gas-preprocessor.pl 34.4 KB
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#!/usr/bin/env perl
# by David Conrad
# This code is licensed under GPLv2 or later; go to gnu.org to read it
#  (not that it much matters for an asm preprocessor)
# usage: set your assembler to be something like "perl gas-preprocessor.pl gcc"
use strict;

# Apple's gas is ancient and doesn't support modern preprocessing features like
# .rept and has ugly macro syntax, among other things. Thus, this script
# implements the subset of the gas preprocessor used by x264 and ffmpeg
# that isn't supported by Apple's gas.

my %canonical_arch = ("aarch64" => "aarch64", "arm64" => "aarch64",
                      "arm"     => "arm",
                      "powerpc" => "powerpc", "ppc"   => "powerpc");

my %comments = ("aarch64" => '//',
                "arm"     => '@',
                "powerpc" => '#');

my @gcc_cmd;
my @preprocess_c_cmd;

my $comm;
my $arch;
my $as_type = "apple-gas";

my $fix_unreq = $^O eq "darwin";
my $force_thumb = 0;

my $arm_cond_codes = "eq|ne|cs|cc|mi|pl|vs|vc|hi|ls|ge|lt|gt|le|al|hs|lo";

my $usage_str = "
$0\n
Gas-preprocessor.pl converts assembler files using modern GNU as syntax for
Apple's ancient gas version or clang's incompatible integrated assembler. The
conversion is regularly tested for Libav, x264 and vlc. Other projects might
use different features which are not correctly handled.

Options for this program needs to be separated with ' -- ' from the assembler
command. Following options are currently supported:

    -help         - this usage text
    -arch         - target architecture
    -as-type      - one value out of {{,apple-}{gas,clang},armasm}
    -fix-unreq
    -no-fix-unreq
    -force-thumb  - assemble as thumb regardless of the input source
                    (note, this is incomplete and only works for sources
                    it explicitly was tested with)
";

sub usage() {
    print $usage_str;
}

while (@ARGV) {
    my $opt = shift;

    if ($opt =~ /^-(no-)?fix-unreq$/) {
        $fix_unreq = $1 ne "no-";
    } elsif ($opt eq "-force-thumb") {
        $force_thumb = 1;
    } elsif ($opt eq "-arch") {
        $arch = shift;
        die "unknown arch: '$arch'\n" if not exists $canonical_arch{$arch};
    } elsif ($opt eq "-as-type") {
        $as_type = shift;
        die "unknown as type: '$as_type'\n" if $as_type !~ /^((apple-)?(gas|clang)|armasm)$/;
    } elsif ($opt eq "-help") {
        usage();
        exit 0;
    } elsif ($opt eq "--" ) {
	@gcc_cmd = @ARGV;
    } elsif ($opt =~ /^-/) {
        die "option '$opt' is not known. See '$0 -help' for usage information\n";
    } else {
	push @gcc_cmd, $opt, @ARGV;
    }
    last if (@gcc_cmd);
}

if (grep /\.c$/, @gcc_cmd) {
    # C file (inline asm?) - compile
    @preprocess_c_cmd = (@gcc_cmd, "-S");
} elsif (grep /\.[sS]$/, @gcc_cmd) {
    # asm file, just do C preprocessor
    @preprocess_c_cmd = (@gcc_cmd, "-E");
} elsif (grep /-(v|h|-version|dumpversion)/, @gcc_cmd) {
    # pass -v/--version along, used during probing. Matching '-v' might have
    # uninteded results but it doesn't matter much if gas-preprocessor or
    # the compiler fails.
    exec(@gcc_cmd);
} else {
    die "Unrecognized input filetype";
}
if ($as_type eq "armasm") {

    $preprocess_c_cmd[0] = "cpp";
    push(@preprocess_c_cmd, "-U__ELF__");
    push(@preprocess_c_cmd, "-U__MACH__");

    @preprocess_c_cmd = grep ! /^-nologo$/, @preprocess_c_cmd;
    # Remove -ignore XX parameter pairs from preprocess_c_cmd
    my $index = 1;
    while ($index < $#preprocess_c_cmd) {
        if ($preprocess_c_cmd[$index] eq "-ignore" and $index + 1 < $#preprocess_c_cmd) {
            splice(@preprocess_c_cmd, $index, 2);
            next;
        }
        $index++;
    }
    if (grep /^-MM$/, @preprocess_c_cmd) {
        system(@preprocess_c_cmd) == 0 or die "Error running preprocessor";
        exit 0;
    }
}

# if compiling, avoid creating an output file named '-.o'
if ((grep /^-c$/, @gcc_cmd) && !(grep /^-o/, @gcc_cmd)) {
    foreach my $i (@gcc_cmd) {
        if ($i =~ /\.[csS]$/) {
            my $outputfile = $i;
            $outputfile =~ s/\.[csS]$/.o/;
            push(@gcc_cmd, "-o");
            push(@gcc_cmd, $outputfile);
            last;
        }
    }
}
# replace only the '-o' argument with '-', avoids rewriting the make dependency
# target specified with -MT to '-'
my $index = 1;
while ($index < $#preprocess_c_cmd) {
    if ($preprocess_c_cmd[$index] eq "-o") {
        $index++;
        $preprocess_c_cmd[$index] = "-";
    }
    $index++;
}

my $tempfile;
if ($as_type ne "armasm") {
    @gcc_cmd = map { /\.[csS]$/ ? qw(-x assembler -) : $_ } @gcc_cmd;
} else {
    @preprocess_c_cmd = grep ! /^-c$/, @preprocess_c_cmd;
    @preprocess_c_cmd = grep ! /^-m/, @preprocess_c_cmd;

    @preprocess_c_cmd = grep ! /^-G/, @preprocess_c_cmd;
    @preprocess_c_cmd = grep ! /^-W/, @preprocess_c_cmd;
    @preprocess_c_cmd = grep ! /^-Z/, @preprocess_c_cmd;
    @preprocess_c_cmd = grep ! /^-fp/, @preprocess_c_cmd;
    @preprocess_c_cmd = grep ! /^-EHsc$/, @preprocess_c_cmd;
    @preprocess_c_cmd = grep ! /^-O/, @preprocess_c_cmd;

    @gcc_cmd = grep ! /^-G/, @gcc_cmd;
    @gcc_cmd = grep ! /^-W/, @gcc_cmd;
    @gcc_cmd = grep ! /^-Z/, @gcc_cmd;
    @gcc_cmd = grep ! /^-fp/, @gcc_cmd;
    @gcc_cmd = grep ! /^-EHsc$/, @gcc_cmd;
    @gcc_cmd = grep ! /^-O/, @gcc_cmd;

    my @outfiles = grep /\.(o|obj)$/, @gcc_cmd;
    $tempfile = $outfiles[0].".asm";

    # Remove most parameters from gcc_cmd, which actually is the armasm command,
    # which doesn't support any of the common compiler/preprocessor options.
    @gcc_cmd = grep ! /^-D/, @gcc_cmd;
    @gcc_cmd = grep ! /^-U/, @gcc_cmd;
    @gcc_cmd = grep ! /^-m/, @gcc_cmd;
    @gcc_cmd = grep ! /^-M/, @gcc_cmd;
    @gcc_cmd = grep ! /^-c$/, @gcc_cmd;
    @gcc_cmd = grep ! /^-I/, @gcc_cmd;
    @gcc_cmd = map { /\.S$/ ? $tempfile : $_ } @gcc_cmd;
}

# detect architecture from gcc binary name
if (!$arch) {
    if ($gcc_cmd[0] =~ /(arm64|aarch64|arm|powerpc|ppc)/) {
        $arch = $1;
    } else {
        # look for -arch flag
        foreach my $i (1 .. $#gcc_cmd-1) {
            if ($gcc_cmd[$i] eq "-arch" and
                $gcc_cmd[$i+1] =~ /(arm64|aarch64|arm|powerpc|ppc)/) {
                $arch = $1;
            }
        }
    }
}

# assume we're not cross-compiling if no -arch or the binary doesn't have the arch name
$arch = qx/arch/ if (!$arch);

die "Unknown target architecture '$arch'" if not exists $canonical_arch{$arch};

$arch = $canonical_arch{$arch};
$comm = $comments{$arch};
my $inputcomm = $comm;
$comm = ";" if $as_type =~ /armasm/;

my %ppc_spr = (ctr    => 9,
               vrsave => 256);

open(INPUT, "-|", @preprocess_c_cmd) || die "Error running preprocessor";

if ($ENV{GASPP_DEBUG}) {
    open(ASMFILE, ">&STDOUT");
} else {
    if ($as_type ne "armasm") {
        open(ASMFILE, "|-", @gcc_cmd) or die "Error running assembler";
    } else {
        open(ASMFILE, ">", $tempfile);
    }
}

my $current_macro = '';
my $macro_level = 0;
my $rept_level = 0;
my %macro_lines;
my %macro_args;
my %macro_args_default;
my $macro_count = 0;
my $altmacro = 0;
my $in_irp = 0;

my $num_repts;
my @rept_lines;

my @irp_args;
my $irp_param;

my @ifstack;

my %symbols;

my @sections;

my %literal_labels;     # for ldr <reg>, =<expr>
my $literal_num = 0;
my $literal_expr = ".word";
$literal_expr = ".quad" if $arch eq "aarch64";

my $thumb = 0;

my %thumb_labels;
my %call_targets;
my %mov32_targets;

my %neon_alias_reg;
my %neon_alias_type;

my $temp_label_next = 0;
my %last_temp_labels;
my %next_temp_labels;

my %labels_seen;

my %aarch64_req_alias;

if ($force_thumb) {
    parse_line(".thumb\n");
}

# pass 1: parse .macro
# note that the handling of arguments is probably overly permissive vs. gas
# but it should be the same for valid cases
while (<INPUT>) {
    # remove lines starting with '#', preprocessing is done, '#' at start of
    # the line indicates a comment for all supported archs (aarch64, arm, ppc
    # and x86). Also strips line number comments but since they are off anyway
    # it is no loss.
    s/^#.*$//;
    # remove all comments (to avoid interfering with evaluating directives)
    s/(?<!\\)$inputcomm.*//x;
    # Strip out windows linefeeds
    s/\r$//;

    foreach my $subline (split(";", $_)) {
        # Add newlines at the end of lines that don't already have one
        chomp $subline;
        $subline .= "\n";
        parse_line($subline);
    }
}

sub eval_expr {
    my $expr = $_[0];
    while ($expr =~ /([A-Za-z._][A-Za-z0-9._]*)/g) {
        my $sym = $1;
        $expr =~ s/$sym/($symbols{$sym})/ if defined $symbols{$sym};
    }
    eval $expr;
}

sub handle_if {
    my $line = $_[0];
    # handle .if directives; apple's assembler doesn't support important non-basic ones
    # evaluating them is also needed to handle recursive macros
    if ($line =~ /\.if(n?)([a-z]*)\s+(.*)/) {
        my $result = $1 eq "n";
        my $type   = $2;
        my $expr   = $3;

        if ($type eq "b") {
            $expr =~ s/\s//g;
            $result ^= $expr eq "";
        } elsif ($type eq "c") {
            if ($expr =~ /(.*)\s*,\s*(.*)/) {
                $result ^= $1 eq $2;
            } else {
                die "argument to .ifc not recognized";
            }
        } elsif ($type eq "") {
            $result ^= eval_expr($expr) != 0;
        } elsif ($type eq "eq") {
            $result = eval_expr($expr) == 0;
        } elsif ($type eq "lt") {
            $result = eval_expr($expr) < 0;
        } else {
            chomp($line);
            die "unhandled .if varient. \"$line\"";
        }
        push (@ifstack, $result);
        return 1;
    } else {
        return 0;
    }
}

sub parse_if_line {
    my $line = $_[0];

    # evaluate .if blocks
    if (scalar(@ifstack)) {
        # Don't evaluate any new if statements if we're within
        # a repetition or macro - they will be evaluated once
        # the repetition is unrolled or the macro is expanded.
        if (scalar(@rept_lines) == 0 and $macro_level == 0) {
            if ($line =~ /\.endif/) {
                pop(@ifstack);
                return 1;
            } elsif ($line =~ /\.elseif\s+(.*)/) {
                if ($ifstack[-1] == 0) {
                    $ifstack[-1] = !!eval_expr($1);
                } elsif ($ifstack[-1] > 0) {
                    $ifstack[-1] = -$ifstack[-1];
                }
                return 1;
            } elsif ($line =~ /\.else/) {
                $ifstack[-1] = !$ifstack[-1];
                return 1;
            } elsif (handle_if($line)) {
                return 1;
            }
        }

        # discard lines in false .if blocks
        foreach my $i (0 .. $#ifstack) {
            if ($ifstack[$i] <= 0) {
                return 1;
            }
        }
    }
    return 0;
}

sub parse_line {
    my $line = $_[0];

    return if (parse_if_line($line));

    if (scalar(@rept_lines) == 0) {
        if (/\.macro/) {
            $macro_level++;
            if ($macro_level > 1 && !$current_macro) {
                die "nested macros but we don't have master macro";
            }
        } elsif (/\.endm/) {
            $macro_level--;
            if ($macro_level < 0) {
                die "unmatched .endm";
            } elsif ($macro_level == 0) {
                $current_macro = '';
                return;
            }
        }
    }

    if ($macro_level == 0) {
        if ($line =~ /\.(rept|irp)/) {
            $rept_level++;
        } elsif ($line =~ /.endr/) {
            $rept_level--;
        }
    }

    if ($macro_level > 1) {
        push(@{$macro_lines{$current_macro}}, $line);
    } elsif (scalar(@rept_lines) and $rept_level >= 1) {
        push(@rept_lines, $line);
    } elsif ($macro_level == 0) {
        expand_macros($line);
    } else {
        if ($line =~ /\.macro\s+([\d\w\.]+)\s*,?\s*(.*)/) {
            $current_macro = $1;

            # commas in the argument list are optional, so only use whitespace as the separator
            my $arglist = $2;
            $arglist =~ s/,/ /g;

            my @args = split(/\s+/, $arglist);
            foreach my $i (0 .. $#args) {
                my @argpair = split(/=/, $args[$i]);
                $macro_args{$current_macro}[$i] = $argpair[0];
                $argpair[0] =~ s/:vararg$//;
                $macro_args_default{$current_macro}{$argpair[0]} = $argpair[1];
            }
            # ensure %macro_lines has the macro name added as a key
            $macro_lines{$current_macro} = [];

        } elsif ($current_macro) {
            push(@{$macro_lines{$current_macro}}, $line);
        } else {
            die "macro level without a macro name";
        }
    }
}

sub handle_set {
    my $line = $_[0];
    if ($line =~ /\.(?:set|equ)\s+(\S*)\s*,\s*(.*)/) {
        $symbols{$1} = eval_expr($2);
        return 1;
    }
    return 0;
}

sub expand_macros {
    my $line = $_[0];

    # handle .if directives; apple's assembler doesn't support important non-basic ones
    # evaluating them is also needed to handle recursive macros
    if (handle_if($line)) {
        return;
    }

    if (/\.purgem\s+([\d\w\.]+)/) {
        delete $macro_lines{$1};
        delete $macro_args{$1};
        delete $macro_args_default{$1};
        return;
    }

    if ($line =~ /\.altmacro/) {
        $altmacro = 1;
        return;
    }

    if ($line =~ /\.noaltmacro/) {
        $altmacro = 0;
        return;
    }

    $line =~ s/\%([^,]*)/eval_expr($1)/eg if $altmacro;

    # Strip out the .set lines from the armasm output
    return if (handle_set($line) and $as_type eq "armasm");

    if ($line =~ /\.rept\s+(.*)/) {
        $num_repts = $1;
        @rept_lines = ("\n");

        # handle the possibility of repeating another directive on the same line
        # .endr on the same line is not valid, I don't know if a non-directive is
        if ($num_repts =~ s/(\.\w+.*)//) {
            push(@rept_lines, "$1\n");
        }
        $num_repts = eval_expr($num_repts);
    } elsif ($line =~ /\.irp\s+([\d\w\.]+)\s*(.*)/) {
        $in_irp = 1;
        $num_repts = 1;
        @rept_lines = ("\n");
        $irp_param = $1;

        # only use whitespace as the separator
        my $irp_arglist = $2;
        $irp_arglist =~ s/,/ /g;
        $irp_arglist =~ s/^\s+//;
        @irp_args = split(/\s+/, $irp_arglist);
    } elsif ($line =~ /\.irpc\s+([\d\w\.]+)\s*(.*)/) {
        $in_irp = 1;
        $num_repts = 1;
        @rept_lines = ("\n");
        $irp_param = $1;

        my $irp_arglist = $2;
        $irp_arglist =~ s/,/ /g;
        $irp_arglist =~ s/^\s+//;
        @irp_args = split(//, $irp_arglist);
    } elsif ($line =~ /\.endr/) {
        my @prev_rept_lines = @rept_lines;
        my $prev_in_irp = $in_irp;
        my @prev_irp_args = @irp_args;
        my $prev_irp_param = $irp_param;
        my $prev_num_repts = $num_repts;
        @rept_lines = ();
        $in_irp = 0;
        @irp_args = '';

        if ($prev_in_irp != 0) {
            foreach my $i (@prev_irp_args) {
                foreach my $origline (@prev_rept_lines) {
                    my $line = $origline;
                    $line =~ s/\\$prev_irp_param/$i/g;
                    $line =~ s/\\\(\)//g;     # remove \()
                    parse_line($line);
                }
            }
        } else {
            for (1 .. $prev_num_repts) {
                foreach my $origline (@prev_rept_lines) {
                    my $line = $origline;
                    parse_line($line);
                }
            }
        }
    } elsif ($line =~ /(\S+:|)\s*([\w\d\.]+)\s*(.*)/ && exists $macro_lines{$2}) {
        handle_serialized_line($1);
        my $macro = $2;

        # commas are optional here too, but are syntactically important because
        # parameters can be blank
        my @arglist = split(/,/, $3);
        my @args;
        my @args_seperator;

        my $comma_sep_required = 0;
        foreach (@arglist) {
            # allow arithmetic/shift operators in macro arguments
            $_ =~ s/\s*(\+|-|\*|\/|<<|>>|<|>)\s*/$1/g;

            my @whitespace_split = split(/\s+/, $_);
            if (!@whitespace_split) {
                push(@args, '');
                push(@args_seperator, '');
            } else {
                foreach (@whitespace_split) {
                        #print ("arglist = \"$_\"\n");
                    if (length($_)) {
                        push(@args, $_);
                        my $sep = $comma_sep_required ? "," : " ";
                        push(@args_seperator, $sep);
                        #print ("sep = \"$sep\", arg = \"$_\"\n");
                        $comma_sep_required = 0;
                    }
                }
            }

            $comma_sep_required = 1;
        }

        my %replacements;
        if ($macro_args_default{$macro}){
            %replacements = %{$macro_args_default{$macro}};
        }

        # construct hashtable of text to replace
        foreach my $i (0 .. $#args) {
            my $argname = $macro_args{$macro}[$i];
            my @macro_args = @{ $macro_args{$macro} };
            if ($args[$i] =~ m/=/) {
                # arg=val references the argument name
                # XXX: I'm not sure what the expected behaviour if a lot of
                # these are mixed with unnamed args
                my @named_arg = split(/=/, $args[$i]);
                $replacements{$named_arg[0]} = $named_arg[1];
            } elsif ($i > $#{$macro_args{$macro}}) {
                # more args given than the macro has named args
                # XXX: is vararg allowed on arguments before the last?
                $argname = $macro_args{$macro}[-1];
                if ($argname =~ s/:vararg$//) {
                    #print "macro = $macro, args[$i] = $args[$i], args_seperator=@args_seperator, argname = $argname, arglist[$i] = $arglist[$i], arglist = @arglist, args=@args, macro_args=@macro_args\n";
                    #$replacements{$argname} .= ", $args[$i]";
                    $replacements{$argname} .= "$args_seperator[$i] $args[$i]";
                } else {
                    die "Too many arguments to macro $macro";
                }
            } else {
                $argname =~ s/:vararg$//;
                $replacements{$argname} = $args[$i];
            }
        }

        my $count = $macro_count++;

        # apply replacements as regex
        foreach (@{$macro_lines{$macro}}) {
            my $macro_line = $_;
            # do replacements by longest first, this avoids wrong replacement
            # when argument names are subsets of each other
            foreach (reverse sort {length $a <=> length $b} keys %replacements) {
                $macro_line =~ s/\\$_/$replacements{$_}/g;
            }
            if ($altmacro) {
                foreach (reverse sort {length $a <=> length $b} keys %replacements) {
                    $macro_line =~ s/\b$_\b/$replacements{$_}/g;
                }
            }
            $macro_line =~ s/\\\@/$count/g;
            $macro_line =~ s/\\\(\)//g;     # remove \()
            parse_line($macro_line);
        }
    } else {
        handle_serialized_line($line);
    }
}

sub is_arm_register {
    my $name = $_[0];
    if ($name eq "lr" or
        $name eq "ip" or
        $name =~ /^[rav]\d+$/) {
        return 1;
    }
    return 0;
}

sub handle_local_label {
    my $line = $_[0];
    my $num  = $_[1];
    my $dir  = $_[2];
    my $target = "$num$dir";
    if ($dir eq "b") {
        $line =~ s/$target/$last_temp_labels{$num}/g;
    } else {
        my $name = "temp_label_$temp_label_next";
        $temp_label_next++;
        push(@{$next_temp_labels{$num}}, $name);
        $line =~ s/$target/$name/g;
    }
    return $line;
}

sub handle_serialized_line {
    my $line = $_[0];

    # handle .previous (only with regard to .section not .subsection)
    if ($line =~ /\.(section|text|const_data)/) {
        push(@sections, $line);
    } elsif ($line =~ /\.previous/) {
        if (!$sections[-2]) {
            die ".previous without a previous section";
        }
        $line = $sections[-2];
        push(@sections, $line);
    }

    $thumb = 1 if $line =~ /\.code\s+16|\.thumb/;
    $thumb = 0 if $line =~ /\.code\s+32|\.arm/;

    # handle ldr <reg>, =<expr>
    if ($line =~ /(.*)\s*ldr([\w\s\d]+)\s*,\s*=(.*)/ and $as_type ne "armasm") {
        my $label = $literal_labels{$3};
        if (!$label) {
            $label = "Literal_$literal_num";
            $literal_num++;
            $literal_labels{$3} = $label;
        }
        $line = "$1 ldr$2, $label\n";
    } elsif ($line =~ /\.ltorg/ and $as_type ne "armasm") {
        $line .= ".align 2\n";
        foreach my $literal (keys %literal_labels) {
            $line .= "$literal_labels{$literal}:\n $literal_expr $literal\n";
        }
        %literal_labels = ();
    }

    # handle GNU as pc-relative relocations for adrp/add
    if ($line =~ /(.*)\s*adrp([\w\s\d]+)\s*,\s*#?:pg_hi21:([^\s]+)/) {
        $line = "$1 adrp$2, ${3}\@PAGE\n";
    } elsif ($line =~ /(.*)\s*add([\w\s\d]+)\s*,([\w\s\d]+)\s*,\s*#?:lo12:([^\s]+)/) {
        $line = "$1 add$2, $3, ${4}\@PAGEOFF\n";
    }

    # thumb add with large immediate needs explicit add.w
    if ($thumb and $line =~ /add\s+.*#([^@]+)/) {
        $line =~ s/add/add.w/ if eval_expr($1) > 255;
    }

    # mach-o local symbol names start with L (no dot)
    $line =~ s/(?<!\w)\.(L\w+)/$1/g;

    # recycle the '.func' directive for '.thumb_func'
    if ($thumb and $as_type =~ /^apple-/) {
        $line =~ s/\.func/.thumb_func/x;
    }

    if ($thumb and $line =~ /^\s*(\w+)\s*:/) {
        $thumb_labels{$1}++;
    }

    if ($as_type =~ /^apple-/ and
        $line =~ /^\s*((\w+\s*:\s*)?bl?x?(..)?(?:\.w)?|\.global)\s+(\w+)/) {
        my $cond = $3;
        my $label = $4;
        # Don't interpret e.g. bic as b<cc> with ic as conditional code
        if ($cond =~ /|$arm_cond_codes/) {
            if (exists $thumb_labels{$label}) {
                print ASMFILE ".thumb_func $label\n";
            } else {
                $call_targets{$label}++;
            }
        }
    }

    # @l -> lo16()  @ha -> ha16()
    $line =~ s/,\s+([^,]+)\@l\b/, lo16($1)/g;
    $line =~ s/,\s+([^,]+)\@ha\b/, ha16($1)/g;

    # move to/from SPR
    if ($line =~ /(\s+)(m[ft])([a-z]+)\s+(\w+)/ and exists $ppc_spr{$3}) {
        if ($2 eq 'mt') {
            $line = "$1${2}spr $ppc_spr{$3}, $4\n";
        } else {
            $line = "$1${2}spr $4, $ppc_spr{$3}\n";
        }
    }

    if ($line =~ /\.unreq\s+(.*)/) {
        if (defined $neon_alias_reg{$1}) {
            delete $neon_alias_reg{$1};
            delete $neon_alias_type{$1};
            return;
        } elsif (defined $aarch64_req_alias{$1}) {
            delete $aarch64_req_alias{$1};
            return;
        }
    }
    # old gas versions store upper and lower case names on .req,
    # but they remove only one on .unreq
    if ($fix_unreq) {
        if ($line =~ /\.unreq\s+(.*)/) {
            $line = ".unreq " . lc($1) . "\n";
            $line .= ".unreq " . uc($1) . "\n";
        }
    }

    if ($line =~ /(\w+)\s+\.(dn|qn)\s+(\w+)(?:\.(\w+))?(\[\d+\])?/) {
        $neon_alias_reg{$1} = "$3$5";
        $neon_alias_type{$1} = $4;
        return;
    }
    if (scalar keys %neon_alias_reg > 0 && $line =~ /^\s+v\w+/) {
        # This line seems to possibly have a neon instruction
        foreach (keys %neon_alias_reg) {
            my $alias = $_;
            # Require the register alias to match as an invididual word, not as a substring
            # of a larger word-token.
            if ($line =~ /\b$alias\b/) {
                $line =~ s/\b$alias\b/$neon_alias_reg{$alias}/g;
                # Add the type suffix. If multiple aliases match on the same line,
                # only do this replacement the first time (a vfoo.bar string won't match v\w+).
                $line =~ s/^(\s+)(v\w+)(\s+)/$1$2.$neon_alias_type{$alias}$3/;
            }
        }
    }

    if ($arch eq "aarch64" or $as_type eq "armasm") {
        # clang's integrated aarch64 assembler in Xcode 5 does not support .req/.unreq
        if ($line =~ /\b(\w+)\s+\.req\s+(\w+)\b/) {
            $aarch64_req_alias{$1} = $2;
            return;
        }
        foreach (keys %aarch64_req_alias) {
            my $alias = $_;
            # recursively resolve aliases
            my $resolved = $aarch64_req_alias{$alias};
            while (defined $aarch64_req_alias{$resolved}) {
                $resolved = $aarch64_req_alias{$resolved};
            }
            $line =~ s/\b$alias\b/$resolved/g;
        }
    }
    if ($arch eq "aarch64") {
        # fix missing aarch64 instructions in Xcode 5.1 (beta3)
        # mov with vector arguments is not supported, use alias orr instead
        if ($line =~ /^\s*mov\s+(v\d[\.{}\[\]\w]+),\s*(v\d[\.{}\[\]\w]+)\b\s*$/) {
            $line = "        orr $1, $2, $2\n";
        }
        # movi 16, 32 bit shifted variant, shift is optional
        if ($line =~ /^\s*movi\s+(v[0-3]?\d\.(?:2|4|8)[hsHS])\s*,\s*(#\w+)\b\s*$/) {
            $line = "        movi $1, $2, lsl #0\n";
        }
        # Xcode 5 misses the alias uxtl. Replace it with the more general ushll.
        # Clang 3.4 misses the alias sxtl too. Replace it with the more general sshll.
        if ($line =~ /^\s*(s|u)xtl(2)?\s+(v[0-3]?\d\.[248][hsdHSD])\s*,\s*(v[0-3]?\d\.(?:2|4|8|16)[bhsBHS])\b\s*$/) {
            $line = "        $1shll$2 $3, $4, #0\n";
        }
        # clang 3.4 does not automatically use shifted immediates in add/sub
        if ($as_type eq "clang" and
            $line =~ /^(\s*(?:add|sub)s?) ([^#l]+)#([\d\+\-\*\/ <>]+)\s*$/) {
            my $imm = eval $3;
            if ($imm > 4095 and not ($imm & 4095)) {
                $line = "$1 $2#" . ($imm >> 12) . ", lsl #12\n";
            }
        }
        if ($ENV{GASPP_FIX_XCODE5}) {
            if ($line =~ /^\s*bsl\b/) {
                $line =~ s/\b(bsl)(\s+v[0-3]?\d\.(\w+))\b/$1.$3$2/;
                $line =~ s/\b(v[0-3]?\d)\.$3\b/$1/g;
            }
            if ($line =~ /^\s*saddl2?\b/) {
                $line =~ s/\b(saddl2?)(\s+v[0-3]?\d\.(\w+))\b/$1.$3$2/;
                $line =~ s/\b(v[0-3]?\d)\.\w+\b/$1/g;
            }
            if ($line =~ /^\s*dup\b.*\]$/) {
                $line =~ s/\bdup(\s+v[0-3]?\d)\.(\w+)\b/dup.$2$1/g;
                $line =~ s/\b(v[0-3]?\d)\.[bhsdBHSD](\[\d\])$/$1$2/g;
            }
        }
    }

    if ($as_type eq "armasm") {
        # Also replace variables set by .set
        foreach (keys %symbols) {
            my $sym = $_;
            $line =~ s/\b$sym\b/$symbols{$sym}/g;
        }

        # Handle function declarations and keep track of the declared labels
        if ($line =~ s/^\s*\.func\s+(\w+)/$1 PROC/) {
            $labels_seen{$1} = 1;
        }

        if ($line =~ s/^\s*(\d+)://) {
            # Convert local labels into unique labels. armasm (at least in
            # RVCT) has something similar, but still different enough.
            # By converting to unique labels we avoid any possible
            # incompatibilities.

            my $num = $1;
            foreach (@{$next_temp_labels{$num}}) {
                $line = "$_\n" . $line;
            }
            @next_temp_labels{$num} = ();
            my $name = "temp_label_$temp_label_next";
            $temp_label_next++;
            # The matching regexp above removes the label from the start of
            # the line (which might contain an instruction as well), readd
            # it on a separate line above it.
            $line = "$name:\n" . $line;
            $last_temp_labels{$num} = $name;
        }

        if ($line =~ s/^(\w+):/$1/) {
            # Skip labels that have already been declared with a PROC,
            # labels must not be declared multiple times.
            return if (defined $labels_seen{$1});
            $labels_seen{$1} = 1;
        } elsif ($line !~ /(\w+) PROC/) {
            # If not a label, make sure the line starts with whitespace,
            # otherwise ms armasm interprets it incorrectly.
            $line =~ s/^[\.\w]/\t$&/;
        }


        # Check branch instructions
        if ($line =~ /(?:^|\n)\s*(\w+\s*:\s*)?(bl?x?(..)?(\.w)?)\s+(\w+)/) {
            my $instr = $2;
            my $cond = $3;
            my $width = $4;
            my $target = $5;
            # Don't interpret e.g. bic as b<cc> with ic as conditional code
            if ($cond !~ /|$arm_cond_codes/) {
                # Not actually a branch
            } elsif ($target =~ /^(\d+)([bf])$/) {
                # The target is a local label
                $line = handle_local_label($line, $1, $2);
                $line =~ s/\b$instr\b/$&.w/ if $width eq "";
            } elsif (!is_arm_register($target)) {
                $call_targets{$target}++;
            }
        } elsif ($line =~ /^\s*.h?word.*\b\d+[bf]\b/) {
            while ($line =~ /\b(\d+)([bf])\b/g) {
                $line = handle_local_label($line, $1, $2);
            }
        }

        # ALIGN in armasm syntax is the actual number of bytes
        if ($line =~ /\.(?:p2)?align\s+(\d+)/) {
            my $align = 1 << $1;
            $line =~ s/\.(?:p2)?align\s(\d+)/ALIGN $align/;
        }
        # Convert gas style [r0, :128] into armasm [r0@128] alignment specification
        $line =~ s/\[([^\[,]+),?\s*:(\d+)\]/[$1\@$2]/g;

        # armasm treats logical values {TRUE} and {FALSE} separately from
        # numeric values - logical operators and values can't be intermixed
        # with numerical values. Evaluate !<number> and (a <> b) into numbers,
        # let the assembler evaluate the rest of the expressions. This current
        # only works for cases when ! and <> are used with actual constant numbers,
        # we don't evaluate subexpressions here.

        # Evaluate !<number>
        while ($line =~ /!\s*(\d+)/g) {
            my $val = ($1 != 0) ? 0 : 1;
            $line =~ s/!(\d+)/$val/;
        }
        # Evaluate (a > b)
        while ($line =~ /\(\s*(\d+)\s*([<>])\s*(\d+)\s*\)/) {
            my $val;
            if ($2 eq "<") {
                $val = ($1 < $3) ? 1 : 0;
            } else {
                $val = ($1 > $3) ? 1 : 0;
            }
            $line =~ s/\(\s*(\d+)\s*([<>])\s*(\d+)\s*\)/$val/;
        }

        # Change a movw... #:lower16: into a mov32 pseudoinstruction
        $line =~ s/^(\s*)movw(\s+\w+\s*,\s*)\#:lower16:(.*)$/$1mov32$2$3/;
        # and remove the following, matching movt completely
        $line =~ s/^\s*movt\s+\w+\s*,\s*\#:upper16:.*$//;

        if ($line =~ /^\s*mov32\s+\w+,\s*([a-zA-Z]\w*)/) {
            $mov32_targets{$1}++;
        }

        # Misc bugs/deficiencies:
        # armasm seems unable to parse e.g. "vmov s0, s1" without a type
        # qualifier, thus add .f32.
        $line =~ s/^(\s+(?:vmov|vadd))(\s+s\d+\s*,\s*s\d+)/$1.f32$2/;
        # armasm is unable to parse &0x - add spacing
        $line =~ s/&0x/& 0x/g;
    }

    if ($force_thumb) {
        # Convert register post indexing to a separate add instruction.
        # This converts e.g. "ldr r0, [r1], r2" into "ldr r0, [r1]",
        # "add r1, r1, r2".
        $line =~ s/((?:ldr|str)[bh]?)\s+(\w+),\s*\[(\w+)\],\s*(\w+)/$1 $2, [$3]\n\tadd $3, $3, $4/g;

        # Convert "mov pc, lr" into "bx lr", since the former only works
        # for switching from arm to thumb (and only in armv7), but not
        # from thumb to arm.
        s/mov\s*pc\s*,\s*lr/bx lr/g;

        # Convert stmdb/ldmia/stmfd/ldmfd/ldm with only one register into a plain str/ldr with post-increment/decrement.
        # Wide thumb2 encoding requires at least two registers in register list while all other encodings support one register too.
        $line =~ s/stm(?:db|fd)\s+sp!\s*,\s*\{([^,-]+)\}/str $1, [sp, #-4]!/g;
        $line =~ s/ldm(?:ia|fd)?\s+sp!\s*,\s*\{([^,-]+)\}/ldr $1, [sp], #4/g;

        $line =~ s/\.arm/.thumb/x;
    }

    # comment out unsupported directives
    $line =~ s/\.type/$comm$&/x        if $as_type =~ /^(apple-|armasm)/;
    $line =~ s/\.func/$comm$&/x        if $as_type =~ /^(apple-|clang)/;
    $line =~ s/\.endfunc/$comm$&/x     if $as_type =~ /^(apple-|clang)/;
    $line =~ s/\.endfunc/ENDP/x        if $as_type =~ /armasm/;
    $line =~ s/\.ltorg/$comm$&/x       if $as_type =~ /^(apple-|clang)/;
    $line =~ s/\.ltorg/LTORG/x         if $as_type eq "armasm";
    $line =~ s/\.size/$comm$&/x        if $as_type =~ /^(apple-|armasm)/;
    $line =~ s/\.fpu/$comm$&/x         if $as_type =~ /^(apple-|armasm)/;
    $line =~ s/\.arch/$comm$&/x        if $as_type =~ /^(apple-|clang|armasm)/;
    $line =~ s/\.object_arch/$comm$&/x if $as_type =~ /^(apple-|armasm)/;
    $line =~ s/.section\s+.note.GNU-stack.*/$comm$&/x if $as_type =~ /^(apple-|armasm)/;

    $line =~ s/\.syntax/$comm$&/x      if $as_type =~ /armasm/;

    $line =~ s/\.hword/.short/x;

    if ($as_type =~ /^apple-/) {
        # the syntax for these is a little different
        $line =~ s/\.global/.globl/x;
        # also catch .section .rodata since the equivalent to .const_data is .section __DATA,__const
        $line =~ s/(.*)\.rodata/.const_data/x;
        $line =~ s/\.int/.long/x;
        $line =~ s/\.float/.single/x;
    }
    if ($as_type eq "apple-gas") {
        $line =~ s/vmrs\s+APSR_nzcv/fmrx r15/x;
    }
    if ($as_type eq "armasm") {
        $line =~ s/\.global/EXPORT/x;
        $line =~ s/\.int/dcd/x;
        $line =~ s/\.long/dcd/x;
        $line =~ s/\.float/dcfs/x;
        $line =~ s/\.word/dcd/x;
        $line =~ s/\.short/dcw/x;
        $line =~ s/\.byte/dcb/x;
        $line =~ s/\.quad/dcq/x;
        $line =~ s/\.ascii/dcb/x;
        $line =~ s/\.asciz(.*)$/dcb\1,0/x;
        $line =~ s/\.thumb/THUMB/x;
        $line =~ s/\.arm/ARM/x;
        # The alignment in AREA is the power of two, just as .align in gas
        $line =~ s/\.text/AREA |.text|, CODE, READONLY, ALIGN=4, CODEALIGN/;
        $line =~ s/(\s*)(.*)\.rodata/$1AREA |.rodata|, DATA, READONLY, ALIGN=5/;
        $line =~ s/\.data/AREA |.data|, DATA, ALIGN=5/;

        $line =~ s/fmxr/vmsr/;
        $line =~ s/fmrx/vmrs/;
        $line =~ s/fadds/vadd.f32/;
    }

    # catch unknown section names that aren't mach-o style (with a comma)
    if ($as_type =~ /apple-/ and $line =~ /.section ([^,]*)$/) {
        die ".section $1 unsupported; figure out the mach-o section name and add it";
    }

    print ASMFILE $line;
}

if ($as_type ne "armasm") {
    print ASMFILE ".text\n";
    print ASMFILE ".align 2\n";
    foreach my $literal (keys %literal_labels) {
        print ASMFILE "$literal_labels{$literal}:\n $literal_expr $literal\n";
    }

    map print(ASMFILE ".thumb_func $_\n"),
        grep exists $thumb_labels{$_}, keys %call_targets;
} else {
    map print(ASMFILE "\tIMPORT $_\n"),
        grep ! exists $labels_seen{$_}, (keys %call_targets, keys %mov32_targets);

    print ASMFILE "\tEND\n";
}

close(INPUT) or exit 1;
close(ASMFILE) or exit 1;
if ($as_type eq "armasm" and ! defined $ENV{GASPP_DEBUG}) {
    system(@gcc_cmd) == 0 or die "Error running assembler";
}

END {
    unlink($tempfile) if defined $tempfile;
}
#exit 1