return TPORT_LISTEN_ERROR(errno, tport_alloc_primary);
  pri->pri_family = ai->ai_family;
  pri->pri_socktype = ai->ai_socktype;
  pri->pri_protocol = ai->ai_protocol;

  if (tport_set_params(pri->pri_primary, TAG_NEXT(tags)) < 0)
    return TPORT_LISTEN_ERROR(su_errno(), tport_set_params);    

  if (ai->ai_protocol == IPPROTO_SCTP) {
    if (pri->pri_params->tpp_mtu > TP_SCTP_MSG_MAX)
      pri->pri_params->tpp_mtu = TP_SCTP_MSG_MAX;
  }

  s = su_socket(ai->ai_family, ai->ai_socktype, ai->ai_protocol);

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#if SU_HAVE_IN6
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  if (s == SOCKET_ERROR) {
    if (ai->ai_family == AF_INET6 && su_errno() == EAFNOSUPPORT)
      errlevel = 7;
    return TPORT_LISTEN_ERROR(su_errno(), socket);
  }
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#endif
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  /* Passive open, do bind() (and listen() if connection-oriented). */

#ifdef __linux__
  /* Linux does not allow reusing TCP port while this one is open,
     so we can safely call su_setreuseaddr() before bind(). */
  if (ai->ai_socktype == SOCK_STREAM || ai->ai_socktype == SOCK_SEQPACKET)
    su_setreuseaddr(s, 1);
#endif

  nat_bound = tport_nat_traverse_nat(mr, su, ai, s);

  if (!nat_bound /* || !mr->mr_nat->stun_enabled */) {
    /* STUN has a problem or is not enabled */
    if (bind(s, &su->su_sa, sulen) == SOCKET_ERROR) {
      if (su_errno() == EADDRINUSE) errlevel = 7;
      return TPORT_LISTEN_ERROR(su_errno(), bind);
    }

    if (getsockname(s, &su->su_sa, &sulen) == SOCKET_ERROR)
      return TPORT_LISTEN_ERROR(su_errno(), getsockname);

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#if defined (__linux__) && defined (SU_HAVE_IN6)
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    if (ai->ai_family == AF_INET6) {
      if (SU_SOCKADDR_INADDR_ANY(su))
	/* pri->pri_family2 = AF_INET */ ;
      else if (IN6_IS_ADDR_V4MAPPED(&su->su_sin6.sin6_addr) ||
	       IN6_IS_ADDR_V4COMPAT(&su->su_sin6.sin6_addr))
	pri->pri_family = AF_INET;
    }
#endif
  }
    
  if (ai->ai_socktype == SOCK_STREAM || 
      ai->ai_socktype == SOCK_SEQPACKET) {
    /* Connection-oriented protocols listen and accept connections */
    wakeup = tport_accept;	/* accepting function will be registered */
    events = SU_WAIT_ACCEPT;

    /* XXX - we should take this from the current tags */
    if (listen(s, mr->mr_params->tpp_qsize) == SOCKET_ERROR)
      return TPORT_LISTEN_ERROR(su_errno(), listen);
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#if !defined(__linux__)
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    /* Allow reusing TCP sockets
     *
     * On Solaris & BSD, call setreuseaddr() after bind in order to avoid
     * binding to a port owned by an existing server.
     */
    su_setreuseaddr(s, 1);
#endif
  } else {
    /* Connectionless protocols sendto() and recvfrom() messages */
    wakeup = tport_recv;	/* receiving function will be registered */
    events = SU_WAIT_IN;

    if (ai->ai_protocol == IPPROTO_UDP) {
      unsigned rmem = 0, wmem = 0;

#if HAVE_IP_RECVERR
      if (ai->ai_family == AF_INET || ai->ai_family == AF_INET6) {
	int const one = 1;
	if (setsockopt(s, SOL_IP, IP_RECVERR, &one, sizeof(one)) < 0) {
	  if (ai->ai_family == AF_INET)
	    return TPORT_LISTEN_ERROR(su_errno(), IP_RECVERR);
	}
	events |= SU_WAIT_ERR;
      }
#endif
#if HAVE_IPV6_RECVERR
      if (ai->ai_family == AF_INET6) {
	int const one = 1;
	if (setsockopt(s, SOL_IPV6, IPV6_RECVERR, &one, sizeof(one)) < 0)
	  return TPORT_LISTEN_ERROR(su_errno(), IPV6_RECVERR);
	events |= SU_WAIT_ERR;
      }
#endif

      tl_gets(tags, 
	      TPTAG_UDP_RMEM_REF(rmem),
	      TPTAG_UDP_WMEM_REF(wmem),
	      TAG_END());

      if (rmem != 0 && 
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	  setsockopt(s, SOL_SOCKET,
		     SO_RCVBUF, (void *)&rmem, sizeof rmem) < 0) {
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	SU_DEBUG_3(("setsockopt(SO_RCVBUF): %s\n", 
		    su_strerror(su_errno())));
      }

      if (wmem != 0 && 
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	  setsockopt(s, SOL_SOCKET,
		     SO_SNDBUF, (void *)&wmem, sizeof wmem) < 0) {
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	SU_DEBUG_3(("setsockopt(SO_SNDBUF): %s\n", 
		    su_strerror(su_errno())));
      }
    }
  }

  if (su_wait_create(wait, s, events) == -1)
    return TPORT_LISTEN_ERROR(su_errno(), su_wait_create);

  /* Register receiving or accepting function with events specified above */
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  index =  su_root_register(mr->mr_root, wait, wakeup, pri->pri_primary, 0);
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   if (index == -1)
     return TPORT_LISTEN_ERROR(su_errno(), su_root_register);
  if (tport_setname(pri->pri_primary, protoname, su, canon) == -1) 
    return TPORT_LISTEN_ERROR(su_errno(), tport_setname);

  pri->pri_primary->tp_socket   = s;
  pri->pri_primary->tp_index    = index;
  pri->pri_primary->tp_events   = events;
  pri->pri_primary->tp_connected = 0;
  pri->pri_primary->tp_conn_orient = ai->ai_socktype != SOCK_DGRAM;
  pri->pri_primary->tp_addr[0] = su[0];
  pri->pri_primary->tp_addrlen = sulen;
  
  if (nat_bound) {
    /* XXX - should set also the IP address in tp_addr? */
    pri->pri_natted = 1;
    tport_nat_set_canon(pri->pri_primary, mr->mr_nat);
  }

  SU_DEBUG_5(("%s(%p): %s " TPN_FORMAT "\n", 
	      __func__, pri, "listening at",
	      TPN_ARGS(pri->pri_primary->tp_name)));

  return pri;
}

/** Destroy a primary transport and its secondary transports. @internal */
static 
void tport_zap_primary(tport_primary_t *pri)
{
  tport_primary_t **prip;

  if (pri == NULL)
    return;

  assert(tport_is_primary(pri->pri_primary));

  if (pri->pri_threadpool) {
    tport_kill_threadpool(pri);
    SU_DEBUG_3(("%s(%p): zapped threadpool\n", __func__, pri));
  }

  while (pri->pri_secondary)
    tport_zap_secondary(pri->pri_secondary);

  tport_nat_finish(pri);

  /* We have just a single-linked list for primary transports */
  for (prip = &pri->pri_master->mr_primaries;
       *prip != pri;
       prip = &(*prip)->pri_next)
    assert(*prip);

  *prip = pri->pri_next;

  tport_zap_secondary(pri->pri_primary);
}


/**Allocate a secondary transport. @internal
 *
 * The function tport_alloc_secondary() creates a secondary transport
 * object. The new transport initally shares parameters structure with the
 * original transport.
 *
 * @param dad primary transport
 *
 * @return
 * The function tport_alloc_seconary() returns a pointer to the newly
 * created transport, or NULL upon an error.
 */
static
tport_t *tport_alloc_secondary(tport_primary_t *pri)
{
  tport_master_t *mr = pri->pri_master;
  tport_t *self;

  self = su_home_clone(mr->mr_home, sizeof *self);

  if (self) {
    SU_DEBUG_7(("%s(%p): new secondary tport %p\n", __func__, pri, self));

    self->tp_refs = -1;			/* Freshly allocated  */
    self->tp_master = mr;
    self->tp_pri = pri;
    self->tp_params = pri->pri_params;
    self->tp_reusable = pri->pri_primary->tp_reusable;

    self->tp_magic = pri->pri_primary->tp_magic;
  }

  return self;
}

/** Create a connected transport object with socket.
 *
 * The function tport_connect() creates a secondary transport with a
 * connected socket. It registers the socket with suitable events to the
 * root.
 *
 * @param pri   primary transport object
 * @param ai    pointer to addrinfo structure
 * @param canon canonical name of node
 * @param protoname name od the protocol
 */
static
tport_t *tport_connect(tport_primary_t *pri, 
		       su_addrinfo_t *ai,
		       tp_name_t const *tpn)
{
  tport_master_t *mr = pri->pri_master;
  tport_t *self = NULL;

  su_socket_t s = SOCKET_ERROR;
  int index = 0, err;
  su_wait_t wait[1] = { SU_WAIT_INIT };
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  su_wakeup_f wakeup = tport_recv;
  int events = SU_WAIT_IN | SU_WAIT_ERR;
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  int errlevel = 3;
  char buf[TPORT_HOSTPORTSIZE];

  if (ai == NULL || ai->ai_addrlen > sizeof (self->tp_addr))
    return NULL;
  
  /* Log an error, return error */
#define TPORT_CONNECT_ERROR(errno, what)  \
  return							     \
    ((void)(err = errno, s != SOCKET_ERROR ? su_close(s) : 0,	     \
	    su_wait_destroy(wait),				     \
	    (SU_LOG_LEVEL >= errlevel ?				     \
	     su_llog(tport_log, errlevel,			     \
		     "%s(%p): %s(pf=%d %s/%s): %s\n",		     \
		     __func__, pri, #what, ai->ai_family,	     \
		     tpn->tpn_proto,				     \
		       tport_hostport(buf, sizeof(buf),		     \
				      (void *)ai->ai_addr, 2),	     \
		     su_strerror(err)) : (void)0),		     \
	    tport_zap_secondary(self),				     \
	    su_seterrno(err)),					     \
     (void *)NULL)

  if ((self = tport_alloc_secondary(pri)) == NULL)
    TPORT_CONNECT_ERROR(errno, tport_alloc_secondary);

  s = su_socket(ai->ai_family, ai->ai_socktype, ai->ai_protocol);

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#if SU_HAVE_IN6
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  if (s == SOCKET_ERROR) {
    if (ai->ai_family == AF_INET6 && su_errno() == EAFNOSUPPORT)
      errlevel = 7;
    TPORT_CONNECT_ERROR(su_errno(), socket);
  }
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#endif
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  if (pri->pri_primary->tp_socket != SOCKET_ERROR) {
    su_sockaddr_t susa;
    socklen_t susalen = sizeof(susa);
    int pri_s = pri->pri_primary->tp_socket;

    if (getsockname(pri_s, &susa.su_sa, &susalen) < 0) {
      SU_DEBUG_3(("tport_connect: getsockname(): %s\n", 
		  su_strerror(su_errno())));
    }
    else {
      susa.su_port = 0;
      if (bind(s, &susa.su_sa, susalen) < 0) {
	SU_DEBUG_3(("tport_connect: bind(local-ip): %s\n", 
		    su_strerror(su_errno())));
      }
    }
  }

  if (/* !do_tls && */ su_setblocking(s, 0) < 0) /* asynchronous connect() */
    TPORT_CONNECT_ERROR(su_errno(), su_setblocking);

  if (ai->ai_socktype == SOCK_STREAM) {
    int one = 1;
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    if (setsockopt(s, SOL_TCP, TCP_NODELAY, (void *)&one, sizeof one) == -1)
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      TPORT_CONNECT_ERROR(su_errno(), setsockopt(TCP_NODELAY));
  }

  if (connect(s, ai->ai_addr, ai->ai_addrlen) == SOCKET_ERROR) {
    err = su_errno();
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    if (err != EINPROGRESS && err != EAGAIN && err != EWOULDBLOCK)
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      TPORT_CONNECT_ERROR(err, connect);
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    events = SU_WAIT_CONNECT | SU_WAIT_ERR;
    wakeup = tport_connected;
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  }

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  if (su_wait_create(wait, s, events) == -1)
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    TPORT_CONNECT_ERROR(su_errno(), su_wait_create);

  /* Register receiving function with events specified above */
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  if ((index = su_root_register(mr->mr_root, wait, wakeup, self, 0)) == -1)
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    TPORT_CONNECT_ERROR(su_errno(), su_root_register);

  /* */
  if (tport_setname(self, tpn->tpn_proto, 
		    (void *)ai->ai_addr, tpn->tpn_canon) == -1) 
    TPORT_CONNECT_ERROR(su_errno(), tport_setname);

  self->tp_socket   = s;
  self->tp_index    = index;
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  self->tp_events   = events;
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  self->tp_connected = ai->ai_socktype != SOCK_DGRAM;
  self->tp_conn_orient = 1;

#if HAVE_SIGCOMP
  if (tpn->tpn_comp == pri->pri_primary->tp_name->tpn_comp)
    self->tp_name->tpn_comp = pri->pri_primary->tp_name->tpn_comp;
  if (!pri->pri_primary->tp_name->tpn_comp)
    self->tp_sigcomp->sc_infmt = format_is_noncomp;
#endif

#if HAVE_TLS
  if (pri->pri_primary->tp_tls) {
    self->tp_tls = tls_init_client(pri->pri_primary->tp_tls, s);
    if (!self->tp_tls)
      TPORT_CONNECT_ERROR(errno, tls_init_client);
  }
#endif

  memcpy(self->tp_addr, ai->ai_addr, self->tp_addrlen = ai->ai_addrlen);
  
  SU_DEBUG_5(("%s(%p): %s " TPN_FORMAT "\n", 
	      __func__, self, "connecting to",
	      TPN_ARGS(self->tp_name)));

  tprb_append(&pri->pri_secondary, self);

  return self;
}

/** Destroy a secondary transport. @internal */
static 
void tport_zap_secondary(tport_t *self)
{
  tport_master_t *mr;

  if (self == NULL)
    return;

  /* Remove from rbtree */
  tprb_remove(&self->tp_pri->pri_secondary, self);

  if (self->tp_msg) {
    msg_destroy(self->tp_msg), self->tp_msg = NULL;
    SU_DEBUG_3(("%s(%p): zapped partially received message\n", 
		__func__, self));
  }

  if (self->tp_queue && self->tp_queue[self->tp_qhead]) {
    size_t n = 0, i, N = self->tp_params->tpp_qsize;
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    for (i = self->tp_qhead; self->tp_queue[i]; i = (i + 1) % N) {
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      msg_destroy(self->tp_queue[i]), self->tp_queue[i] = NULL;
      n++;
    }
    SU_DEBUG_3(("%s(%p): zapped %lu queued messages\n", 
		__func__, self, (LU)n));
  }

  if (self->tp_pused) {
    SU_DEBUG_3(("%s(%p): zapped with pending requests\n", __func__, self));
  }

  mr = self->tp_master;

  if (self->tp_index)
    su_root_deregister(mr->mr_root, self->tp_index);
  self->tp_index = 0;
  if (self->tp_socket != -1)
    su_close(self->tp_socket);
  self->tp_socket = -1;

#if HAVE_TLS
  if (self->tp_tls)
    tls_free(self->tp_tls);
#endif

#if HAVE_SIGCOMP
  if (self->tp_sigcomp) {
    tport_sigcomp_t *sc = self->tp_sigcomp;

    if (sc->sc_udvm)
      sigcomp_udvm_free(sc->sc_udvm), sc->sc_udvm = NULL;
    if (sc->sc_compressor)
      sigcomp_compressor_free(sc->sc_compressor), sc->sc_compressor = NULL;
  }
#endif

  su_home_zap(self->tp_home);
}

/** Create a new transport reference. */
tport_t *tport_incref(tport_t *tp)
{
  if (tp) {
    if (tp->tp_refs >= 0)
      tp->tp_refs++;
    else if (tp->tp_refs == -1)
      tp->tp_refs = 1;
  }
  return tp;
}

/** Destroy a transport reference. */
void tport_decref(tport_t **ttp)
{
  assert(ttp);

  if (*ttp) {
    if ((*ttp)->tp_refs > 0)
      if (--(*ttp)->tp_refs == 0 && (*ttp)->tp_params->tpp_idle == 0)
	if (!tport_is_closed(*ttp))
	  tport_close(*ttp);
    *ttp = NULL;
  }
}

/** Get transport parameters.
 *
 * @param self          pointer to a transport object
 * @param tag,value,... list of tags
 */
int tport_get_params(tport_t const *self,
		     tag_type_t tag, tag_value_t value, ...)
{
  ta_list ta;
  int n;
  tport_params_t const *tpp;

  if (self == NULL)
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    return su_seterrno(EINVAL);
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  tpp = self->tp_params;
  ta_start(ta, tag, value);

  n = tl_tgets(ta_args(ta),
	       TPTAG_MTU(tpp->tpp_mtu),
	       TPTAG_REUSE(self->tp_reusable),
	       TPTAG_CONNECT(tpp->tpp_conn_orient),
	       TPTAG_QUEUESIZE(tpp->tpp_qsize),
	       TPTAG_IDLE(tpp->tpp_idle),
	       TPTAG_TIMEOUT(tpp->tpp_timeout),
	       TPTAG_SDWN_ERROR(tpp->tpp_sdwn_error),
	       TPTAG_DEBUG_DROP(tpp->tpp_drop),
	       TPTAG_THRPSIZE(tpp->tpp_thrpsize),
	       TPTAG_THRPRQSIZE(tpp->tpp_thrprqsize),
	       TAG_END());

  ta_end(ta);

  return n;
}

/** Set transport parameters.
 *
 * @param self          pointer to a transport object
 * @param tag,value,... list of tags
 */
int tport_set_params(tport_t *self,
		     tag_type_t tag, tag_value_t value, ...)
{
  ta_list ta;
  int n;
  tport_params_t tpp[1], *tpp0;

  int connect, sdwn_error, reusable;

  struct sigcomp_compartment *cc = NONE;

  if (self == NULL)
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    return su_seterrno(EINVAL);
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  memcpy(tpp, tpp0 = self->tp_params, sizeof *tpp);

  connect = tpp->tpp_conn_orient;
  sdwn_error = tpp->tpp_sdwn_error;
  reusable = self->tp_reusable;

  ta_start(ta, tag, value);

  n = tl_gets(ta_args(ta),
	      TPTAG_MTU_REF(tpp->tpp_mtu),
	      TAG_IF(!self->tp_queue, TPTAG_QUEUESIZE_REF(tpp->tpp_qsize)),
	      TPTAG_IDLE_REF(tpp->tpp_idle),
	      TPTAG_TIMEOUT_REF(tpp->tpp_timeout),
	      TPTAG_DEBUG_DROP_REF(tpp->tpp_drop),
	      TPTAG_THRPSIZE_REF(tpp->tpp_thrpsize),
	      TPTAG_THRPRQSIZE_REF(tpp->tpp_thrprqsize),
	      TPTAG_SIGCOMP_LIFETIME_REF(tpp->tpp_sigcomp_lifetime),
	      TPTAG_CONNECT_REF(connect),
	      TPTAG_SDWN_ERROR_REF(sdwn_error),
	      TPTAG_REUSE_REF(reusable),
	      TPTAG_COMPARTMENT_REF(cc),
	      TAG_END());

  ta_end(ta);

  if (n == 0)
    return 0;

  if (tpp->tpp_idle > 0 && tpp->tpp_idle < 2000)
    tpp->tpp_idle = 2000;
  if (tpp->tpp_timeout < 1000)
    tpp->tpp_timeout = 1000;
  if (tpp->tpp_drop > 1000)
    tpp->tpp_drop = 1000;
  if (tpp->tpp_thrprqsize > 0)
    tpp->tpp_thrprqsize = tpp0->tpp_thrprqsize;
  if (tpp->tpp_sigcomp_lifetime != 0 && tpp->tpp_sigcomp_lifetime < 30)
    tpp->tpp_sigcomp_lifetime = 30;
  if (tpp->tpp_qsize >= 1000)
    tpp->tpp_qsize = 1000;

  tpp->tpp_sdwn_error = sdwn_error;

  self->tp_reusable = reusable;

  /* Currently only primary UDP transport can *not* be connection oriented */ 
  tpp->tpp_conn_orient = connect 
    || !tport_is_primary(self) || !tport_is_dgram(self);

  if (tport_is_secondary(self) && 
      self->tp_params == self->tp_pri->pri_primary->tp_params) {
    tpp0 = su_zalloc(self->tp_home, sizeof *tpp0); if (!tpp0) return -1;
  }

#if HAVE_SIGCOMP
  if (cc != NONE && self == self->tp_master->mr_master) {
    if (self->tp_master->mr_compartment)
      sigcomp_compartment_unref(self->tp_master->mr_compartment);
    self->tp_master->mr_compartment = sigcomp_compartment_ref(cc);
  }
#endif

  memcpy(tpp0, tpp, sizeof *tpp);

  return n;
}

/** Bind transport objects. 
 *
 * @deprecated 
 * Use tport_tbind().
 */
int tport_bind(tport_t *self,
	       tp_name_t const *tpn,
	       char const * const transports[],
	       int flags)
{
  return tport_tbind(self, tpn, transports, TAG_END());
}

/** Bind transport objects.
 *
 * @param self        pointer to a transport object
 * @param tpn         desired transport address
 * @param transports  list of protocol names supported by stack
 * @param tag,value,... tagged argument list
 */
int tport_tbind(tport_t *self,
		tp_name_t const *tpn,
		char const * const transports[],
		tag_type_t tag, tag_value_t value, ...)
{
  ta_list ta;
  int server = 1, retval;
  tp_name_t mytpn[1];
  tport_master_t *mr;

  if (self == NULL || tport_is_secondary(self) ||
      tpn == NULL || transports == NULL) {
    su_seterrno(EINVAL);
    return -1;
  }

  *mytpn = *tpn;

  if (mytpn->tpn_ident == NULL)
    mytpn->tpn_ident = self->tp_ident;

  ta_start(ta, tag, value);

  tl_gets(ta_args(ta),
	  TPTAG_SERVER_REF(server),
	  TPTAG_IDENT_REF(mytpn->tpn_ident),
	  TAG_END());

  mr = self->tp_master; assert(mr);

  if (server)
    retval = tport_bind_server(mr, mytpn, transports, ta_args(ta));
  else
    retval = tport_bind_client(mr, mytpn, transports, ta_args(ta));


  ta_end(ta);

  return retval;
}

/** Bind primary transport objects used by a client-only application.
 * @internal
 */
int tport_bind_client(tport_master_t *mr,
                      tp_name_t const *tpn,
                      char const * const transports[],
		      tagi_t *tags)
{
  int i;
  tport_primary_t *pri = NULL, **tbf;
  tport_t *tp;

  SU_DEBUG_5(("%s(%p) to " TPN_FORMAT "\n", __func__, mr, TPN_ARGS(tpn)));

  for (tbf = &mr->mr_primaries; *tbf; tbf = &(*tbf)->pri_next)
    ;

  for (i = 0; transports[i]; i++) {
    su_addrinfo_t hints[1];
    char const *proto = transports[i];
    
    if (strcmp(proto, tpn->tpn_proto) != 0 && 
        strcmp(tpn->tpn_proto, tpn_any) != 0)
      continue;

    /* Resolve protocol, skip unknown transport protocols */
    if (getprotohints(hints, proto, AI_PASSIVE) < 0)
      continue;

    if (!(pri = tport_alloc_primary(mr)))
      break;

    tp = pri->pri_primary;
    
#if HAVE_TLS
    if (strcasecmp(proto, "tls") == 0) {
      tp->tp_tls = tport_init_tls(tags);
      if (tp->tp_tls == NULL)
	break;
    }
#endif

    pri->pri_family   = hints->ai_family;
    pri->pri_socktype = hints->ai_socktype;
    pri->pri_protocol = hints->ai_protocol;

    tp->tp_name->tpn_proto = proto;
    tp->tp_name->tpn_host = "*";
    tp->tp_name->tpn_port = "*";
    tp->tp_name->tpn_canon = "*";
    tp->tp_name->tpn_ident = su_strdup(tp->tp_home, tpn->tpn_ident);

    tport_init_compression(pri, tpn->tpn_comp, tags);
  }

  if (!pri)
    tport_zap_primary(*tbf);

  return pri ? 0 : -1;
}

/** Bind primary transport objects used by a server application. */
int tport_bind_server(tport_master_t *mr,
                      tp_name_t const *tpn,
                      char const * const transports[],
		      tagi_t *tags)
{
  char hostname[256];
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  char const *proto, *canon = NULL, *host, *port;
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  char port0[16];
  int ephemeral_port;
  int i, error = 0, not_supported, family = 0;
  tport_primary_t *pri = NULL, **tbf;
  su_localinfo_t *li = NULL;
  unsigned p;
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  unsigned short step = 0;
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